This study aimed to clarify the influences of workplace bullying among nurses on their traumatic stress responses. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted, and replies from a total of 1,890 nurses working in 11 hospitals were analyzed. Logistic regression with the traumatic stress response as a dependent variable revealed that those with experience of being bullied, such as not being provided with necessary information, being excluded from a group of colleagues, being repeatedly reminded of past mistakes and errors, being ignored, being monitored, or being overworked, showed a markedly high traumatic stress response rate. The results of this study suggest the necessity of improving working environments and preventing workplace bullying to promote mental health care for nurses.
In this study, we investigated the influences of job stress, coping profile and social support on work engagement among hospital nurses. We conducted an anonymous self-completed ques tionnaire survey involving 1,194 subjects. As a result of multiple linear regression analysis with work engagement as the dependent variable, work engagement was significantly correlated with: ambiguous roles and changes in viewpoints in nurses with various years of experience; supervisors' support, cognitive requirements, active problem-solving, and consultations to resolve problems in those with 1 to 3 years of experience; supervisors' support, marital status, and type of employment in those with 4 to 9 years of experience; and avoidance/suppression, marital status, and working style in those with more than 9 years of experience. Our findings suggest that hospital nurses may become more motivated for and dedicated to their work if their roles are clarified, skills to cope with stress factors are developed among them, and supervisors' support for such professionals is promoted.