In Japan there is so much agricultural land in suburban area. For long time this land has been thought as the source of supply for urbanizing use. But owners of this land(They are farmers.) have to get their money from this land. So, in this area to make good environment for residence it is important to think this land not only as the source of supply for urbanizing use but also as the place for farmers to live. Landscape Archtects should take part in the community development in this area, because they are the only city planning specialists who can understand farmers’ sense more easily than civil engineers and architects can. In this work the Agriculture and Housing Cooperative Association System is very efficient.
Urban fringe landscapes can metaphorically be called a mirror that clearly reflects the character of society. Urban fringe landscapes of American cities, commonly known as edge cities, clearly represent the success in American capitalism which dominated the world in the 20th century, while slums in the fringe of Asian cities have been the symbol of conflicts brought on by capitalism. What characterizes modern urban fringe landscapes is the fact that lands have also been regarded as commodities which can be mass-produced, consumed and wasted, without having any relationship to vernacular bio-physical and social characteristics of the area. Urban fringe landscapes can therefore be named as “container-plant landscapes”, which can easily be produced, consumed or replaced by other landscapes. However, with the rapidly growing concerns on the environment, urban fringe landscapes in the 21st century should be restored so as to realize a green, sustainable, and compact city. Vernacularity in terms of bio-physical and social characteristics should be carefully examined and reflected in the planning of urban fringe landscapes.
The conversion of agricultural land to other uses caused by rapid urbanization generates lots of serious problems. The aim of this paper was to analyze the general patterns of the changes in spatial structures in the urban fringe area of Metro Manila. Analysis was implemented using GIS data set and the result of field survey, then following findings were obtained. The indigenous pattern of land use was demolished by two types of development. And abandonment of agricultural land occurred during the process of developments.
The significance of biodiversity has been widely accepted in recent years. In this context ecological information are indispensable for regional landscape planning in both urban and rural areas. In the present study, we propose a procedure to estimate species distribution in a rural area using amphibians as materials. Estimation model of potential habitats was constructed based on the relationship between amphibian species composition and land attributes. The investigation of amphibians in 24 sites was performed in and around Mito city, central part of Ibaraki prefecture as a case study. The percentage of inhabitation of each species was calculated by the current situation of the amphibians in the investigation sites, and the 8 types of fauna composition were identified using TWINSPAN. Then, landform types and vegetation types were classified by GIS. And the discriminant function which classifies each fauna composition type was computed. In the first stage, it was divided into hilly areas and plateau/lowland areas by landform classification. Hilly areas are characterized by habitation of three amphibian species; Hynobius tokyoensis, Rana ornativentris and Rana rugosa. In the following stage, the more detailed division of each fauna composition type, which was explained mostly by the present situation of Hyla japonica, Rhacophorus schlegelii and Bufo japonicus formosus was possible by using vegetation classification. The discrimination ratios of predicted inhabitation were between 65 - 86 %. We calculated the potential habitation possibility of amphibian species in the non-investigated area using the obtained distinction function formula. The map of the predicted habitat of amphibians was created about 840 km2 of the case study area with a grid cell of about 1km around. In addition, verifying investigation was conducted at 13 sites and the validity of the predicted potential habitat map was accepted. By establishing a series of research flows for the prediction technique, the application of a broader-scale landscape planning was attained.