This paper describes performance enhancement of a regenerative blower used for a 20 kW fuel cell system. Two
design variables, bending angle of an impeller and blade thickness of an impeller tip, which are used to define an impeller shape,
are introduced to enhance the blower performance. Internal flow of the regenerative blower has been analyzed with threedimensional
Navier-Stokes equations to obtain the blower performance. General analysis code, CFX, is introduced in the
present work. SST turbulence model is employed to estimate the eddy viscosity. Throughout the numerical analysis, it is
found that the thickness of impeller tip is effective to increase the blower efficiency in the present blower. Pressure is
successfully increased up to 2.8% compared to the reference blower at the design flow condition. And efficiency is also enhanced
up to 2.98 % compared to the reference one. It is noted that low velocity region disturbs to make strong recirculation flow
inside the blade passages, thus increases local pressure loss. Detailed flow field inside the regenerative blower is also
analyzed and compared.
In double-suction centrifugal pumps, it was found that cavitation instabilities occur with vibration and a perio
dic chugging noise. The present study attempts to identify cavitation instabilities in the double-suction centrifugal
pump by the experiment and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Cavitation instabilities in the tested pump were
classified into three types of instabilities. The first one, in a range of cavitation number higher than breakdown
cavitation number, is cavitation surge with a violent pressure oscillation. The second one, in a range of cavitation
number higher than the cavitation number of cavitation surge, is considered to be rotating cavitation and causes the
pressure oscillation due to the interaction of rotating cavitation with the impeller. Last one, in a range of cavitation
number higher than the cavitation number of rotating cavitation, is considered to be a surge type instability.
Sediment erosion is one of the key challenges in hydraulic turbines from a design and maintenance perspective in Himalayas. The present study focuses on choosing the best design in terms of blade angle distribution of a Francis turbine runner which has least erosion effect without influencing the efficiency and the structural integrity. A fully coupled Fluid-Structure-Interaction (FSI) analysis was performed through a multi-field solver, which showed that the maximum stress induced in the optimized design for better sediment handling, is less than that induced in the reference design. Some numerical validation techniques have been shown for both CFD and FSI analysis.
Surge phenomena in the zone of reduced speeds in a system of a nine-stage axial flow compressor coupled with ducts were studied analytically by use of a surge transient simulation code. Main results are as follows. (1) Expansion of apparently stable, non-surge working area of the pressure vs. flow field beyond the initial stage-stall line was predicted by the code in the lower speed region. The area proved analytically to be caused by significantly mismatched stage- working conditions, particularly with the front stages deep in the rotating stall branch of the characteristics, as was already known in situ and in steady-state calculations also. (2) Surge frequencies were found to increase for decreasing compressor speeds as far as the particular compressor system was concerned. (3) The tendency was found to be explained by a newly introduced volumemodified reduced surge frequency. It suggests that the surge frequency is related intimately with the process of emptying and filling of air into the delivery volume. (4) The upstream range of movement of the fluid mass having once passed through the compressor in surge was found to reduce toward the lower speeds, which could have caused additionally the increase in surge frequency. (5) The concept of the volume- modified reduced surge frequency was able to explain, though qualitatively at present, the behaviors of the area- pressure ratio parameter for the stall stagnation boundary proposed earlier by the author.
The paint removal and recoating are the very important process in airplane maintenance. The traditional technology is to use the chemical way corroding the paint with paint remover. For changing the defects, corrosion & pollution & manual working, of the traditional technology, the physical process which removes the paint of airplane with 250MPa/250kW ultra-high pressure rotary water jetting though the surface cleaner installed on the six axes robot is studied. The paint layer of airplane is very thin and close. The contradiction of water jetting paint removal is to remove the paint layer wholly and not damage the surface of airplane. In order to solve the contradiction, the best working condition must be reached through tests. The paint removal efficiency with ultra-high pressure and move speed of not damaged to the surface. The move speed of this test is about 2m/min, and the paint removal efficiency is about 30~40m2 /h, and the paint removal active area is 85-90%. No-repeat and no-omit are the base requests of the robot program. The physical paint removal tec hnology will be applied in airplane maintenance, and will face the safety detection of application permission.