The purpose of this paper is to identify the attributes that make Japanese corporations targets for ESG investment. The sample is based on a cross section of data from 1,013 Japanese corporations in 2015. A probit regression model is employed. The dependent variable is whether or not the firm is included in one of the three ESG indices: DJSI, FTSE4Good, and MS-SRI. The results show that there are positive correlations
between whether a firm is included in the ESG indices and UNGC participation, as well as GRI application. Awareness of climate change, human rights due diligence, firm size, and debt ratio are also shown to affect whether or not a firm is counted in the ESG indices.
In 2015, an employee working for an advertising agency called Dentsu committed suicide due to
depression caused by her long overtime work. Suicides from overwork called “Karou-Jisatsu” have
been taking place for a long time in Japan. Why Karou- Jisatsu cannot be exterminated? The purpose
of this study is to propose some ethical countermeasures against Karou-Jisatsu by explicating the cause of it. To accomplish these purposes, the author applies the philosophy of Heidegger and the ethics of Aristotle to this problem. Through the analysis with Heidegger’s, philosophy, the author concludes that the cause of Karou-Jisatsu consists in “unauthentic existence” of human（Dasein）and that the establishment of “authentic existence” of it is needed to eliminate Karou-Jisatsu. The study also proposes an improvement in business ethics educations applying the virtue ethics of Aristotle. Finally, this study emphasizes that the determination and cultivation of virtue of
business persons are important to rebut Karou-Jisatsu.
This paper aims to examine the significance of business ethics research focusing on
individuals in organization. In recent years, with the rapid progress of globalization and technological innovation, the influence of a human being is larger than before. In view of this point, it can be said that there is a limit in preventing organization scandals only by the conventional business ethics framework. Based on this understanding, this paper first conforms the contents of conventional norm ethics approach, in particular deontology and utilitarianism, and try to find these problems. In addition, by adding the viewpoint of virtue ethics, we will assert the importance of business ethics research focusing on acting entity rather than act.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the cooperation among homogeneous and heterogeneous organizations through a case study of the social issue about conflict minerals. The case study is examined using the framework of the collective strategy. First, the collective strategy has strong explanatory power as a framework to analyze cooperative action for social issues by organizations. These organizations acting to prevent conflict minerals from being mined, used and sold. Second, the cooperation between organizations occurs in relation to social issues, and the type of the collective strategy shifts as the environment changes. Third, NGOs, industry groups, official facilities and international organizations as well as companies were concerned with decision of collective strategy. It’s notable that the movement private organizations preceded prescribed a movement of public organizations. Finally, cooperation among homogeneous and heterogeneous organizations is important to build the environment.
This research clarified the relationship between CSR communication and changes in CSR company activities by administering questionnaires to employees who understand their company's CSR activities. It also clarified the content of CSR communication that employees consider important and their reasons for recommending procedural just CSR communication. Analyses demonstrated that CSR companies are more aware of the impact of CSR activities and communication on corporate valuation than before. This is especially true for listed companies who more strongly recognize this and actively work on it. Furthermore, CSR companies use CSR communication to respond to the expectations and requests of stakeholders with respect to CSR activities. The content of CSR communication that employees consider important varies depending on the characteristics of the CSR activities. Finally, employees recommend procedural just CSR communication because it avoids risk and benefits stakeholders.
The aim of this research was to discover how often Japanese car dealer shops could satisfy both employees and customers.
The author analyzed the data from 26 Japanese auto dealer shops of a company. Spearman`s rank correlation coefficient between employee satisfaction of each shop and customer satisfaction of each shop was calculated.
Weak correlation was found between employee satisfaction and customer satisfaction. However, the result was not statistically significant. The 95% confident interval included zero.
The author explained the possible reasons why there was no clear connection between employee satisfaction and customer satisfaction, and indicated that there may have been a tradeoff between employee satisfaction and customer satisfaction.
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate some common features of social business and social issues management. First, we compare business view. Yunus has the same view of business with Friedman. They assume a business objective is the maximization of profit. Yunus regards social business objective as resolution of social issues. In management theory, some researchers conclude resolution of social issues is compatible with maximization of profit. Secondly, we identify cases of social business and social issues management. Both
social business and social issues management cooperate with other business corporations and NGOs to resolve social issues. Social business intends to resolve issues as poverty, education, health and the environment. It takes very long time to solve these problems. Business corporations engage in social issues related their stakeholders.
This paper analyzes how the volume of disclosed information and/or impression management in corporate reporting affect companies’ ESG scores, and thus positive screening based on ESG scores by using simulation models. The key findings of this paper are as follows. Firstly, the accuracy rate of positive screening would be significantly affected by the information volume and/or impression management. Secondly, an increase in the number of evaluation items or date points to calculate ESG score seem to provide more multi-dimensional ESG evaluation. However, under the circumstances where the effect of the volume of
disclosed information and/or impression management on ESG evaluation exists, the accuracy rate would not be necessarily improved. Thirdly, introduction and tightening of disclosure regulations would improve the accuracy rate, but its marginal effect is incremental. When practitioners employ ESG scoring based on corporate reporting, they need to consider appropriate measures to eliminate or reduce the negative effects.
The paper examines the values of corporate philanthropy from the perspective of business ethics. It aims to clarify in what way donation is good in the theory of distributive justice. Firstly, the paper shows the brief history of researches on corporate philanthropy. Secondly, it illustrates three approaches to explain the motivation of corporation to philanthropic actions such as religious belief, enlighten-self-interest and
corporate citizenship. It overviews Aristotle's view of distributive justice in Nicomachean ethics, thirdly. Finally, it tries to analyze the values of corporate philanthropy based on his theory of justice.
The paper considers the golden mean of philanthropic actions focusing on the relation between corrective justice and distributive justice. The former evaluates the value of corporate philanthropy based on the outcome and effect of its business, the latter evaluates it based on the character, attributes and position of the person who contributes to charity. The paper concludes that the difference between the two sides comes from arithmetic relationship and proportional relationship with reference to Aristotle's theory of justice.
When I presided compliance administration of a Regional Development Bureau of MLIT（Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport） in 2007, I advocated the idea of “Organizational Health Building” based on my own study, and promoted measures I worked out myself. As a result, a favorable attitude to compliance spread amongst the staﬀ, an unusually high number of internal information reports fell to a normal level, and from that time till now there have been no serious untoward events. This study arises from that empirical evidence, and explains that it is possible to understand the basic nature of compliance management as “Organizational Health Building （OHB）”. This is a risk management procedure requiring comprehensive measures, early detection and quick response. Accordingly, I will make clear a basic strategy concept for practical and eﬀective compliance management.
In 2010, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation developed the Business Ethics for APEC SMEs Initiative. The purpose of the initiative is to promote ethical business practices and level industry playing fields within the 21 economies through the application of the APEC ethical principles.
This study aims to assess（1）the impact of the initiative to date,（2）the positions of the APEC principles, and（3）the implementation of the APEC principles from the medical device and biopharmaceutical sectors perspectives.