Names of Uilta people during the time Japan owned the south of 50 degrees north latitude of Sakhalin Island are found in various documents. I would like to review what we could find in these names of Uilta people. The Uilta did not have family names, but they were given Japanese family names based on the clan system. Few people have the same first names in Uilta language. In addition, Russian names, names of Japanese events, and Japanese personal names are found.
The Hokkaido Museum of Northern Peoples has collected some cribbage boards. The collection includes seven Inuit/Eskimo cribbage boards. While two cribbage boards were made in the end of the 20th century, others were made from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century.
This paper is aimed at making clear general history of these early Eskimo cribbage boards through our collection also trying to identify the person who made our cribbage boards. Finally this paper will point out that some early cribbage boards have an indicator of “ The Art ” like contemporary Inuit/Eskimo works and will consider the increase in influence of dominant society on Eskimo carvings and engravings from the 19th century until the 20th century.
Domestic reindeer are used for works in northern Eurasia and for riding in the Taiga region. Unique saddles are required to ride reindeer, and saddles are also utilized for carrying load. Various types of reindeer saddles are used in Siberia. The focus of this article is on reindeer saddles used by the Even in Tompo District, Sakha Republic, and their appearance, structure, utilization, and manufacture are reported. Three types of reindeer saddles were found in the research: for load, for infants, and for riding. All of them have a common structure: two cushions connected by two arches. The structure of the saddle for load is the simplest, and it is used as a base to bind loads on the back of the deer. The saddle for infants has higher arches and wooden boards on both sides to prevent infants from falling off. The saddle for riding has larger cushions and a cover on the surf ace.
The manufacturing process of the saddle for riding is as follows. Worn-out reindeer fur is tanned, and two semicircular shapes are cut out from the fur. They are sewn together to make a leather bag. Then, a larch board is wrapped in the bag, which is stuffed with reindeer hair, to make a cushion. After the two cushions are finished, a cover made of the fur of two reindeer heads is sewn on the surface of the saddle. The arches are made of wood or reindeer antlers.
According to literature, the saddles described here are the Siberian type. However, since reindeer riders are distributed over a huge area and many local ethnic groups engage in reindeer riding, there is a variety of forms in their materials and styles. Therefore, it is worth collecting information about all variations of the equipment to understand the development of the manufacture of saddles for reindeer riding.
Uilta (formerly called Orok), one of the Tungusic languages, is spoken in northeastern part of Sakhalin Island. This language is divided into two dialects: Northern Dialect, which was traditionally spoken in village Val and its surrounding areas, and Southern Dialect, which was spoken in Poronaisk (formerly called Shisuka) and its surrounding areas. At the present time, the Uilta speak usually Russian, and it seems that there remain less than ten people who are able to speak their traditional language.
This is the second part of my report that aims to present short sample sentences in Uilta Northern Dialect provided by two speakers: Ms. Irina Fedjaeva and Ms. Elena Bibikova. The first part, Yamada (2015), presented sentences (1) to (50), and the present report is devoted to sentences (51) to (125). The author recorded these sentences during 2010 - 2013 on Sakhalin by means of the same Russian questionnaire with that of the previous work, Tsumagari (2010). Ms. Fedjaeva and Ms. Bibikova translated each one of 200 Russian sentences into Uilta. In this report the sentences by Ms. Fedjaeva are marked with (a), and those by Ms. Bibikova with (b). Every sentence is represented in phonemic transcription with the underlying form, English-based grammatical gloss, and Russian original sentences with its Japanese translation.
Hokkaido Museum of Northern Peoples is excavating the Notoro Cape West Coast Site since 1996. This site belongs to the Jomon period, the Epi-Jomon period, the Okhotsk culture period and the Satsumon period. This report provides an overview of the excavation research of this site in June, 2015.
According to the past surveys, this site is divided into 6 parts named a to f where archaeological facts are found in. This time we excavated about 16 ㎡ on the edge of a precipice in the point c.
As a result, we made the following findings about this site. Firstly, the layer including archaeological materials was divided into 2 layers. Secondly, the Mokoto type pottery in the middle Jomon period was excavated in this site at the first time in addition to the Jomon pottery found in the past excavations.
We still have not clarified the layers formation process of this site. After this, we intend to examine this process by the future research.
This paper introduces Mr. Kenchi Hiratsuka and his wood carving. He is a famous artist of wood carving. He had made many great wooden bear's family, owls and the other animals in Asahikawa. He had a high skill in woodworking. He likes the wood craft design of a bear's family. He had made a great contribution to sightseeing in Hokkaido and brought up many pupils.
He was chosen “ Gendai no Meikou ” by the welfare and labour ministry in 1974.