The purpose of this paper is to explain, from the aspect of the superconducting coil system, the concept of ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor), which is to be constructed in France under the international collaboration of the seven parties. The specifications and results of research and development on the superconducting model coils, which was performed during the Engineering Design Activities, were compared with the final design of ITER. The identification of the relevance of model coils compared to full-scale ITER coils and related limitations are discussed from the technical and project management point of view.
High temperature superconducting bulks with highly oriented crystallographic structures are expected to be applied for high field quasi-permanent magnets, current leads and so on. However, the bulks sometimes fracture due to the thermal stress on the cooling process or the electromagnetic force during the magnetization. Thus, it has been recognized that improvement and understanding of the mechanical properties of the bulks are indispensable for practical application. In this review, we summarize the present status of evaluation process of the mechanical properties of various bulks. The Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, fracture strength, fracture toughness and hardness are evaluated by tensile, bending, compression and hardness tests. The mechanical properties are anisotropic, mainly due to pre-existing micro-cracks. Data obtained are summarized and the influential parameters associated with the microstructures and testing conditions for the mechanical properties are explained.