In this study, the effectiveness of two kinds of existing safety activity for inexperienced workers was investigated experimentally from the view point of performance of risk perception and from self-evaluation of risk perception. Thirty-four workers participated in the experiment and were divided into a tablet-based safety activity group and a self-directed safety activity group. They took a risk-prediction test and evaluated their usual risk perception at work before and after each safety activity. Results indicated that in a tablet-based safety activity group, performance of the risk-prediction test increased and self-evaluation of risk perception became safer after the safety activity, suggesting that such activity may improve worker safety. In a self-directed safety activity group, while performance of the risk-prediction test didn’t increase, the confidence in answering the risk-prediction test did, suggesting that this group may have falsely thought that they could perceive hazards that they really couldn’t. Although a safety activity can be changed to the situation of each work site, these results showed that some kind of safety activity may have a negative influence for inexperienced workers in a dangerous way Therefore, contents of a safety activity should be selected after considering testers’experience.
This study reviewed 34 Japanese and foreign literatures on the employment status of gynecological cancer survivors and the job assistance provided to them, and it examined the issues faced by medical professionals when providing job support to cancer survivors. The findings revealed that medical problems are among the factors that prevent gynecological cancer survivors from being able to continue working; these problems include distress due to complications of treatment and the difficulty of self-management those complications. It was suggested that treatment for medical problem and patient education including care by medical professional should allow gynecological cancer survivors to both receive treatment and continue working. In the future, a domestic survey needs to ascertain factors that can potentially prevent cancer survivors from working, and a comprehensive program to help them continue working needs to be developed with the involvement of medical professional.