Journal of Forest Economics
Online ISSN : 2424-2454
Print ISSN : 0285-1598
Volume 55 , Issue 1
Showing 1-16 articles out of 16 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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  • 2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 1-
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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  • Satoshi TACHIBANA
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 3-13
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Sustainable forest management practices have become increasingly important given the worldwide increase in demand for planted forest resources. In this paper, I review changes in forest resources in the Asian region and analyze the relationship between forest resources and the development of wood manufacturing industries in China and South Korea. I found that (1) planted forest areas increased in China, Vietnam, and South Korea from 1990 to 2005, contributing to an overall increase in forest areas in this region; (2) China has been a net exporter of plywood and fiberboard since 2001 and 2005, respectively, and these wood manufacturing industries have been developed using wood products from planted forests; and (3) the use of planted forest resources in South Korea has contributed to the development of the particle board and fiberboard industries in that country. The development of wood manufacturing industries in China and South Korea and the promotion of traceability in the timber trade will increase future demand for planted forest resources. To meet this demand, sustainable forest management practices must be promoted under a zoning scheme that incorporates the use of both planted and natural forest resources.
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  • Misa MASUDA
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 14-20
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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    The modern forest regime in India was created during the colonial period on the basis of demarcated forest reserves. It was called scientific forestry, but after the independence, the exclusiveness turned to be criticized as eminent domain for local people. The new National Forest Policy in 1988 contains drastic change from production to protection as well as a shift from industry-oriented to people's well-being. It is Joint Forest Management (JFM) that is expected to realize the latter, but statistics show large disparities among the states. From correlation coefficient analysis, there was no relation between historical background and progress of forest demarcation. What had significant correlation with forest variables was ratio of scheduled tribe population, but that to JFM coverage was not as high as in other variables. The relation between high forest cover, low population density and low demarcation progress suggests a difficulty to apply scientific forestry to shifting cultivation dominant area, which conditions can also be found in Southeast Asia.
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  • Ikuo OTA
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 21-34
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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    European Union is eagerly forwarding forestry related policies in recent years. At the same time, timber production in Europe is gradually expanding. Why are they? This paper analyses trend of forest policy and present status of forestry and forest related industries in Europe. For instance, development of EU forest policies, Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, National Forest Programmes, trend of timber production in various countries, and popularization of forest certification are examined. As a result of the analyses, it is prevailed that European countries are aiming to be a world environmental leader with placing forest issues as one of important advantages.
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  • Takuya TAKAHASHI
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 35-44
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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    For the purpose of testing a hypothesis that more sustainable forest management in Japan requires decentralized and participatory policy making and implementation, I investigated forest policies in Canada and compared them with Japanese thinning policies. I contrasted two opposing views on the sustainability of Canadian forests and forestry-namely, the view of Canadian governments and that of several Canadian NGOs. The origin of the differences between these two views was found to be the varying levels of confidence on the statistical data, the contrasting values placed on primary and old-growth forests, and different positions toward the transition to "normal forest" conditions. I examined Canadian 2003-2008 National Forest Strategy, and identified the realities accompanying decentralized and participatory policy making and implementation. As an example of Japanese efforts for sustainable forest management, I selected the nation's policies that promote the thinning of plantation forests. I found that these policies display the characteristics of centralized policy making/implementation. On the basis of a comparison between Canada and Japan, I offer several suggestions for thinning policies in Japan.
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  • Masaya FUJINO
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 45-55
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
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    The effectiveness of the block thinning through the introduction of advanced forestry machinery and high density forest road network was investigated by creating the thinning business model based on the case of the forest owners' cooperative of Hiyoshi-cho, Kyoto, setting a scenario of the establishment and extension of work roads based on the actual values measured by the cooperative, and estimating the project capacity and productivity between 2006 and 2016. Compared to 2006, the unit project cost declined 13-22%, and the productivity per worker excluding the establishment process was increased by about 1.5 times. It was considered that the establishment of forest road network would be more effective as the carrying out thinning is repeated. On the other hand, it seemed it is difficult to properly manage the entire forest in the area with the estimated productivity. Therefore, it was considered that a forest owners' cooperative that performs the block thinning needs to propose a thinning plan to the members of the cooperative. In addition, it was considered that flexible machinery operation based on the work capacity through lease and rental systems would allow businesses to hire more employees and increase the overall production gradually.
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  • Motoe MIYAMOTO, Yasuo IIJIMA, Satoshi TACHIBANA, Aiko KAWANABE
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 56-64
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The interest in using domestic wood has been growing in recent years. However, the rate of timber self-sufficiency in Japan is still around 20%. This paper examines the consumers' need for local wood, the actual use of local wood, and why local wood is not used as much as it should be, based on a survey of households with newly built wooden houses in Akita prefecture. Data analysis by a chi-square test and ANOVA found the following: (a) household characteristics have impacts on households' need for local wood which relates to their knowledge of it. (b) The actual use of local wood is lower than households' hope. (c) The causes of the low use of local wood are (1) Constructors, not households, take the lead in choosing wood, (2) The realization of households' hope for local wood is lower in large scale constructors, (3) The price of houses using local wood is much higher than non-local-wood houses in both architect's offices and large scale constructors. Results suggest that increase in consumers' knowledge of local wood, disclosure of information on various kinds of constructors, and transparency of house prices may help promote the use of local wood.
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  • Miho SAGARA
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 65-74
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper discusses the birth, evolution and role of forest NGOs in Japan, focusing on the activities of one NGO and the influence of these activities upon the society. The method used in this study is to analyze information obtained from members of the forest NGO HUTAN Group. Concerned about social and environmental problems caused by economic development, HUTAN Group members at first protested against the Japanese company "Sogo Shosha" whose business caused deforestation and violation of indigenous peoples' rights. In a change of their strategy, they started to launch campaigns requesting local governments not to use tropical woods in public works, and from 2000 onwards, urging both local governments and timber traders to curb the use of and trade in products of the tropical hardwood species ramin (Gonystylus spp.). Based on their investigation of distribution channels for these wood products, they started a new campaign to remind traders and main buyers of their environmental responsibility and the need to take measures to tackle the trade in ramin. The success of their activities was not only the result of these campaigns but also depended upon changes in the domestic and international situation.
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  • Wataru TANAKA
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 75-86
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    From the hearing investigation of large-scale forest owners in Mie Prefecture, this paper discusses the forest management of large-scale forests over recent years, the actual condition of labor procurement and reorganization process. The following was clarified: 1) Large-scale forest owners in Mie Prefecture who manage forestry as side line decreased lumber production, but who manage forestry as main products lumber by their own labor force. 2) All interviewed forest owners decreased the number of regular employees. Some of the forest owners increased their contract labor force. Forest owners who are still keen on regular employees and forest owners who increased their contract labor force vary. As for the reason, it is thought as follows. Forest owners who manage forestry as main pursues profit in forestry. On the other hand, forest owners who manage forestry as side business does not attach great importance to an income by the forestry by the present. It is thought that the difference of both becomes bigger in future.
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  • Taki FUJII, Mayu OKADA, Mitsuo FUJIWARA
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 87-98
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In many farming and mountain villages the population has been decreasing along with aging, while abandoned land and houses have increased remarkably. Meanwhile, the number of city people who hope to migrate to the countryside has increased. However, the needs of these migrants and agriculture and/or forestry internship workers have not been investigated. In this study, in order to investigate this issue, a survey was taken by interviewing city people who participated in a fair on migration and/or starting agriculture/forestry and by a questionnaire over the internet. Therefore, it was found that those with the strongest intent to migrate were single or youngster living with their parents. And, those wishing to have both rural and city residences are of early age living with their parents and/or a family or couple in late forties. Regarding land acquisition, migrants and applicants willing to have residences in both areas showed a strong intention. The participants of the agriculture/forestry fair had a strong purpose of migrate and engage in agriculture and/or forestry, so it was clear what to do for them. In contrast, the internet respondents had various motives and intentions. Therefore, it was difficult to respond to them by formal preparedness to receive.
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  • XiaoHang ZHANG, Toshikuni NOGUCHI, Masao KOIKE, BaoQuan AN
    Type: Article
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 99-108
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The subject of this study is making clear the actual condition of Private Contract Enterprises and instruction of leaderships and supervisions enforced by National Forest Office for forest in good condition, especially forest conservation as source for water supply in National Forest. The results of investigation of Private Contract Enterprises and National Forest Office are following: Firstly, actual condition of Private Contract Enterprises, (1) Their most important work is keeping the qualitative and makes many achievements, but it does not keep public forest in well condition. (2) Forest conservation and management is controlled by forest supervisors. (3) Private Contract Enterprises take priority over efficiency, and hence sometimes its work is a little bit negative. Secondly, actual condition of National Forest Office, (1) National Forest Office should investigate and plan the main works and another administrative works for Private Contract Enterprise, therefore only foresters from Nation Forest Office should enforce the Private Contract Enterprise to be followed the instruction of leaderships and supervisions for work improvement. (2) Amount foresters are usually decreasing and they are also difficultly implementing their mission. Today, the subject of National Forest Office for forest conservation is improved, and system of leaderships and supervisions also improved better for Private Contract Enterprises. And as contract will become to open tender, it will be important to bring up Private Contract Enterprises.
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  • Takayoshi SATO
    Type: Short Communication
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 109-114
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
  • Type: Cover
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages Cover3-
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (56K)
  • Type: Cover
    2009 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages Cover4-
    Published: March 01, 2009
    Released: August 28, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (56K)
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