Tours of sea-turtle nests are in demand in Costa Rica. Although egg collection is legally prohibited, the custom of eating seaturtle eggs persists in several coastal regions. A recent investigation has found that a black market for eggs has developed and that the public security of the nesting beach has deteriorated. To resolve this problem, this paper discusses ways in which tourism can contribute to regional peace through the examination of the case of tours of sea-turtle nests. The site of the investigation is a small village in northern Costa Rica that maintains peace by using sea turtles as an ecotourism resource. Through the analysis of the history of conservation and tourism in the village, the manner in which local peace has been achieved is shown.
Recent years it is getting more and more worthy to remark the Tourism Town Development of “conserved and restored traditional settlements type” also in Japan, such as Kyoto, Kanazawa, Hida-Takayama, Tsumago, Nagahama, Kawagoe, Kurashiki etc. These cities and towns have become sufficiently attractive and popular for Japanese tourists as well as inbound tourists from all over the world. Today, this kind of tourism town development is regarded as important as “Creating” or “Developing” literally. This research aimed at clarifying how the cultural landscape of the important and conserved traditional settlement (Jyu-Den-Ken Area) “Kitanomachi-Yamamotodori” in Kobe has been maintained integrity until present day, especially investigating the relevant laws and regulations, also conducting the field survey. Furthermore, the researcher made effort to realize the alternate utilizations of conserved historic and characteristic “European Residences” in Kitano district for the sake of high-quality conservation of this traditional landscape and its tourism development.
In this study, we compared the transition of the concept of “Destination Management” between Japan and overseas through literature review and clarified similarities and differences between them. The results showed that the functions of “destination marketing, branding, and positioning”, “destination planning, monitoring, and evaluation”, “relationship building”, “organizational responsibility, leadership, and partnership” are main common points between Japan and overseas. The differences are the following two points. First, in Japan, for the purpose of sustainable community improvement, the tourism studies incorporated the knowledge of community management within the urban planning and regional planning studies. Meanwhile, overseas it incorporated the knowledge of the business management studies with the purpose of strengthening regional competitiveness. Second, in Japan, the implementing entity of Destination Management is public administration. Meanwhile, overseas, the implementing entity is DMO.
The word “cruise” is over-used in Japan. In Japan, the word “cruise” is used even to the restaurant ships etc. sailing only in the bay area. Recently US based cruise ships started their operation in Japan, which attracted many Japanese people and cruise population in Japan started to grow. As is the case in United States, cruise study in Japan may expand with the rise of the cruise population. It is time, therefore, to discuss about the definition of the word “cruise”. Considering from background of its birth and present situation, I would like to suggest definition of cruise as sightseeing trip visiting various ports and enjoy life on the ship.
This study examined the motivation of Rugby World Cup fans with regard to tourism. Firstly, I developed the Rugby World Cup tourist motivation scales which consist of self-development, destination learning, gourmet dining, nature, prestige, kinships, relaxation, and shopping. Secondly, I compared the motivation factors of the Rugby World Cup 2011 New Zealand fan tourists and those of the Rugby World Cup 2015 England fan tourists. The results show significant differences in terms of such factors as self-development, gourmet dining, kinship, relaxation and shopping and also have implications for international tourist marketing managers from the perspective of sports tourism.
The overseas educational tours, overseas study tours and study abroad programs organized by school entities are on the increase in accordance with educational globalization. Accordingly, the problems of the educational tours, injury, sickness, accidents and incidents etc. also might be estimated increasing these days. It is of most importance to offer safety to students participating overseas study tours and study abroad programs. It is to be proved that the obligation of safety by travel companies has not been highly respected due to the less standardization of the the Japanese Travel Act. To get the Japanese Travel Act reinforced by the Japanese Travel Conditions more standardized and utilize affordable features of the new B2B Conditions is to enforce higher level of obligation of safety for stakeholders such as school entities and their faculty staff, travel companies and their employees, students and their guardians and schools overseas, which will hopefully bring much safer overseas educational tours.
In the case of revitalizing the region through sightseeing promotion, the sixth industrialization of agriculture is an important factor for producing tourism resources. Smooth financing is necessary for this sixth industrialization of agriculture. We propose to utilize Asset Based Lending (ABL) which is a movable loan / collateral loan as tourism finance to make agricultural sixth industry.
In this study, which focuses on the migration of young people into the central area of Onomichi City, which symbolizes the energy of the city, we investigated (1) the whole scheme and mechanism of such migration, (2) the significance of building a human-scale city as successor of a commercial city with 850 years of prosperous history, tradition, and culture, and (3) modeling the migration mechanism in terms of laws concerning inheritance, promotion, and urban planning and the possibility of spreading this model to other regions.
The findings of this study showed that young people had settled into the hilly area of Onomichi City, verifying the significance of building a human-scale city, that is, building a practical tourist-friendly destination that values migration and the everyday life of residents. Our findings also showed that the laws of inheritance, promotion, and urban planning are implemented in Kamiyama in Tokushima Prefecture, which has successfully attracted many satellite office projects, and in Sasayama City in Hyogo Prefecture, which is famous for the renovation of old houses, verifying the adaptability of the model. This suggests that the model can be introduced to other regions.
According to the questionnaire survey, industry-academic mismatches in tourism human resource development are caused by differences in hierarchy of work assumed by each. In other words, the talent that the tourism industry considers necessary is the staff at the time of recruitment, and on the contrary, the university provides necessary education for managers. Previously, we had educated employees through a Japanese-style human resource development model called OJT. However, in the future, collaboration between industry and academia is the construction of medium- and long-term training models to nurture tourism human resources and the role sharing of industry and academia.
Hospitality and tourism service firms need to consider yield management to maximize the revenue of their business. This study aims to examine the effects of discount tickets which are distributed at ski resorts from yield management perspective. The authors set three research questions; 1) Are discount tickets being used more frequently during off-peak season than peak season? 2) Are there any correlations between amount of using discount tickets and service usage level at ski resorts? 3) Do various price settings of discount tickets contribute to increased revenue? The results show that discount tickets are used more frequently during peak season than off-peak season. At the same time, the results suggest that distributing discount tickets at off-peak season are playing the important role of generating revenue. Additionally, settings of various discount pricing have the possibility of an improvement in earnings.
In 2013, China suggested the ‘One Belt, One Road' initiative which consists of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. This study conducted a SWOT analysis examining the strategy of the Chinese government to attract Japanese and Korean tourists in the Silk Road tourism. The analysis implicated four possible points to better attract tourists from Japan and Korea. Local governments in China should cooperate with local governments of Japan and Korea to develop tourism products that utilize storytelling concepts. In addition, the Chinese government should strengthen connectivity between Japan, Korea and China with the theme of Silk Road culture and build partnerships beyond the political and diplomatic conflict between the nations. The Chinese government may also promote the Silk Road tourism by investing in infrastructure to organize a transportation network for both Korean and Japanese local governments. Furthermore, the Chinese government should strengthen the network from an economic point of view and reduce threat elements. From these points, utilizing international organizations joined by local governments in Japan, Korea and China is the most effective way in order to conduct the SWOT strategies aforementioned.
The number of cruise ship callings from China has been rapidly increasing. While there are merits to the ports of call, some new issues have arisen. The purpose of this paper is to point out the problems of duty-free shops and sightseeing spots related to tourist tours and to indicate suggestions for resolving them. Field surveys at the ports of Hakata, Nagasaki and Naha, where many cruise ships call, revealed the following: 1) facilities for large-scale ships have been prepared; 2) group bus tours have increased more than individual trips. These findings indicate the need to establish large-scale commercial facilities close to the harbor. Further details will be discussed in the paper.
Evaluation of tourism is usually done by the economic effect based on the number of tourists and their consumption amount. On the other hand, tourism evaluation depends on the subjectivity of individual tourists. This study is the analysis of the results of the survey carried out in developing LVI (Land Value Index). The survey was conducted for prefectures in 2011 under the purpose to catch their conscious of tourism resources.
Currently in Japan, the market share of LCC of international air seat capacity is around 20%. Constraint that LCCs suffer from is their maximum flying range of current small-sized aircraft, such as A320ceo. If this could be increased, LCC could come into direct competition for routes currently operated by larger aircraft. To overcome this problem, the A320neo has been specifically designed to fly greater distances due to improved technical superiority. The purpose of this study is to preliminarily investigate the feasibility of A320neo in operating new international air routes and their accompanying potential new destinations to and from Japan. The author identified new routes which could be operated by A320neo through calculation measure of great circle distance. The results in this study clearly show that there is a potential for the A320neo to offer new routes for Japan, particularly from South East Asian destinations.
Tokyo chosen to host the 2020 Olympic Games, there has been an increasing interest in sports tourism as a source for generating new demand in overall tourism to Japan. However, currently we have not seen what we could call an exemplary model for success domestically thus far. What is the important factor to succeed in sports tourism? Based on the research and analysis of the success of Honolulu Marathon, which has been annually drawn over 10,000 Japanese participants for 45 years, we hope to contribute to the development of sports tourism in Japan by finding a core competency that will produce sustainable value in this field.
In 2015, the Japanese government launched a programme that aims to enhance the performance of destination organisations. Within the programme, the concept of destination marketing and/or management organisations (DMOs), which has been developed mainly in the Western countries, was introduced. Destination organisations can apply to be registered as DMO candidate organisations. Candidate organisations, which are categorised as municipal, inter-municipal, or inter-prefectural levels, disclose their income performance when they apply to the programme. This study provides an example of how DMOs manage local communities. Using income data from municipal and inter-municipal DMO candidate organisations in Kyushu, we discuss the optimal income ratio, the role of partnership platforms/initiatives, and the contribution to sustainable management through commercial income. In addition, the Tamana DMO in Kumamoto Prefecture is used to explore how DMOs can enhance engagement with local communities. We conclude with a discussion of the meaning of ‘M' within DMOs and their functions.