Since Cambodia inscribed the 11th century Hindu Temple of Preah Vihear at the World Cultural Heritage Committee（WHC）of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization（UNESCO）in 2008, this has resurrected the issues of nationalism and territorial sovereignty between Cambodia and Thailand over the Temple. Dating back to 1962, when the International Court of Justice judged that the Temple falls within Cambodian sovereignty, both sides complied with the court's decision, although the court did not rule which country exerted the territorial jurisdiction surrounding the vicinity of the Temple－an issue that had been neglected by both states for three decades. This paper investigates the “securitization” dimension of identity and societal relations in regard to the Temple at critical historical junctions between the two countries. It draws on the Copenhagen School of International Relations to investigate societal securitization, under which security concerns over identity are framed as security issues. The case under study encompasses many actors and their identities: state-, national-domestic, and local（un）civil society levels, such as the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship（UDD: Red-shirts）and the People's Alliance for Democracy（PAD: Yellow-shirts）. This article traces the origin of the simmering contending problems over the Temple in Thai politics by phases: the 2001−6 Thaksin period; the post-Thakisn Samak and Somchai periods from 2006−8; and the anti-Thakin Abhisit period from 2008−11 in particular. Desecuritizing the Temple may be contingent upon the willingness of both governments and the local Red-and Yellow-shirts actors' attitudes to resort to an ASEAN-style conflict management - “appropriate ambiguity”, whereby the contending actors share in common a normative appropriateness, and downgrade conflicting identity politics. The year 2013 may see the verdict of the ICJ over the interpretation of the 1962 judgment and Cambodia's hosting of the WHC conference. These events can become a litmus test for desecuritzing the issue.
This paper attempts to illuminate and analyze the social history about everyday lives of Zainichi Koreans in regional cities of Japan based on the fieldwork research in Kumamoto City. There were relatively large numbers of Korean residencies along the market area of which originated from the black-market built immediately after the World War II. Unlike Osaka and Tokyo, or Kawasaki and Kyoto, it did not create the ethnic enclaves of Zainichi Koreans. Rather, there were Chinese, Okinawans, and Japanese including repatriates from colonies as well as Zainichi Koreans, and created the diversified local community characterized by the ‘international market.’ In addition, this market area eventually became the textile wholesale district. As the consequence, the relatively large numbers of Korean residencies did not create the Korean towns or other ethnic businesses represent Koreans such as Korean BBQ restaurants. When we focus on these local case studies, they illuminate alternative aspects to understand everyday lives of Zainchi Koreans which are different from previous studies focused on the highly concentrated areas in the urban locations. As it attempted in this paper, it is important to examine these local case studies to depict the ‘plural histories and ethnographies of Zainichi Koreans’ for the future studies.
In the 1930's, in Japan and Korea, many unusual murder cases were happened. But the psychological context of the citizens were different in Japan and Korea. Kim Rae Sung is a popular writer in Korea. He became a follower of the famous Japanese mystery writer Rampo Edogawa of the 1930's, who had been writing many mysteries in Japanese and Korean before 1945. But he has not written mysteries after the Korean independence. Why not any in the colonial era? I think that he was ahead of his time, but he could not understand the meaning of the changing times. This paper analyses writers' lives, relationships in the colonial Korea, and compares the social backgrounds and situation gap of Korea and Japan.