This article describes developmental education in the United States. It gives a brief history of how developmental education in higher education evolved into what it is today. It also explains concepts relevant to current developmental education pedagogy. The article concludes with a brief history of the National Association of Developmental Education.
A variety of entrance selections held at National Universities in recent years in Japan has been discussed. With admissions office (AO) selection which was firstly introduced at National Universities in Heisei 12 (2000) academic year's examination, it is very important how to measure suitably the applicant's interests, capabilities, and potentials, and his/her desires to learn at the universities. In the present paper the discussions were focused on the concrete measurement of the whole talents of applicants. The several approaches for the improvements of AO selection held at the present time were also proposed.
Generally, for the student of department of science and engineering, the mathematics subject such as the differential and integral calculus is performed by a face-to-face class in the first year education. However, a clear difference has come to be seen in the basic scholastic ability of student who entered the university by the entrance examination of various forms. Therefore the class method that might be able to make up this scholastic ability has been necessary. In this study, a trial for improving the low level scholastic ability of the student was performed by utilizing e-learning teaching materials. The authors report about the effective teaching method and the practice result in detail.
In this paper, the authors have described the practice of remedial education in English Department in a junior college. We have been giving word tests to all of our students, both first year and second year students, twice a week for a year and a half. One of the difficulties students face when they study English is the shortage of vocabulary. By giving the tests repetitively, students are able to get a larger vocabulary. The cooperation of all the teachers is indispensable to give word tests repetitively. We are successful in that respect and it seems that students have made progress in their ability of English as a whole, not merely in the amount of words they can use or understand.