The Journal of Human Relations
Online ISSN : 2433-1961
Print ISSN : 1340-8186
Volume 3 , Issue 1
Showing 1-23 articles out of 23 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    Download PDF (31K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Taka-aki OGAWA
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 1-14
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    Questionnaires were administered to college students. They answered about their relationships with their own living and dead grandparents. The analysis of their responses showed the following main results. (1)Among five styles of grandparenting identified by Neugarten & Weinstein, The Formal (60.8 %) Fun-seeking (27.0%) Parent Surrogte (6.9%) were evaluated as the best for grandfathers and those were (51.2%, 31.3%, 14.4% respectively) for grandmothers by late adolescent grandchildren. (2)When College students were asked to select an expected style of their parents' future grandparenting, the percentages of selections of each style were very similar to the above answer except Parent Surrogate was selected more often for their own mothers. (3)Their selection of a good style of grandparenting were correlated at least in part with their perceptions of their own grandparents' styles. (4)Grandchildren respected their grandmothers more than grandfathers. There were some differences between the reasons why grandmothers were respected by grandchildren and those for grandfathers. (5)Grandchildren who had lived in three generation households reported uncomfortable experiences with their grandparents more than grandchildren who had never lived in same households with their grandparents. However these two groups had similar levels of liking and respect for grandparents.
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  • Takashi MUTO
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 15-23
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    This study examined the process of how two 4-year-old children met each other at the first time and began to play together. They played in a pair for about 30 minutes in each of two sessions in the laboratory playroom. At first, they did not even look at each other, but at last, they more or less cooperated together to perform the train game. Utterances to each other occured at the last moment. From a micro-genetic analysis of the details of this process, the following conclusions were suggested. First, it was found to be important for children to keep their attention on a common object. Next, the formation of two focused places in the play enabled the division of play, and furthermore made it easy to cooperate to a degree. Third, going and coming of an object (i. e., a train) between the two places made possible the association of each other. Thus, the beginning of interpersonal association was formed, owing to the characteristics of physical objects. Although all the beginnings of interaction among young children are not necessarily formed in this way, these results suggest that this type of interactive situation is important..
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  • Sugiko YAMAGUCHI
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 25-33
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    After the corruption of Catholicism of Middle Ages, people searched for a new view of man. First of all, Hobbes regards 'egoism' as man's most natural nature. Then Shaftesbury criticizes that same 'egoism' and claimed that 'altruism' is much more natural to man. Shaftesbury also asserted that man has 'Moral Sense,' which is regarded as a sort of sense organ, just like the sense of sight or smell. Firstly, 'Moral Sense' judges an act based upon the feelings of an individual; secondly, it judges that act through reason. Thus, it should be investigated by reason. However, we should note the aforementioned feelings and reason proposed by Shaftesbury included the world of Hobbes so that 'altruism' does not deny 'egoism' completely, but instead it absorbed it, while at the same time criticizing it. Therefore, I consider 'Moral Sense' to be the beginnings of man's primitive mind, and I feel that the feelings toward classical art are similar. I regard both situation as man's feelings of directing his own mind and I suggest that they have universal validity. I have here tried to elucidate the nature of 'Moral Sense' and its origins as being parallel, in my view, to the feelings for classical art.
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  • Kan'ichi IMAI
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 35-42
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    Since the book "The Bridge of Madison County" was translated and published in Japan, feelings of sympathy were aroused in many women and then after it was made into a movie many people were touched, giving rise to the moral argument pro and anti adultery. "The Bridge of Madison County" is a moralish fantasy as Michael Ende mentioned, and it gives us, living in today's world, an important suggestion about our lifestyle and the conscience. If it had been just a story about adultery so many women would not have felt sympathetic. The decision Franchesca, the leading character, made is what Michael Ende explains thus : People do not make a decision based on the majority or from social customs, but make a moral decision every time they are faced with some situation, deciding on the basis of their own creativity. That is a moralish Fantasy." On another note, in my daily clinical psychology I have actually seen a Bridge of Madison County type pattern occur dramatically in the hearts of some people, changing the inner self and becoming a means of support from behind the scenes helping in everyday life. So, remembering some scenes from "The Bridge of Madison County" I would like to express the meaning of this occurrence clearly through the visual images that lay in the hearts of two people, a man and a woman, whom I was honored to support psychologically.
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  • Yoshiko WADA, Akemi IRIE
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 43-52
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    An opinion survey was taken to determine what young Japanese college women in Hokkaido thought of (1)The division of household labor according to sex, (2)The importance of psychological as well as physical self-reliance in daily family life, (3)Male-female as well as adult-child respect for the individuality of others in the family. Discussion about (1)The meaning of democracy within the family, and (2)How to nurture family bonds of togetherness was presented. Conclusions were drawn about (1)Helping to form a more tolerant society by beginning at home, and (2)The importance of being able to do so, from a global perspective on the role Japan has to play in the world community.
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 53-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Index
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 54-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 55-58
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 59-60
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 61-64
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 65-66
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 67-71
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 72-80
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 81-83
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 84-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages App2-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (75K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages App3-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: November 01, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (75K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages App4-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: March 26, 2018
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    Download PDF (75K)
  • Type: Cover
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages Cover3-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: March 26, 2018
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    Download PDF (35K)
  • Type: Cover
    1996 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages Cover4-
    Published: October 31, 1996
    Released: March 26, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (35K)
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