Based on a statistic study in a random pin medium, we have proposed a new method to describe current transport properties in high Tc superconductors (HTS). The theoretical results are compared with measured electric field (E) vs. current density (J) curves in a YBCO film with magnetic fields up to 12T. The nonlinear E-J curves can be characterized by a power function [(J-Jcm)/J0]m with three parameters: the minimum value of critical current density (Jc) denoted by Jcm, the variance of the distribution, J0, and exponent, m, which determines the shape of Jc distribution. Magnetic field (B) and temperature (T) dependencies of the E-J curves can be attributed to the thermodynamic properties of Jcm and typical value of Jc, denoted by Jk(≡Jcm+J0) through the corresponding macroscopic pinning force densities JcmB and JkB, respectively, as in the similar form in low Tc superconductors. The present method allows us to estimate the statistic Jc distribution from E-J curves. Moreover, B- and T-dependencies of the E-J curves can be predicted in a (B, T)-plane based on the scaling properties of the pinning force densities. The present method has also been compared with the so called n-value model: E(J)=Ec(J/Jc)n. It has been shown that the value of exponent n and Jc determined by an electric-field criterion, Ec, can be plotted as a function of B and T. Additionally, the relationship between these parameters, n and Jc, and material properties such as pin distribution and its thermodynamic properties can be clarified by this analysis. These results are useful not only to estimate critical current properties in HTS materials but also to design HTS-based devices by taking into account operation conditions such as B, T and power dissipation.
Using a dielectric resonator method at 10.7GHz in the TE011 mode, we investigated the microwave surface resistance (Rs) of screen-printed Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (Bi2212) thick films on Ag substrate subjected to a partial-melt solidification process. Heat treatment conditions on the partial-melt solidification process influence the Rs value of thick films through changes in microstructures therein. We obtained a low Rs value of 1.6mΩ at 20K by heating the film up to a maximum temperature of 880°C, subsequent slow cooling at 4°C/h from 880 to 860°C, isothermal annealing for 10h at 860°C and final cooling to room temperature. To our knowledge, this Rs value is the lowest record for Bi2212 thick films subjected to the partial-melt solidification process. The factor dominating the Rs value of Bi2212 thick films was investigated from a microstructural point of view. The film with low Rs value shows a large grain size, small amount of impurity phases and also a high degree of grain alignment. A significant correlation between microstructures and Rs values of Bi2212 thick films was suggested.
Numerical calculations of the AC transport losses under self field were made as a function of current amplitude for models of parallel-conductor cables composed of single-layer or multi-layer configurations of superconducting tapes with rectangular cross sections as the strands in order to obtain a guide for the design and construction of AC power cables with redacted AC transport loss. The loss values of cable conductors are strongly influenced by the tape gap on cylindrical former or the separation between the face-to-face tapes of each layer. These results suggest that improvements in tape and cable structure (i.e., the arrangement of superconducting cores in the cable conductors) is important to suppress the losses generated in cable conductors under AC current transmission.