Serpentine seamount was reviewed with recent seven Shinkai 6, 500 dives at Izu-Bonin and Mariana forearcs. The seamounts consist mostly of serpentine flows with huge xenoliths of peridotite, high-pressure type metamorphic rocks such as jadeite-quartz assemblage and aragonite, glaucophane schist as well as MORB like basaltic rocks and chert. Active seamount has the following three characteristic features ; 1) serpentine flow, 2) carbonate chimney, and 3) huge peridotite xenolith in the flow. Serpentine flow shows a lobate structure with several meters width and 2-3 m high, sometimes flows down along the steep cliff. Drilling results indicate that flow unit shows the sedimentary structure similar to the interior structure of the mud diapir. Carbonate chimneys exist as an isolated tree and more than 20 chimneys stand make a line in some cases. Active carbonate chimney has yellowish green bacterial mats on the surface but dead ones are covered with thin black manganese coating. The fate of carbonate chimneys is fell down and dissolves into the sea water when the depth exceeds more than 4, 000 m, becomes a member of sediments when buried and sometimes makes a vein.
In the metamorphic belts onland such as Sanbagawa, Kamuikotan metamorphic terrains and Mineoka belt there are serpentinite bodies of both alpine and stratiform types. The former type was thought to be of solid intrusion along fault. These serpentinite bodies yield white sediments as a vein, layer of sediments as well as rodingites. Rodingites always crop out with serpentinites in the Alps and other orogenic belts. Serpentinite bodies have highly sheared and brecciated parts and most geologists thought those parts to be the results of strong shearing when solid intrusion. However, if we look at the body carefully, sedimentary structure and white veins, and sediments will be frequently observed and the body is closely accompanied by rodingites.
We strongly insist to think that these white materials are the products of the carbonate chimneys and sedimentary structures are also the product of serpentine flow at the forearc serpentine seamount and emplace into the metamorphic terrains during the secondary processes. During the emplacement, rodingite and magnesite ore would be formed by metasomatism with serpentinites.
Most of the serpentinites in the orogenic belt must be of serpentine seamount origin such as in Izu-Bonin, Mariana, Tonga and Middle America Trenches where the crust are thin compared with those of the ordinary island arcs and continental margins.
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