This paper describes about the date which is one of the attribute items of metadata for the digital archive of costume from 1868 to 1945 in Japan. Even if the date of a picture is not marked, it might be possible to estimate a rough period by hairstyles depicted in the picture. By observing the hairstyles in detail, we found that we could classify them into eight categories, each of which could correspond to eight periods on a timeline from 1868 to 1945, respectively.
This article introduces the current state of museum-collection information cooperation in the United States based on a report by OCLC Research and our site visits in the US. We trace its history and discuss recent trends. The main objective of OCLC Research's effort is to "construct a metadata exchange model for museum-collection information" through a series of procedures involving creation of data sharing tools, data exchange, and data analysis. New innovative effort is under way to standardize cultural heritage information. We also introduce this new effort, with its background, goals and challenges. We then shift our attention to similar projects in Japan with regards to cultural heritage information cooperation and address possibilities and challenges.
In this study, we built and ran a proof of concept experiment based on an name authority file according to international standard specifications for prewar emperors, imperial families, and nobles. Furthermore, through API, we made use of them in Digital Cultural Heritage. Through this proof of concept experiment, the applicants verify the versatility of the authority file for personal names and the usefulness of information when using Digital Cultural Heritage.
When building the authority file, as mentioned above, the authority file for personal names was built in a format according to international standard specifications, which were set out in a previous study. In particular, as with the Emperor and the Imperial Family, some people have multiple names such as posthumous names, titles corresponding to reigning names and hereditary titles. There is a problem with the relationship between the prewar and postwar periods, such as the Imperial era reigning names and the hereditary titles that followed the members of the Imperial Family becoming members of the state before the war and the withdrawal of membership in the Imperial Family after the war.
Upon building the authority file for personal names based on the above point of view, using these authority files we gave some annotations in Digital Cultural Heritage to specify the subject of icons. Through this proof of concept experiment, we examine how to make use of the construction of a Japanese historical personal names authority file with Digital Cultural Heritage.
Today, Advancement of Mobile Technology makes exciting progress. Almost people carry a mobile digital device to get information via the Internet every day. Especially, Smartphone has enough to browse a website like a Personal Computer. There are changes the way of Information reference of us.
Tokyo National Museum developed Smartphone Application "e-Museum" in January 2011. This application provides high-resolution images of national treasures by the four national museums (Tokyo, Kyoto, Nara and Kyushu)
This paper is to report this application development, feature of this application and feedback.