Social and Economic Systems Studies: The Journal of the Japan Association for Social and Economic Systems Studies
Online ISSN : 2432-6550
Print ISSN : 0913-5472
Volume 6
Showing 1-35 articles out of 35 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Index
    1988 Volume 6 Pages Toc1-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Satoru TUJI
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 1-9
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    In this paper, based on experience as psychiatrist, a set of models are proposed which enable us to understand the process through which human being is to encounter a communication barrier and to secure remedy for it.The overwhelming experience model explains the process as follows.Any human being, when experienced a overwhelming event, 1)tries to eliminate it as he can not assimilate it, and, is deprived of the sence of being normal as he experiences it as something that cannot be(principle of experience heterogenization and consciousness of being left out), and 2)finds difficulty in acting subjectively as he is strongly apprehensive of the reliability upon himself because of the experience (principle of retreat of subjectivity).It says that he gets well when he can rid himself of the rule of these principles, but, when unable to do so by himself, he needs some help from someone who knows these well through the personal mutual relationship (including communication).The observational data say that the degree of liability and the way to be overwhelmed is different when one differs, and the development model explains the difference.According to this model, any human being, during his grownup process, acquires a mental power to discriminate one thing from the other and to compound the different things into a unified whole, and the difference of the degree of the formation of this power offers the explanation.It is inferred from the above that this mental power to discriminate and to compound makes it possible for human beings to communicate, and the cure is possible when the sufferer have this power.But, for the time being, it is not clear how one acquires this power.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 10-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Yohji KIMURA
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 11-15
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Understanding the other person completely results in boredom since there will be no transfer of actual'information'thereafter between the two systems of consciousness.In order to avoid boredom in human exchange, some techniques of communication are needed to generate ceaselessly new information which will give the sense of 'wonder'to receiver.'Difficulty of style'or abstruseness is one of this technique to keep the sense of edification through the unending process of interpretation.Seclusion of the source of information such as holy books or saints from the secular world is the other method.Disclosure of the information should be restrited to very special occasions so that the negentropy('mana')will not be exhausted.The praise for 'mutual understanding'and equality in the ideology of modern humanism, reducing differences and mysteriousness of the other, seems to add boredom in various scenes of human communication.The logico-structural relationships between the diametrical sub-worlds on the 'Tetrahedron model of the symbolic universe'(presented by the author in Sociology of Laughter, Sekaisisosha, 1983)are discussed in terms of mutual misunderstaning and reification.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 15-16
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 17-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Keiko NAKAYAMA
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 18-21
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Now, we have a critical dissension about the changing patterns of modern industrial society.A certain standpoint is to judge the coming society to be different system, such as post-industrial society.The other is to judge the trend of modern industrial society to be continuous process of industrialization.This difference comes primarily from the aspect of the society on which they concentrate their argument.In this paper, I intend to discuss the particular aspect, high informationized society.In affluence of information, people will be exposed to information sources directly.They have to make decisions without any integrated screening system.The objectives of this paper are:(1)To clarify:a)the information conflict type and the methods of information accession of actors(individuals and social systems)in high informationized society;and b)the structure of information processing of actors.(2)To determine relationships among the variables mentioned above in item(1);variables such as personality traits(values, internalized norms, type of self-control, educability, etc.);the socialization process behind personality traits;and cultural background.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 21-22
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 23-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Masaki KUSAKA
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 24-27
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    In this paper, the arrangement of communication spaces mainly is disscussed.Details are as follows;(1)understanding the transition of three factors of communication in Western Europe and Japan, namely the relation between communicator and communicatee, the contents of communication message, and the communication spaces, (2)analysing various factors that affect opening communication and its deepenning, (3)pigeonholing the situation of communication at present Japan, (4)proposing the arrangement of communication spaces.As regarding (4), it is important to arrange various communication spaces meeting the demand of time and places so that people can communicate easily and closely, and 'Plaza'is the best space to fulfill these conditions.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 28-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 29-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Yoshiyuki SATOH
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 30-34
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    It has been the logic of industry that has led Japan to the advanced industrized society.The high economic growth on the logic of industry has brought the radical change of the social structure in Japan in which most Japanese have been privatized and lost social integration of everyday life.The privatization of life is possible only when our everyday life is dependent upon market and bureaucracy systems.One of the most important problems in contemporary Japan is that the development of industry has been made at the cost of social life world.In encounter with the crises as results of the economic growth, such as the crises of ecological system and social solidality, there have appeared the social movements which search for an alternative society that will be built on the logic of life.We are studying one of such social movements.It is "Seikatu-club"consumers'cooperative.The fundamental principle which the members run the cooperative is the communicative action.The action differs from the purpose-rational action based on the dualism of subject-object and the end-means scheme.The effectiveness of the communicative action is to control the purpose-rational action by creating and sharing the intersubjective meaning among the members who take part in discourse on themes concerning every day life.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 34-35
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 36-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Minoru RYOKE
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 37-42
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    The troubles around the social discrimination are complicated by the fact that between the two parties of that trouble there is no understanding without realizing it.An opinion poll on the people's attitude to "Dowa Problem"was conducted by government.It included a question about people's attitudes to the solution of "Dowa Problem".The pre-coded 6 alternative answers to this question are:1.As this is the problem of "Dowa districts", we have nothing to do with it.2.As we have nothing to do with it, let things take their course.3.Though we have nothing to do with this problem, there is nothing for it but to be solved by someone else.4.As this is a problem concerning the basic human rights, we, as a citizen, must do something to resolve it.5.We have never considered it.6.All the rest.Concerning the evaluation of this poll, Prof.Yokoshima, one commission of the Chiiki Kaizen Taisaku Committee, says that the statistical ratio 43.1% of the 4th alternative shows that Dowa Problem has already become widely understood, and that it is the results of Dowa Taisaku, but we can conclude from the structure of answers that 6 alternatives are classified into only one answer;namely."Dowa Problem"has already been settled.Such a misunderstanding is caused by lack of a common frame of reference to define "social discrimination", which is made of two axes:one is made of actors, the other made of a field of action.In the most formal meaning, "social discrimination"is defined as such a fact that one party has an effect on the other party not to participate in is own society.In this case, society is a space experienced by actors, and its devided into three dimensions;social relation, social group, and total society.The social group to make a total society as a total society is called a state.Social discommunication is caused by taking one level of dimension for other level.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 42-43
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 44-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Akira ODA
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 45-50
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    The most important goal of the modern corporation is to achieve great results.The accomplishment of this goal depends on a lot of conditions.Especially the labor-management relation is very important.Whether it is satisfying or not depends on the communication between worker-and management-groups, which is closely related with the system of the firm(decision system).For this reason we examine the conditions of the decision system under which the communication comes to function well.As the object of this examination we take "codetermination system"in West Germany and "joint labor management coference system"in Japan.And we make clear that these two systems are good for the communication between worker-and management-groups.Finally we want to point out that the combination of these two system is more satisfying and more important for the communication between the two groups.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 51-52
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Masami NISHIKADO
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 53-57
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper aims to clarify some problems brought on consumer by behavior of firm with information network system in society.Information of large quantity and high quality, especially prompt and correct information in other words, influences results of firm.So, firms strive to gain useful information through new media from many directions and to offer information favorable to firms for consumers in order to excute their business succesfully.As the effect of such behavior of firm consumers are induced to a direction given by information from the firm, and firms waste social resources by needless advertisement or expenses in this process.This comes from behaviors of the firm always expected larger profit, and consumers have not means to oppose them.On these problems we must examine from not economical but social point of view for helthy development of society in futur.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 57-59
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Norio OBATA
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 60-65
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    The human behavior is related to the environment semantically.The environment has the dual goods, namely physical goods and information goods.Therefore, in the management of conflicts on the environment development, it is important to coordinate the value of information from the environment.Regarding information goods as important, we have to recognize that the environment is not only public goods, but club goods.The process of plan formulation functions the system to combine club goods.We analyze the dynamics of group interests by simulation game that is an experimental communication tool, to simulate the process of combining meanings of information as club goods.The results of our study seem to indicate the validity of the simulation game as an important aid to comprehensive environmental management planning.But, in case of not indicating the rational bases, we have to search for the forcal point that is a tacit understanding between the two of them, and expand communication channels.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 66-67
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Hisao ONOE
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 68-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 68-70
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Download PDF (362K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 70-72
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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    Download PDF (364K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 72-74
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 74-77
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Hiroshi TAKEBAYASHI
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 78-
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 78-80
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 80-81
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 81-83
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 83-85
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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  • Type: Article
    1988 Volume 6 Pages 85-93
    Published: October 25, 1988
    Released: July 28, 2017
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