日本経営倫理学会誌
Online ISSN : 2423-9925
Print ISSN : 1343-6627
最新号
選択された号の論文の19件中1~19を表示しています
巻頭言
論文
  • CSVアライアンスにおける対境担当者に関する考察
    石田 満恵
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 5-17
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In a world undergoing rapid change, a Strategic Alliance is getting important for a company to gain competitive advantage. Some previous researches mention about importance of understanding about “Alliance Manager”, however, only few studies that have been done and it has still limited. Also, the research about “Alliance Manager” for CSV(Creating Shared Value)is under the same situation. This article has the goal to find what a role of “Alliance Manager” is. This article explores a hypothesis about the role/feature of “Alliance Manager” aimed at sustainable CSV by comparing among 4 Alliance case studies.
  • 経営理念・組織文化・組織コミットメントの観点からの考察
    絹村 信俊
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 19-33
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study aims to define the features of career changers in a major manufacturing industry in Japan, through the study of their consciousness relating to management philosophy, organizational culture and organizational commitment. To investigate these features, a questionnaire was conducted among the career changers, namely the office workers, in a major manufacturing industry in Japan. The findings are: 1)the career changers have a relatively low consciousness to support organizational culture at corporate-level and department-level; 2)the career changers have diverse consciousnesses relating to management philosophy; 3)the career changers have diverse consciousnesses relating to innovative organizational culture; 4) the career changers have diverse consciousnesses relating to affective commitment.
  • 理念の源泉とその影響
    野林 晴彦
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 35-50
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study clarifies the management philosophy(manager’s philosophy)of Kaichi Kawakami, former president of Nippon Gakki Co. Ltd., and examines its source, content, and impact. Upon graduating from university, Kaichi Kawakami presented a management philosophy called the “Six Commandments.” The source of these commandments were Christian teachings(religious background), a patriotic desire to contribute to the nation (economics/management thought), and his experiences up to that point. After World War II, Kawakami authored a book, Business and Management. Not only did the management philosophy in this book become the basis of “corporate philosophy,” but also influenced managers across Japan, through its “philosophy of service.” Traditional economic/management thought had centered on the nation; however, perhaps for the first time, the phrase “management philosophy” shifted this focus to the manager.
  • 株主のための会社か、ステークホルダーのための会社か
    林 順一
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 51-64
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Against the backdrop of widening income and asset disparities and rising interest in climate change, discussions on the “purpose of the company” are intensifying mainly in the UK and the US. In these countries, the shareholder primacy approach is being reassessed, with a focus on stakeholders. On the other hand, in Japan, it seems that traditional large corporations are weakening their traditional stakeholder-oriented attitude and moving toward the aforementioned approach, backed by an increase in the shareholding ratio of foreign institutional investors and governance reform of “Abenomics.” How should we capture such seemingly contradictory movements? This study summarises the discussions in the UK and the US, clarifies the points of discussion, and presents suggestions for Japan.
  • 個人の視点からの実証と考察
    本橋 潤子
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 65-77
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In this study, I argue that ethics management contributes to making employees’ work more meaningful. Reviewing previous studies, I focus on the role of supervisors in Japanese organizations to propose several hypotheses about the effect of employees’ ethical orientation and their supervisors’ ethical leadership on employees’ meaningful work compared with their job satisfaction. To verify the hypotheses, I conducted two empirical questionnaire surveys and obtained data comprising(1)2,060 valid responses from Japanese employees via an Internet survey, and(2)796 valid responses from the employees of a Japanese manufacturing organization through an intranet survey. The results of multiple regression analysis demonstrate that although supervisors’ ethical leadership has a positive effect both on employees’ meaningful work and job satisfaction, employees’ ethical orientation has a stronger effect than supervisors’ ethical leadership on employees’ meaningful work. I also discuss the role of supervisors in the context of ethics management.
  • 森田 充, 小方 信幸
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 79-90
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In finance research, the cost of capital is widely recognized as the weighted average cost of equity and the cost of debt. The former cost of equity capital is the rate of return required by capital stock investors and is an important concept. Recently, empirical studies on ESG factors and cost of equity capital have also been seen. However, as far as the authors know, an empirical analysis of the cost of equity capital of SRI fund-adopted stocks has not yet been conducted. In this paper, the authors analyzed the cost of equity capital of SRI fund-adopted stocks and other listed stocks. As a result, it became clear that the companies selected as some SRI fund type have low cost of equity capital. In addition, the results suggest that ESG investment prefers companies that work governance and tackle environmental and social issues. This point is considered to be the contribution of this paper.
  • 経営の正当性に基づいて
    劉 慶紅
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 91-105
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In an effort to maintain a balance between sustainable economic growth, environmental protection, and social stability, China today has developed a political ideology based on prioritizing the solution of social problems rather than focusing solely on pure economic growth. Chinese society has been emphasizing economic growth in the process of nation- building, and the need to address the social problems that have arisen from this emphasis has become self-evident, marking an important turning point in Chinese society. It is essential that Japanese companies operating in China understand these policies in order to gain an advantage in the Chinese market. And while there is no doubt that the rapid changes caused by the above-mentioned ideological shift in Chinese society are risky events for Japanese companies, they also provide an opportunity for Japanese companies to further grow and build a better corporate image in the Chinese market. In this chapter, therefore, we show that under these circumstances, the strategic challenge for Japanese companies entering the Chinese market is not only to secure economic competitiveness, but also to contribute to society for environmental protection and stable social development. To this end, we will examine the actual social contribution activities of Japanese companies in the Chinese market and compare them with those of European and American companies, and identify the problems and challenges for them in the future. Regarding research on Japanese companies in the Chinese market from the perspective of promoting non market strategies, there has been little comparative analysis linking social contribution and the realization of China’s “Harmonious Society”(Socialist Harmonious Society), and this empirical research is one of the few studies that have been conducted.
  • 大学生の購買意欲に基づくCSRの効用に対する量的分析
    杜 雨軒
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 107-130
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In recent years, as an important “Soft Law” for the sustainable development of a company, Corporate Social Responsibility(CSR)has received widespread attention and has become an important indicator for stakeholders to evaluate the company. How to interact consumers’ responses with CSR is a vital topic. Focusing on the automotive and retail industries, the author clarified the positive and negative effects of the prices of corporate products on the purchase intention of university students through a survey regarding the attitudes of undergraduate students who study business administration at Tohoku University toward numerous CSR activities of companies. The data shows that the price is a critical moderator in university students’ purchase intention to CSR initiatives. The scales of the price premium acceptable by consumers on six dimensions of CSR and two industries are varied. This study provides more accurate information about the differences between university students’ purchase intention in structured CSR activities, which will help companies make effective strategic decisions and even enlighten the awareness of ethical consumption in the young consumer group in the future.
研究ノート
論説
  • 経営力に課題はなかったか
    中嶋 康雄
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 191-208
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    It is common knowledge that the Japanese economy has been in a long-term stagnation for the past 10 to 20 years. A company that is to continue its past growth must increase productivity by adding value. Innovation is essential for this. Protracted economic decline is indicative of impaired management capability. Using various data showing corporate activities in the Japanese economy since the beginning of the twenty-first century, I investigate management attitude toward and the decisions made regarding innovation. I find that less creative innovation is consequent to, among others, management indecisiveness in taking risks and complacency in promptly acknowledging the importance of emerging IT or digital technologies. I conclude that there is a lack of proper incentives for technological innovation in information and communication technologies. The results highlight the significance of innovation for companies from the perspective of corporate governance and business ethics.
  • 三鹿、トヨタ、サムソンの中日韓ケース比較を中心に
    翁 炫彬
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 209-224
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Big companies and organizations sometimes suffer from public crises(1) or even scandals in different industries. They are typically vulnerable in recognizing and responding to public crises because of rigid business cultural and complex business structures. Moreover, they could not learn from past failures inside or outside of their industries, and similar scenarios happen repeatedly. China, Japan, and South Korea are recognized as possessing their own long-existing cultures, representing big companies and organizations from these countries that are more likely to stick to their business routines while engaging with resilience-needed business problems. By analyzing the public crisis cases from Toyota, Sanlu, and Samsung Electronics equipped with Turner and Kayes stage model, as the analytical framework of this paper, various reasons contributed to blocking big companies and organizations from resilience are discussed, which are followed by possible remedies for shaping resilient business strategies.
  • TDnet開示資料による不正・不適切事案の分析
    水村 典弘
    2021 年 28 巻 p. 225-250
    発行日: 2021年
    公開日: 2021/12/27
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study examines the impact that corporate fraud has on public companies in Japan. It contains an analysis of 339 cases of occupational fraud that were investigated between April 2015 and March 2020. There are three typical categories of occupational fraud: financial statement fraud, asset misappropriation and improper inspections. Concerning to these frauds, this paper focuses on the problems of(1)the location of the fraud, (2)who committed the fraud,(3)duration of fraud schemes,(4)cost of fraud and(5) fraud detection. The result of the research reveals statistical variability in the contents of disclosure documents provided by the Timely Disclosure Network(TDnet).
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