保健物理
Online ISSN : 1884-7560
Print ISSN : 0367-6110
ISSN-L : 0367-6110
49 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の11件中1~11を表示しています
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原著論文
  • 神田 玲子, 辻 さつき, 米原 英典
    原稿種別: 原著論文
    2014 年 49 巻 2 号 p. 68-78
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2015/05/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    In general, the press is considered to have amplified the level of public's anxiety and perception of risk. In the present study, we analyzed newspaper article headlines and Internet contents that were released from March 11, 2011 to January 31, 2012 using text mining techniques. The aim is to reveal the particular characteristics of the information propagated regarding the Fukushima NPP Accident. The article headlines of the newspapers which had a largest circulation were chosen for analysis, and contents of Internet media were chosen based on the number of times they were linked or retweeted. According to our text mining analysis, newspapers frequently reported the “measurement, investigation and examination” of radiation/radioactive materials caused by the Fukushima Accident, and this information might be spread selectively via the social media. On the other hand, the words related to health effects of radiation exposure (i. e., cancer, hereditary effects) were rare in newspaper headlines. Instead, words like “anxiety” and “safe” were often used to convey the degree of health effects. Particularly in March of 2011, the concept of “danger” was used frequently in newspaper headlines. These indirect characterizations of the situation may have contributed more or less to the misunderstanding of the health effects and to the enhanced perception of risk felt by the public. In conclusion, there were found no evidence to suggest that newspapers or Internet media users released sensational information that increased the health anxiety of readers throughout the period of analysis.
  • Hidehito NAKAMURA, Yoshiyuki SHIRAKAWA, Hisashi KITAMURA, Nobuhiro SAT ...
    原稿種別: Original Paper
    2014 年 49 巻 2 号 p. 98-101
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2015/05/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    The enormous area of damage to Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant requires radiation detectors with robust base substrates to monitor high-dose-rate environmental radiation with long-term stability. Undoped aromatic ring polymers have considerable potential as base substrates in radiation detection. Here, we characterise polycarbonate (PC), which has excellent transparency, shock, radiation, and weather resistance, heat tolerance, and anti-abrasion qualities. It has a density of 1.20 g/cm3, an excitation maximum of 310 nm, and short-wavelength emission with a maximum at 350-nm. By taking into account its emission spectrum, we determined an effective refractive index of 1.64. PC has a light yield that is 0.67 times that of undoped poly (ethylene terephthalate). These results reveal that readily available PC is an effective base substrate for use in large-area radiation detectors for the nuclear power plant recovery process.
解説
  • 久宗 健志, 阿部 歩
    原稿種別: 解説
    2014 年 49 巻 2 号 p. 79-87
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2015/05/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    At Tsuruga 1, Tsuruga 2 and Tokai 2, a radioactive corrosion product accumulates in a nuclear reactor cooling system during operation. And this radioactive corrosion product becomes the source of occupational radiation exposure at refueling outage. After the corrosion product which generated from structure material during operation is deposited on the fuel and activated, the radioactive corrosion product transports out of core and accumulates to the equipment and piping in the system. Therefore, control of generation, activation, transportation and accumulation and also removal of corrosion product from a nuclear reactor cooling system become important to reduce the radiation exposure during refueling outage. In this report, we describe the measures that we carried out for the radiation exposure dose of radioactivity reduction of a BWR plant and a PWR plant.
  • 河田 陽介
    原稿種別: 解説
    2014 年 49 巻 2 号 p. 88-97
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2015/05/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    There is growing demand for rare earth elements as raw materials for industrial goods such as high performance magnet. Thus, rare earth resources attract a lot of strategic attention internationally. The rare earth ore often contains uranium and thorium, that are Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM). Usually, such radioactive substances almost remain in the waste yielded in the extraction process for rare earth elements. Therefore, radiation protection is required in all of operation phases from mining and refining to waste disposal, and it is appropriate to the purpose to use the reference level of intervention in the ICRP recommendation. To ensure resource development, it is important that sites where wastes were disposed of are reused under monitored natural attenuation of the chemical conditions of the wastes after early physical stabilization of the land. This paper illustrates current status of rare earth development along with related radiation protection issue.
From Japan to the World
Radiation Protection in the World
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