The purpose of the present study is to describe parents' effects on their children's likes and dislikes of physical education at junior high schools using Hayashi's Quantification Theory 2. An external criterion was the degree of likes and dislikes of physical education, and explanatory elements were composed of sport aptitude, sport goal, sport value, competition, sport interest, likes and dislikes of sport and physical education in the regular curriculum. The subjects were 263 parents in both boys and girls. Main results may be summarized as follows; 1. The correlation ratios of fathers and mothers were 0.132, 0.194 in boys and 0.185, 0.205 in girls. Their correlation ratios were apt to be affected weakly by the elements in the present research. 2. The results showed that main items affecting likes and dislikes of physical education in boys and girls based on partial correlation coefficients and ranges were the degree of participation in physical education in the past time and motor ability. 3. The results showed that main categories affecting likes and dislikes of physical education based on category scores were non-outstanding motor ability in boy's mother and girl's father, and normal participation in physical education in boy's father and girl's mother.
The purpose of this study was to clarify the optimum time for learning the technique for baton passing in relay race. Improvements in the skill in baton passing and understanding of the relay race were examined, using 244 elementary school children in the third to sixth grade in 11 lessons. The time of relay race for the third grade was improved remarkably as compared to the other grade, and the improvement decreased with grade level. However, in the third grade, who had not become skillful enough in baton passing, the time of relay race was longer than total time of 50-meter sprint for members. The result of learning was judged by the remainder taken the time of relay race from the total time of 50-meter sprint for members, and it was bigger in higher grade. Higher grade children advanced the time of relay race by the improvement in the technique for baton passing not in the ability of sprint. Improvement in image of the relay race was noted in all grade. Middle grade students enjoyed the relay race as a game. Higher grade students felt a special property of technique for baton passing in relay race. In the sixth grade student, the greater the understanding of the technique in baton passing, the greater was the baton passing speed. The present results suggested that the learning the technique for baton passing thus appears possible on the part of fourth grade students, and the best time for learning the technique for baton passing is when students are in the sixth grade.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between intelligence tests and tests designed by teachers. Tests were made for five subjects, Japanese, Social studies, Math, Science and English. These were given to 351 junior high school students (173 male, 178 female) along with an intelligence test divided into Type A and Type B components. The main results are as follows: 1) Scores from teacher-made tests were more closely related to deviation scores of type A intelligence tests than those of type B. However, test scores of two subjects, Math and Science, showed high correlation to type B intelligence tests' deviation score for males. 2) The indices of creative thinking in the intelligence test, Flexibility and Fluency, showed low correlation to scores on the teacher-made tests. Furthermore, of all the indices of the intelligence test, Cognition was consistently high in correlation for females. 3) Using cluster analysis to examine the results in each subject of the teacher-made test, male students could be divided into two categories, those good at humanities and those good at natural sciences. However, it was impossible to discern this difference among females.
To demonstrate experimentally the water pollution in the environmental education ot elementary, junior-high and senior-high schools, simplification of the COD determination has now been developed. An aliquot, that is an assembly of a series of water samples with different sample size, was taken into the test-tubes, to which were added 0.025_N potassium permanganate solution (0.5 ml) and dilute sulfuric acid ( 1 + 2 ) (2 ml) (or, in alkaline method, 20% sodium hydroxide solution (0.5 ml)). The mixtures were made up to 15 ml with water and heated on a boiling water bath for 30 min. The degree of pollution of water was judged by comparing the minimum amount of sample water required to decolorize the permanganate with that of the reference water such as drinking water treated in the same manner. In the alkaline procedure, the discoloration which takes place prior to decoloration also provided an additional information on the water pollution, indicating a preference of this procedure rather than acidic one.
A new educational course was established in 1989. This has made home life and food courses relatively important in homemaking curriculum. The more integrated and newly formed practice of the education is required of clothing course which became one of selective courses. The practice is concerning the instructional way to take a serious view of bringing up the scientific and practical attitude. For this purpose, the experimental observation of the still air layer of the fabric surface, which is an important factor of the comfortability, was proposed as a subject matter. The humidity gradient method was recommended as a teaching method. An instructional design was made for the classwork in the fifteenth grade of elementary school, under the consideration of ventilation, refreshing sensation in addition to heat retention and moisture permeability.
This paper is concerned with the study of textile design in textile material branch of homemaking education of junior high school. In general, it is recommended to apply a paper streamer for the study of the textile design. But, it is almost impossible to give a better understanding of fabric characteristics by using paper streamers. In this report, some weaving tools and the handling method of these tools to weave fabrics using actual yarns are offered. And the examples of works by junior college students are shown. All of them answered that the weaving task was very useful for understanding properties of actual fabrics.