[Background] In Japan and Thailand, problems of physical or mental health conditions, underweight, and overweight have increased, and more people are unable to estimate the appropriate body shape. Maintaining an appropriate weight is important, and personal goal-setting, motivation, and lifestyle are particularly essential to achieve it. This study examined the relationship between physical health status, such as fatigue or stress, and BMI or mental health condition among Japanese and Thai students. [Methods] A total of 189 (108 male and 81 female) and 179 (38 male and 141 female) Japanese and Thai pharmacy students, respectively, were included as participants. A survey questionnaire was used to gather data on the participants' age, gender, weight, height, physical and mental health status, ideal body image (weight and height), health consciousness, and degree of sleep satisfaction. [Results] The desire to lose weight was higher in female than in male students in Japan. However, no significant difference was found between BMI and degree of fatigue or stress among Japanese and Thai students. Meanwhile, a significant difference between sleep satisfaction and mental health status was found among these populations. [Conclusion] Positivity factors were thought to be associated with good physical status, sleep satisfaction, and reduced fatigue or stress. Young people need to be educated on health consciousness so that they can maintain an ideal body image and a good mental health status.
The purpose of this research is to obtain knowledges of promoting a motivation of a patient with disabilities in the prime of his life. The subject is an inpatient (a 40-year-old man) working on physical therapy actively and voluntarily. The method is based on the interpretative phenomenological analysis. We interviewed him about the reasons for his active and voluntary working on physical therapy, and analyzed the data from the perspective of his motivation. The results suggested nine points of view on his motivation: therapy for a limited period of a half year, the presence of family and wife, pride as a man, the ability to change pain into motivation, his relationship to people involved in his hospitalization and so on. We conclude that it is important to take such factors into consideration as therapists' appropriate talking to patients, consideration for their feelings and adaptation to each situation in enhancing patients' motivation.
This study aims to verify the reproducibility and validity of a new scale, Rhombus Test (RT), to assess the dynamic balance function among the elderly women with care needs. The RT and following physical performance indices were implemented among 29 elderly women: one-leg standing time, Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), 5-m fastest walking time, and 30-sec chair stand test (CS-30). To test the reproducibility of the RT, 20 participants performed the RT twice on the same day. The intra-class correlation coefficients were >0.9, suggesting the excellent reproducibility of the RT. Moderate significant correlation coefficients ranging from 0.42–0.59 were obtained for the RT and four physical performance indices (one-leg standing time, TUG, 5-m fastest walking speed, and CS-30). These results suggest that the RT has high reproducibility and validity. In conclusion, the RT is considered suitable for the evaluation of the dynamic balance function in the elderly women with care needs.
Introduction: The present study aimed to stratify the target students based on their scores from a mock version of the National Physical Therapy Examination, examining the self-learning quantity for each cluster and examined the support required. Methods: The subjects were 54 fourth-year students in the physical therapy department. Subjects were stratified by hierarchical cluster analysis, and self-learning quantity was compared among the obtained clusters. Results: Based on the analysis, subjects were classified into five groups, with significant differences in self-learning quantity and learning time between groups. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified the cluster with low academic performance as being in the first year. Discussion: It is necessary to adjust the teaching method to suit the characteristics of each cluster. Furthermore, because the cluster with low academic performance likely had difficulty making progress with self-learning, it is essential to use a multi-faceted teaching approach, such as by instilling an appropriate attitude toward learning when students first enter school.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in quadriceps muscle activity between front bridges with and without upper limb support while using the distal tibia as a fulcrum. Participants were 13 healthy university students. Surface electromyography was recorded at the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis oblique, and weightbearing load on the distal tibia was measured. Statistical analysis was performed using paired t-test. Quadriceps activity during front bridges was significantly higher without upper limb support than with upper limb support (p<0.01), while weightbearing load on the distal tibia during front bridges was significantly lower without upper limb support than with upper limb support (p<0.01). These results suggest that front bridges without upper limb support are more effective in strengthening the quadriceps muscle.