The motion of boiling nitrogen (LN2) and its surface profile between parallel plate electrodes and the behavior of bubbles in a nonuniform electric field in a microgravity environment are observed. The dynamic behavior is analyzed in consideration of the following forces: the Maxwell stress, gradient force, buoyancy, capillary force (surface tension), and viscosity. This behavior is explained consistently by a theory that includes these forces. It is confirmed that the liquid in a uniform electric field is driven by the Maxwell stress and that the bubbles in a nonuniform electric field are driven by the gradient force.
“IEV Chapter 815: Superconductivity, ” which will be the international standard of the glossary of terms relating to superconductors, is now in the stage of Committee Draft for Vote (CDV). This activity to prepare Chapter 815 of IEV (International Electrotechnical Vocabularies) is being carried out through the collaboration of IEC/TC90/WG1 and IEC/TC1. In Chapter 815, a total of 300 terms and their definitions are classified into eight sections and placed in logical order. They will be used in the international standards of test methods that are now being prepared by IEC/TC90 and in future international standards of materials and their applications in the field of superconductivity. The contents and the history of IEV Chapter 815 are discussed.