The construction of the J-PARC Project started in April of 2001. After 8 years of construction period, the project was completed in the spring of 2009. Three accelerator elements (Linac, 3 GeV proton synchrotron and 50 GeV proton synchrotron) are now working. Also, three experimental halls (materials and life experimental hall, hadron experimental hall, and neutrino experimental hall) are in operation. In this article I review all these facilities and their scientific goals. In addition, I would like to overview the current and future scope of this J-PARC facility.
Recently the investigations on the local stress/strains and related properties in the engineered superconducting composites have been extensively carried out by using the pulsed neutron facilities, J-PARC TAKUMI. Firstly the key concepts are described in order to understand their mechanical-electromagnetic properties after the performance of TAKUMI is briefly introduced. Unique and important results have been obtained by the present diffraction studies. Highlights of the present review are the three dimensional description of strains in Nb3Sn filaments, the determination of force free strains at RT and 77 K for BSCCO and YBCO tapes, and of To for the BSCCO tape and Nb3Sn wires, which is the initiation temperature of thermally induced residual strains. Typically the local axial strain exerted on Nb3Sn filaments has been firstly measured along the TF coil used for ITER project in the world.