日本家政学会誌
Online ISSN : 1882-0352
Print ISSN : 0913-5227
ISSN-L : 0913-5227
51 巻 , 5 号
選択された号の論文の9件中1~9を表示しています
  • 井元 りえ, 小澤 紀美子
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 357-366
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study is to re-examine the purpose and role of household eco-account book by studying first the household eco-account book proposed by Morioka et al. in 1980 and then those books currently in use, in order to consider its role and usefulness in society. This study also clarifies the major characteristics of 40 samples of household eco-account books. A detail examination of nine data samples gathered from the sample account books is also conducted.
    The main findings and considerations are as follows :
    1) Regarding its purpose and role, while Morioka et al. situate household eco-account book in the citizens' and local governments' effort to create a better environment, the current household eco-account book movement places its emphasis too much on the ability and effort of housewives themselves and furthermore lacks to treat household eco-account book as an important and positive medium to clarify the ecological problems within the existing society.
    2) By using household eco-account book, the citizens become more aware of environmental issues and tend to live more ecologically, but at the same time their fill-outs demonstrate that there are obstacles for more positive behavioral change such as physical housing conditions, social systems, and business rationale.
    3) This study asserts, therefore, that there is a strong need to situate the household eco-account book within the social system, and the citizens, businesses, and governments should cooperate with each other in order to change society into more ecologically sound one.
  • 池山 和子
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 367-385
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this report is to investigate the factors considered to have children spend more time playing outside rather than inside their houses. The questionnaire prepared for the 4th and 6th graders was sent in 1993 to a primary school in Kagoshima City as well as to three schools in northeastern part of Kagoshima Prefecture, and 494 answers were obtained. The questionnaire covered the children's play habits, their life after school, and their families' relationship with neighbors. The results may be summarized as follows :
    1) Many children in rural areas play outside and their families have more interactions (in various ways) with their neighbors than their counterparts in urban area.
    2) By the analysis made by the quantification theory type II, the factors attributed to have children play outside were varied among those in urban and rural areas. The primary factor for less frequent outside playing among the urban children, however, is due to the fact that they play at their friends' or neighbors' house. So far as the behavior of the children in rural area is concerned, the results of the quantification theory type II are not reliable. However, the highest scoring factor to keep children inside their home is their low degree of desire to play. The writer was unable to determine which factors dominate in having children in rural areas play outside.
  • 杉山 寿美, 徳山 留美, 泊野 有紀子, 石永 正隆
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 387-394
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    日本人の血清総コレステロール値は増加傾向にあり, また, 冠動脈疾患の死亡率とコレステロール摂取量に相関が認められることから, 高脂血症体質の人に対して食事性コレステロール量の管理が推奨されている.
    本研究は, 通常の調理操作により一般食材のコレステロール量がどのように変化するのかを明らかにすることを目的に, 市販の豚ロース肉 (脂身つき) を試料として, 調理過程「ゆで」「妙め」「揚げ」の前後におけるコレステロール量をガスクロマトグラフィーにより測定した.
    調理前の豚肉に含まれる脂肪酸量とコレステロール量の間に有意な相関は認められなかった.調理過程「ゆで」「妙め」においてコレステロール量は減少するものの, 「ゆで」ではその減少は有意なものではなく, 「妙め」では高脂肪酸量の豚肉 (33.8%) の場合に有意な減少 (79.9%) を示した.また, 調理過程「揚げ」においては, 衣をつけた状態からは有意な減少 (76.4~89.6%) を示し, 衣の材料として用いた鶏卵に含まれるコレステロールの溶出していることが推測された.
    以上の結果より, コレステロール摂取量減少のための方法として, 調理操作によるコレステロール量減少は, 少なくとも豚肉においては容易ではないと考えられた.
  • 安藤 真美, 安藤 正史, 塚正 泰之, 牧之段 保夫, 三好 正満
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 395-404
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    人工的なコラゲナーゼ処理を行うことにより, イカ筋肉の冷蔵中における軟化現象に対するコラーゲンの関与を調べた.
    ヤリイカ外套膜より分画したコラーゲンを濃度の異なる細菌コラゲナーゼ溶液 (酵素 : 基質=1 : 10, 1 : 100, 1 : 1,000, 5℃) に浸漬し, その変化をSDS電気泳動法により調べたところ, コラゲナーゼの濃度が高い場合ほどコラーゲンの分解が促進された.この結果は, 5℃という低温下であっても長時間反応により細菌コラゲナーゼがコラーゲンを分解し得ることを示した.
    次にヤリイカの外套膜を濃度の異なるコラゲナーゼ溶液 (0.1, 1, 10mg/ml) に浸漬し, その影響を対照試料 (0mg/ml) と比較して検討した.その結果, コラゲナーゼを含む溶液に浸した肉片の勇断力は対照試料に比べ低い値を示し, 特に10mg/ml区において最も低かった.光学顕微鏡で構造を比較すると, コラゲナーゼ処理3時間後で早くも10mg/ml区の筋肉において細胞間隙が認められた.他の試験区でも24時間後には間隙が認められたが, 10mg/ml区において最も多数の間隙が生じていた.透過型電子顕微鏡で観察すると, 3時間および24時間後における細胞間隙の数・大きさの違いがより明確に認められた.
    以上の結果は, コラゲナーゼの筋肉内部への浸透によりコラーゲンが分解され, 結果的に軟化現象が促進されたことを示しており, 言い換えれば, コラーゲンが冷蔵中の軟化現象に深く関与していることを示すものである.
  • 大川 由子, 稲垣 勝彦, 河内 光義
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 405-413
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    We proposed a 3-dimensional model based on the idea that basic bodice patterns are based on the development of a 3-dimensional shell constructed from a developable surface with an unexpandable paper-like sheet. It was confirmed that the developiment of the 3-dimensional model conforms to basic bodice patterns. Then a classification of design methods of 18 basic bodice patterns was examnined. The results are summarized as follows : 1) It was found that 5 out of 18 basic bodice patterns are the same in width for the front and back body parts and the other basic bodice patterns have wider back body parts than front body parts. 2) It was found that 12 basic bodice patterns for back body parts and 4 front body parts conform to the plane-development of the 3-dimensional model. Three of them conform to the plane-development of the 3-dimensional model for front and back body parts. 3) It was found that 2 basic bodice patterns satisfied all our conditions for a 3-dimensional model. 4) It was presumed that the 3-dimenesional shell of the basic bodice pattern, having wider back body parts than front body parts, can be explained by extending this model.
  • 藤田 恵子
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 415-423
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this study, 200 basic patterns in 176 books and magazines were used to survey the historical changes in drawings of the upper trunk of women. These books and magazines were extracted from among 375 sewing publications, textbooks, teacher's manuals, three kinds of women's monthly magazines, and a stylebook, which were published from the beginning of the Meiji era to 1945. The results are as follows : At first, basic patterns were drawn based on mainly breast size to make the upper trunk of girls' dresses at the end of the Meiji era. Thereafter, patterns which could be used for both children and women were created. Then patterns specially designed for women were developed. After 1935, basic patterns were adopted in school curriculums at elementary schools and by women's magazines, and the use of basic patterns for dress making became standard practice among ordinary people. Therefore, basic patterns contributed to the spread of Western dress in Japan. Drawings for women were partly influenced by men's pattern making and Kimono cutting methods. In addition, drawings designed to cover the complicated curves of shoulders and breast swells began to emerge in this period.
  • 森山 由記子
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 425-426
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 古川 利温
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 427-432
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 戸田 準
    2000 年 51 巻 5 号 p. 433-444
    発行日: 2000/05/15
    公開日: 2010/03/10
    ジャーナル フリー
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