Since its establishment, the B-factory at KEK has been operating successfully, achieving successive world records for the luminosity of electron-positron colliders. The factory has also conducted experimental tests related to the Kobayashi-Maskawa theory. First of all, large CP violation was discovered in the B meson system, which is one of the predictions of the model. This was followed by confirmation in various B meson decays. On the other hand, some phenomena have been found which may not be fully explained by the model alone. Expectations are high for clarification using upgraded B-factory(ies).
This year, Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba (HIMAC) of National Institute of Radiological Sciences celebrates its 15th anniversary of use in clinical trials. It has been brought up to the level accepted for general treatment at the suggestion of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL). We are working on research and development aiming at further accumulation of results, the additional improvement of clinical results and overcoming obstinate cancers. While providing an outline of the present status and outlook of HIMAC, the applications of superconducting are considered.