The purpose of this study is to describe some rich aspects of the interpersonal relationship, for example Manzai Talk, by using the Redundancy-Interactional Patterns Model. The results of analysis suggest that humor in Manzai talk occurs from the difference in redundancy level in its interactional pattern.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of two “early developmental period” factors on the current basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) and compare the results cross-nationally between China, Korea and Japan. Two “early developmental period” factors are family relationship and self-determinative behavior. Questionnaire research was conducted. Research participants were Chinese, Korea and Japanese university students (N=631). Results of cross-national comparison revealed that 1) Japanese families are less cohesive than Korean and Chinese families, 2)Chinese behave in less self-determinatively than Koreans and Japanese, and 3)Koreans have higher basic psychological needs than Chinese and Japanese. Next, we examined the effect of cohesion and self-determinative behaviors on basic psychological needs for each early developmental period. We also examined the cross-national difference of the results. This study found that 1) for Japanese, cohesion among family members is more linked with relatedness than Chinese and Koreans, 2) for Koreans, the current basic psychological needs are related with cohesion among family members at elementary school age and self-determinative behaviors at both junior high school and high school age, 3) only for Chinese, competence is associated with cohesion among family members and self-determinative behaviors. This study shows the cross-national differences for family cohesion, self-determinative behaviors, and basic psychological needs among three Far East countries.
This study examined family relationship from two perspectives; multi-generation and family history. Multigenerational family study was participated by mother from middle generation (N=132). Result of multi regression analysis on father-child cohesion in multigenerational family showed that only grandparental generational family relationship from father’s family of origin predicted father-child cohesion. Historical family relationship study was conducted with Family Relationship History Graph (FRHG). Research participants were late adolescents (N=108). The results showed that declining of mother –child cohesion did not lead to decline maternal power in family, while, father lost power in family along with declining cohesion with child. Multi-regression analysis on the current father-daughter relationship revealed that both the current and immediately before the current mother-child relationship were predictive of the target family relationship.
Family Relationship History Graph: FRHG (Wakashima et al., 2010) is a measure to assess the transition process of family relationship with the current narratives. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the FRHG. We also aimed to investigate general developmental process of family relationship with the FRHG. The results showed concurrent validity for FRHG as a measure of cumulative family relationship was evident and the FRHG scores had moderate temporal stability after an interval of 1 month. In contrast, the FRHG scores were not temporally stable after 4-month interval. As for family transition process, the results indicate that developmental change of family triangle in adolescence differed by child gender.
The purpose of this study was to unfold the complicated mutual link in the family. Specifically, we report how marital relationship relates with other dyads in the three-generation family (first generation (G1) was referred as grandparents, second (G2) as parents, and third (G3) as child’s generation) with Inventory for Character of Intra-Inter Generation in Kinship –“ICHIGEKI”-. Result of multi regression analyses on wife-husband cohesiveness in multigenerational family revealed that seven dyadic relationships are predictive of marital cohesiveness in three-generation family.
This study examined family relationships between care receivers (CRs), primary caregivers (PCGs) and secondary caregivers (SCGs) from the perspective of Cumulative Family Relationships and considered how this relationship has changed over the years, as well as whether there is a difference between these changes and the depression of PCGs. Participants were 170 PCGs who were caring in-home dementia CRs. The results of ANOVA and t-test showed that 1) Family Structures Transition were statistically significant, and 2) Family Structure Transition differed according to the degree of depression. These results suggested that Family Structure Transition should be considered when designing intervention strategies and assessment.
The purpose of this study is to try proposing the idea and analyzing about clinical usage of compliment, which heavily weighted in the Brief Therapy. Maruta and Ishii (2008, 2009) has been proposed “Tickling” as one of the ideas about compliment. The demonstrative study was defining “Tickling” as a compliment which was due to finding resource in the bitter reality based on the three effective conditions about intervention “small, acceptable, and funny” suggested by Hasegawa(2005). This study was conducted by using questionnaire, and searched the main factor of tickling and how it effects on feeling of comfortableness and process of cognition. From the result, some factors of tickling were clarified about their influence. Since the influence of titillating feeling with “tickling” could confirm, importance of “tickling” as contrive of compliment was shown that the tickling changes intrapersonal level of comfortableness and cognition regarding problem for positive way.