Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Online ISSN : 1880-5086
Print ISSN : 0912-0009
ISSN-L : 0912-0009
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Showing 1-19 articles out of 19 articles from the selected issue
Protocol Article
  • Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Hanako Nakajima, Shinnosuke Hata, Tomoki Miyoshi, ...
    Type: Protocol Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 223-227
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 30, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Metformin is associated with risks of gastrointestinal complications in patients with type 2 diabetes. In contrast, probiotic Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 (BBG9-1) could improve the symptoms of diarrhea caused by metformin in animal models. Thus, the primary outcome of this study will be the effect of the probiotic BBG9-1 on gastrointestinal symptoms, including diarrhea, in patients with type 2 diabetes who use metformin. This open-label, single-arm, and exploratory study will examine 40 patients with type 2 diabetes who use metformin and have symptoms of constipation or diarrhea. After the baseline examination (objective 1), patients will be administered probiotic BBG9-1 for 10 ± 2 weeks. Then, examinations will be performed (objective 2). The primary outcome will be changes in the symptoms of constipation or diarrhea from objective 1 to objective 2. Secondary outcomes will include changes in gut microbiota, and correlations between changes in fecal properties and biomarkers, including HbA1c level and body mass index. This is the first study to investigate the effect of probiotic BBG9-1 on the change in the symptom of constipation or diarrhea in patients with type 2 diabetes who use metformin.

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Original Articles
  • Tomonori Soyama, Hiroshi Masutani, Cristiane Lumi Hirata, Eri Iwai-Kan ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 228-231
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: April 09, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Thioredoxin is a low molecular weight (approximately 12 kDa) redox protein, and protects against harmful stimuli such as oxidative stress. Smoking evokes oxidative stress, among other biological responses. The clinical relevance of thioredoxin in smoking has not been fully investigated. Here, we examined the effects of smoking on serum and urinary thioredoxin levels, in comparison with various stress markers. Serum thioredoxin levels in the smoking group (10 subjects) were significantly higher than those of the non-smoking group (5 subjects). After smoking, serum thioredoxin levels significantly decreased, while urinary levels significantly increased. On the other hand, the levels of serum and salivary cortisol, plasma norepinephrine, salivary amylase, salivary thioredoxin, and urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels before and after smoking were not significantly different. These results suggest that a decrease in thioredoxin in the serum and the concomitant increase in the urine is a novel sensitive marker of biological stress responses induced by smoking. The change seems to be evoked by mechanisms different from hormonal or 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine-forming stress responses.

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  • Tetsuo Adachi, Yumiko Matsuda, Rika Ishii, Tetsuro Kamiya, Hirokazu Ha ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 232-239
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: April 09, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Non-thermal plasma (NTP) is applicable to living cells and has emerged as a novel technology for cancer therapy. NTP affect cells not only by direct irradiation, but also by an indirect treatment with previously prepared plasma-activated liquid. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have the potential to enhance susceptibility to anticancer drugs and radiation because these reagents decondense the compact chromatin structure by neutralizing the positive charge of the histone tail. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the advantage of the combined application of plasma-activated acetated Ringer’s solution (PAA) and HDAC inhibitors on A549 cancer cells. PAA maintained its ability for at least 1 week stored at any temperature tested. Cell death was enhanced more by combined regimens of PAA and HDAC inhibitors, such as trichostatin A (TSA) and valproic acid (VPA), than by a single PAA treatment and was accompanied by ROS production, DNA breaks, and mitochondria dysfunction through a caspase-independent pathway. These phenomena induced the depletion of ATP and elevations in intracellular calcium concentrations. The sensitivities of HaCaT cells as normal cells to PAA were less than that of A549 cells. These results suggest that HDAC inhibitors synergistically induce the sensitivity of cancer cells to PAA.

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  • Masaki Fujimoto, Tomoki Bo, Kumiko Yamamoto, Hironobu Yasui, Tohru Yam ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 240-247
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: April 09, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Mitotic catastrophe is a form of cell death linked to aberrant mitosis caused by improper or uncoordinated mitotic progression. Abnormal centrosome amplification and mitotic catastrophe occur simultaneously, and some cells with amplified centrosomes enter aberrant mitosis, but it is not clear whether abnormal centrosome amplification triggers mitotic catastrophe. Here, to investigate whether radiation-induced abnormal centrosome amplification is essential for induction of radiation-induced mitotic catastrophe, centrinone-B, a highly selective inhibitor of polo-like kinase 4, was utilized to inhibit centrosome amplification, since polo-like kinase 4 is an essential kinase in centrosome duplication. When human cervical tumor HeLa cells and murine mammary tumor EMT6 cells were irradiated with 2.5 Gy of X-rays, cells with morphological features of mitotic catastrophe and the number of cells having >2 centrosomes increased in both cell lines. Although centrinone-B significantly inhibited radiation-induced abnormal centrosome amplification in both cell lines, such treatment did not change cell growth and significantly enhanced mitotic catastrophe in HeLa cells exposed to X-rays. In contrast, inhibition of centrosome amplification reduced cell growth and mitotic catastrophe in EMT6 cells exposed to X-rays. These results indicated that the role of radiation-induced abnormal centrosome amplification in radiation-induced mitotic catastrophe changes, depending on the cell type.

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  • Jong Min Park, Jeong Min An, Young Min Han, Young Joon Surh, Sun Jin H ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 248-256
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 30, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The health beneficial effects of walnut plentiful of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid had been attributed to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties against various clinical diseases. Since we have published Fat-1 transgenic mice overexpressing 3-desaturase significantly mitigated Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated gastric pathologies including rejuvenation of chronic atrophic gastritis and prevention of gastric cancer, in this study, we have explored the underlying molecular mechanisms of walnut against H. pylori infection. Fresh walnut polyphenol extracts (WPE) were found to suppress the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) induced by H. pylori infection in RGM-1 gastric mucosal cells. Notably, H. pylori infection significantly decreased suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1), but WPE induced expression of SOCS1, by which the suppressive effect of walnut extracts on STAT3Tyr705 phosphorylation was not seen in SOCS1 KO cells. WPE induced significantly increased nuclear translocation nuclear translocation of PPAR-γ in RGM1 cells, by which PPAR-γ KO inhibited transcription of SOCS1 and suppressive effect of WPE on p-STAT3Tyr705 was not seen. WPE inhibited the expression of c-Myc and IL-6/IL-6R signaling, which was attenuated in the RGM1 cells harboring SOCS1 specific siRNA. Conclusively, WPE inhibits H. pylori-induced STAT3 phosphorylation in a PPAR-γ and SOCS1-dependent manner.

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  • Sonoko Yoshihiro, Takuya Ishigaki, Hayato Ookurano, Fumi Yoshitomi, Ta ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 257-262
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: July 10, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Oxidative damage results in protein modification and is observed in many diseases, such as heart failure and renal insufficiency. Human serum albumin is an index of oxidative change and is conventionally measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Although this method is more sensitive than the colorimetric method, it is time-consuming for clinical practice and the sera must be stored at –80°C before analysis. To overcome these limitations, in the present study we developed a new reagent for a more rapid and convenient quantification of oxidative stress, involving determination of the ratio of human nonmercaptalbumin to total albumin using a colorimetric method with bromocresol purple. The clinical utility of the developed reagent was confirmed by demonstrating the consistently higher oxidative stress levels in dialysis patients than in healthy control subjects, matching the results of the conventional HPLC method. This novel approach could be a valuable tool for immediate estimation of the state of oxidative stress during the course of disease and treatment, and could aid clinical treatment decisions.

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  • Young-Min Han, Eun A Kang, Jong Min Park, Ji Young Oh, Dong Yoon Lee, ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 263-273
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 17, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Kimchi is composed of various chemopreventive phytochemicals and profuse probiotics, defining kimchi as probiotic foods. Concerns had increased on the modulation of intestinal microbiota on various kinds of systemic diseases. Under the hypothesis that dietary intake of kimchi can be ideal intervention for either ameliorating colitis or preventing colitic cancer, we performed the study to validate the efficolitic cancery of fermented kimchi on preventing colitic cancer. Using azoxymethane-initiated and dextran sulfate sodium-promoted colitic cancer models, we have administrated fermented or non-fermented kimchi to modulate colitic cancer preemptively. Detailed molecular mechanisms were explored. Preemptive administration of fermented kimchi significantly afforded colitic cancer prevention through attenuating inflammasomes (IL-18, IL-1β, caspase-1), enhancing antioxidative (NQO1, GST-π), imposing anti-proliferative (Bax, caspase-3, β-catenin), and affording cytoprotective actions (HSP70, 15-PGDH), while non-fermented kimchi did not prevent colitic cancer. Special recipe cancer preventive kimchi (cpkimchi) was more effective compared to standard recipe fermented kimchi (p<0.01), while non-fermented kimchi (kimuchi) worsened colitic cancer development, telling the importance of fermentation in cancer prevention. Repression of NF-kB p65, induction of tumor suppressive 15-PGDH, and inactivation of ERK1/2 by cpkimchi contributed to colitic cancer prevention. Dietary intake of cpkimchi ameliorated colitis and prevented colitic cancer via concerted anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and anti-mutagenic actions.

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  • Ryo Sasaki, Taro Takami, Koichi Fujisawa, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Tsuyosh ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 274-282
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 30, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The incidence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-related liver cirrhosis is increasing. We used a steatohepatitis murine model fed a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet with a single injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) to evaluate the efficacy of trans-portal hepatic infusion of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for liver fibrosis, liver steatosis, and oxidative stress. Mice were fed a CDAA diet and injected with a single intraperitoneal dose of CCl4 (0.5 ml/kg) after 4 weeks of CDAA diet. After 12 weeks of CDAA diet, 1 × 106 luciferase-positive syngeneic BMSCs (Luc-BMSCs) were infused into the animal spleen. An in vivo imaging system was used to confirm Luc-BMSC accumulation in the liver via the portal vein, and at 4 weeks after infusion, we compared liver fibrosis, liver steatosis, and oxidative stress. After the BMSC-infusion, serum albumin and serum total bilirubin were significantly improved. Liver fibrosis assessed by Sirius red staining, α-smooth muscle actin protein, and collagen 1A1 mRNA expression was significantly suppressed. Furthermore, liver steatosis area was significantly lower, the 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine-positive cells were significantly fewer, and superoxide dismutase 2 protein expression of the liver was significantly increased. In conclusion, our data confirmed the efficacy of trans-portal hepatic infusion of BMSCs in a steatohepatitis murine model.

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  • Mariko Tani, Sarasa Tanaka, Kana Takamiya, Yoji Kato, Gaku Harata, Fan ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 283-289
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: August 06, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Vascular calcification progresses under hyperphosphatemia, and represents a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We recently indicated that phosphorus (P) fluctuations also exacerbated vascular calcification in early-stage CKD rats. Dietary fiber intake is reportedly associated with cardiovascular risk. This study investigated the effects of dietary fiber on vascular calcification by repeated P fluctuations in early-stage CKD rats. Unilateral nephrectomy rats were used as an early-stage CKD model. For 36 days, a P fluctuation (LH) group was fed low-P (0.02% P) and high-P (1.2% P) diets alternating every 2 days, and a P fluctuation with dietary fiber intake (LH + F) group was fed low-P and high-P diets containing dietary fiber alternating every 2 days. The effect on vascular calcification was measured calcium content. Effects on uremic toxin were measured levels of indoxyl sulfate (IS) and investigated gut microbiota. The LH + F group showed significantly reduced vessel calcium content compared to the LH group. Further, dietary fiber inhibited increases in blood levels of IS after intake of high-P diet, and decreased uremic toxin-producing intestinal bacteria. Dietary fiber may help suppress progression of vascular calcification due to repeated P fluctuations in early-stage CKD rats by decreasing uremic toxin-producing intestinal bacteria.

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  • Jang Soo Yook, Jae-Jun Kwak, Woo-Min Jeong, Young Hoon Song, Yasuaki H ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 290-296
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: October 10, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    This study investigated the effects of a drink supplement containing Momordica charantia extract from bitter melon on physical fitness and levels of stress hormones during a four-week exercise training program in a hot environment. Ten male tennis players were orally administrated in a four-week (100 ml, 6 times a day), and the pre- and post-supplementation levels of different physical fitness variables and cortisol, and adrenocorticotropic hormone in plasma were measured at four time-points—before (baseline), during, and after the exercise, and on the next day of the supplementation. The findings showed that the supplementation has significant positive effects on enhancement of physical fitness parameters especially balance (d = 22.10, p = 0.013), flexibility (d = 4.83, p = 0.015), and cardiorespiratory fitness (d = 10.00, p = 0.030). Moreover, the adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were reduced during the exercise, and the cortisol levels showed the decreasing trend during and after the exercise, which was correlated with the change of cardiorespiratory fitness (r = 0.65, p<0.05). These results indicated the possible adaptogenic effects of Momordica charantia extract intake. Based on the findings, we suggest that Momordica charantia could be used as a source of adaptogenic supplement to alleviate the exercise- and environment-induced stress.

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  • Avraham Zini, Jonathan Mann, Sigal Mazor, Yuval Vered
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 297-301
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: July 31, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term efficacy of aged garlic extract to improve periodontitis. Two hundred and one participants were randomly stratified and assigned equally to the regimen group or the control group. At the start, 12 month, and 18 month subjects received dental examination and periodontal evaluation. Probing Pocket Depth and Gingival Recession were examined. For each efficacy parameter, the mean value of examination was calculated and assessed using paired-difference t tests. Statistical tests were two-sided using a 5% significance level. The mean value of pocket depth for the aged garlic extract group at 18 month was 1.06 ± 0.49 as compared to the baseline value of 1.89 ± 0.74 (p<0.001) and the corresponding value of 1.50 ± 0.46 for the placebo group (p<0.001), indicating the beneficial effect of aged garlic extract on periodontitis. According to a Multiple linear regression analysis the only three variables which reached statistical significance as predictors of PPD level were the baseline PPD scores (p<0.001), smoking (p = 0.020), and consumption of daily dose of aged garlic extract (p<0.001). These results demonstrated that aged garlic extract is an effective supplement for preventing or improving periodontal disease. The well demonstrated benefits of aged garlic extract for the oral disease may also be used as a means to improve general health because of the close relationship between periodontitis and some systemic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and others.

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  • Ayako Matsuo, Ayako Takamori, Futoshi Kawaura, Yasunari Iwanaga, Hitom ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 302-306
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: July 31, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The present study aimed to reveal; i) risk for prolonged hospitalization and mortality in aged community acquired pneumonia patients, and ii) whether swallowing ability was related to re-hospitalization. The present retrospective study included 92 patients older than 75 years hospitalized with community acquired pneumonia in Takagi Hospital between April 2017 and March 2018. The patients were classified into 3 groups; discharged within 17 days (group I): hospitalized more than 18 days (group II): died during the hospitalization (group III). Swallowing ability was evaluated if available. Univariate analysis indicated males and body mass index (BMI) in group I (n = 24) were higher than group II (n = 46). Group III (n = 22) had low serum albumin, low BMI, and severe disease progression compared with group I. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that group II BMI was lower than group I [odds ratio (OR) = 1.18, p = 0.042]. Group III had lower serum albumin level compared with group I (OR = 81.01, p = 0.025). Diabetes mellitus (p = 0.009), but not swallowing disability, was risk for readmission. Malnutrition represented by low albumin enhanced mortality rate in the pneumonia patients, and low BMI and diabetes mellitus might increase the pneumonia risk.

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  • Takahiro Sekikawa, Yuki Kizawa, Yanmei Li, Tsuyoshi Takara
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 307-316
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 19, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    We examined the effects of the mixed ingestion of astaxanthin derived from Haematococcus pluvialis and tocotrienols on the cognitive function of healthy Japanese adults who feel a memory decline. Forty-four subjects were randomly but equally assigned to the astaxanthin-tocotrienols or placebo group. An astaxanthin-tocotrienols or placebo capsule was taken once daily before or after breakfast for a 12-week intervention period. The primary outcome was composite memory from the Cognitrax cognitive test, and the secondary outcomes were other cognitive functions and subjective symptoms for memory. Each group included 18 subjects in the efficacy analysis (astaxanthin-tocotrienols group, 55.4 ± 7.9 years; placebo group, 54.6 ± 6.9 years). The astaxanthin-tocotrienols group showed a significant improvement in composite memory and verbal memory in Cognitrax at Δ12 weeks compared with the placebo group. Additionally, the astaxanthin-tocotrienols group showed a significant improvement in the subjective symptom of ”During the last week, have you had trouble remembering people’s names or the names of things?” compared with the placebo group after 12 weeks. No adverse events were observed in this study. The results demonstrated that taking an astaxanthin-tocotrienols combination improves the composite memory and verbal memory of Japanese adults who feel a memory decline (UMIN 000031758).

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  • Koji Otani, Toshio Watanabe, Satoshi Kosaka, Yuji Matsumoto, Akinobu N ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 317-322
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: May 08, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Subjects with a high-negative titer (3–9.9 U/ml) of serum anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibody represent a heterogeneous group of currently H. pylori-infected, H. pylori-uninfected, and previously H. pylori-infected cases. We investigated the characteristics of subjects with a high-negative titer during a medical check-up and the utility of H. pylori infection score, the sum of scores of endoscopic findings based on the Kyoto Classification of Gastritis, for diagnosing H. pylori infection. Subjects with 13C-urea breath test-positive or H. pylori stool antigen test-positive were diagnosed as currently H. pylori-infected. Although around half of subjects with a high-negative titer were after eradication therapy (48.6%), currently H. pylori-infected were considerably confirmed (11.7%). H. pylori infection score showed a high value of area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [0.92; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.84–1.00] with the most suitable cut-off value of 1.0 (sensitivity: 0.92; specificity: 0.90). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that H. pylori infection score was an independent factor associated with increased prevalence of H. pylori infection (odds ratio, 9.53; 95% CI, 2.64–34.40; p<0.001). Currently H. pylori-infected subjects were considerably included among the subjects with a high-negative titer, and the Kyoto Classification of Gastritis was useful to predict current H. pylori infection.

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  • Yiling Zheng, Fan Wu, Weiqi Rong, Yunhe Liu, Tana Siqin, Liming Wang, ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 323-331
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: May 15, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Our study is to investigate the preoperative prognostic value of the Controlling Nutritional Status score in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients after curative resection. One hundred and sixty-seven patients admitted to our hospital between January 2012 and December 2018 were included retrospectively. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was conducted to evaluate the ability of the Controlling Nutritional Status score to predict recurrence and survival. Patients with high Controlling Nutritional Status score (≥3) had significantly poorer RFS compared to those with low Controlling Nutritional Status score (low: <3) (p = 0.000) in Kaplan–Meier survival curve. Multivariate analyses identified Controlling Nutritional Status score, lymph node metastasis, tumor numbers and preoperative CEA as independent prognostic factors for RFS. Lymph node metastasis was the independent risk factor of OS. The Cox regression model with Controlling Nutritional Status score had better prognostic value for recurrence than the Cox regression model without Controlling Nutritional Status score in long-time alcohol consumption intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients (AUC: 0.760 vs 0.706, p = 0.036). CONUT score may be a more powerful prognostic biomarker, which is tightly associated with other tumor characteristics, to predict recurrence but not survival, especially in long-time alcohol consumption intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients after curative-intent surgery.

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  • Kazuhiro Mizukami, Makoto Katsuta, Kazuhisa Okamoto, Kensuke Fukuda, R ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 332-337
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 30, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The Helicobacter pylori infection and functional dyspepsia are often coexisted. The effect of acotiamide, a drug for functional dyspepsia, on the result of Helicobacter pylori diagnosis has yet to be studied. We evaluated the influence of acotiamide on the results of Helicobacter pylori diagnosis in the 13C-urea breath test. Twenty patients with Helicobacter pylori-positive functional dyspepsia were treated with 100 mg of acotiamide three times a day for two weeks. Changes in 13C-urea breath test were investigated before and after administration, and two weeks after administration as the follow-up period. The 13C-urea breath test and the medical questionnaire of modified frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease were conducted at every period. Nineteen patients were included for analysis. No patients showed negative in 13C-urea breath test at Weeks 2 and 4. On the symptom scale, dyspepsia and total scores decreased from Week 0 to Week 2 and increased from Week 2 to Week 4, and the improvement rates of the dyspepsia score at Week 2 was 63%. In conclusion, we confirmed that acotiamide is unlikely to influence the result of 13C-urea breath test and it may improve the symptoms of functional dyspepsia during Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment.

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  • Naoki Horii, Natsuki Hasegawa, Shumpei Fujie, Keiko Iemitsu, Masataka ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 338-343
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: June 30, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Androgen hormones are important compounds related to body composition and exercise performance in athletes. The intake of Dioscorea esculenta, known as lesser yam, contains diosgenin and resistance training have been shown to normalize the secretion of androgen hormones. This study aimed to clarify the level of androgen hormone secretion and the effects of Dioscorea esculenta intake with resistance training on muscle hypertrophy and strength in athletes. First, in a cross-sectional study, we compared the serum androgen hormone [dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), testosterone, and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT)] levels between sprint athletes (n = 15) and non-athletes (n = 15). Second, in an 8-week intervention study, sprint athletes were randomly divided into 2 groups: resistance training with placebo (n = 8) or with Dioscorea esculenta (2,000 mg/day) intake (n = 7). The serum DHEA, free testosterone, and DHT levels were lower in athletes than in non-athletes. Dioscorea esculenta intake combined with resistance training increased the arm fat-free mass, the 1 repetition maximum of deadlift and snatch, and the serum DHEA, free testosterone, and DHT levels, compared with resistance training and placebo intake. The results suggested that Dioscorea esculenta intake combined with resistance training has further effects on muscle hypertrophy and strength in athletes by restoring secretion of androgen hormones.

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  • Nam-Seok Joo, Sang-Ik Han, Kyu-Nam Kim, Kwang-Min Kim, Bom-Taeck Kim, ...
    Type: Original Article
    2020 Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 344-348
    Published: 2020
    Released: November 01, 2020
    [Advance publication] Released: September 17, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Metabolic syndrome is well known to increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. We have reported that phytochemicals rich black rice with giant embryo reduced fat mass and metabolic disorders in an animal model. However, such effects have not been evaluated in humans. Subjects with metabolic syndrome (n = 49, 38 male, 44.3 ± 6.1 years) were randomly assigned into two groups and ingested roasted black-rice with giant embryo (BR, n = 26, 20 male) or white-rice (WR, n = 23, 18 male) powders mixed with water for breakfast for three months. Subjects were evaluated for various metabolic parameters before and after intervention. All parameters were not significantly different between groups before starting the intervention. After three months of consumption of either BR or WR, changes of body weight in BR vs WR groups (–1.54 kg vs –1.29 kg, p = 0.649) as well as waist circumference (–1.63 cm vs –1.02 cm, p = 0.365) were not significantly different between groups. However, changes in highly-sensitive C reactive proteins in BR vs WR groups (–0.110 mg/dl vs 0.017 mg/dl, p = 0.003) had significant differences. Three months of meal replacement with BR had a significant reduction of highly-sensitive C reactive protein compared to those with WR in adults with metabolic syndrome.

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