Journal of Social Safety Science
Online ISSN : 2187-9842
Print ISSN : 1345-2088
ISSN-L : 1345-2088
Current issue
Showing 1-33 articles out of 33 articles from the selected issue
  • Yuko ARAKI, Tomoki MOTOZUKA, Sotaro TSUBOI, Akihiko HOKUGO
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 1-9
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In the case of Mashiki town in the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, we considered public primary evacuation centers and additional public evacuation centers as district support bases and unregistered evacuation centers as sub district support bases.We analyzed the structure of these district support bases and sub district support bases from the following viewpoints: spaces, functions, management bodies operating these bases, and interaction between district support bases and sub district support bases. As a result, it was concluded that the structure of evacuees support bases includes the following five types: sub district support base expansion type, district / sub district support base integration type, district support base / sub district support base parallel type, sub district bases distributed type, sub district support base not organized type.

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  • Masato TANAKA
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 11-20
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This paper follows the relocation process for residents of debris flow disaster areas who suffered house damage, in order to shed light on the actual condition and background of the selection of resettlement sites. The case of heavy rain in Hiroshima that occurred on August 20,2014 is cited. 23 residents were interviewed. "Household factors, "such as family structure and family finances, "geographic factors, "such as housing location and neighborhood relations, "empirical factors" related to experience with disasters, and "institutional factors" such as reconstruction work and hazard area designation are involved in the selection of resettlement sites.

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  • Yoriko TSUCHIYA, Itsuki NAKABAYASHI, Rie OTAGIRI
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 21-31
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This paper aims to elucidate the relocation process after the Great East Japan Earthquake through a survey conducted in March 2014 in Ofunato City and Kesennuma City. The main findings were as follows: (1) Approximately 75% of the survivors whose houses were collapsed had stayed in temporary housing for three years. (2) The rate of immediate evacuation to relative's homes were almost same as the designated shelters. (3) A few survivors whose houses were destroyed continued staying under severe conditions. And (4) survivors who avoided collapse of their home were able to return after repair within three years. It is suggested that supports for residents in temporary housing for an extended period and an emergency repair of damaged house make up an important scheme against large-scale disasters.

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  • Akiko IIZUKA, Yu ISHIDA
    Type: research-article
    2008 Volume 33 Pages 33-41
    Published: November 02, 2008
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami caused tremendous damages not only to visible economic losses, but to invisible local culture and tradition. This paper aims at analyzing the relations; how the local cultural arts contribute to disaster rehabilitation in social capital prespective including bonding, bridging and linking social capitals. Primary data was collected through questionnaire survey and group interviews to five local cultural preservation societies in Karakuwa, Miyagi prefecture. This paper finds the local cultural arts acts as social capitals to strengthen the bonds and trusts among the local people in the recovery processes, build the network and make connections with outside, however the relations of disaster rehabilitation and local cultural arts clearly differ by each preservation society.

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  • Shingo SATO, Osamu MURAO
    Type: research-article
    2019 Volume 33 Pages 43-51
    Published: November 02, 2019
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The authors conducted a questionnaire survey to 400 households in Miyagi and Iwate Prefecture in March 2015 to understand the effect of power and water failure to their daily lives due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. This paper reports results of the survey and assessment of daily life difficulty caused by utilities failure. It also quantitatively assesses the residents' daily life difficulty for 35 daily activities based on a proposed accumulative difficulty time. As a result, it clarified that (1) influencing level of refrigerator, light, and heating appliances to the daily lives was higher than other items, and (2) estimated daily life difficulty without refrigirator, for example, was highter than the actual experience.

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  • Fuminori KAWAMI, Haruo HAYASHI, Reo KIMURA, Keiko TAMURA, Munenari INO ...
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 53-62
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study is to reveal the effects of seven critical elements of life recovery to the individual life recoveries by using random sampling data in Tohoku region. The sample consists of survivors who lived in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima Prefecture (N=2011, Response rate: 33.5%). As a result, following four points was shown. 1) The effects of housing damage and older person to the individual life recoveries disappeared when the seven critical elements of life recovery except for economic situation were controlled. 2) The economic situation affects the individual life recoveries through the effects of prefecture of residence. 3) GRP affects the individual life recoveries independently. 4) The effect sizes toward the individual life recoveries were large in order of “Physical and Mental Stress”, “Economic/Financial Situation”, “Housing”.

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  • Yuto SHIOZAKI, Takaaki KATO
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 63-73
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study aims to clarify the relational structure between an urban system’s characteristics and Absorptive capacity, and to discuss the possibility to control the Absorptive capacity. Absorptive capacity is one of an urban system's ability to regenerate to a desirable situation in post-disaster phase, which is measured by the degree of damage that the system can accept. First, a differential equation model to describe the dynamics of an urban system state is established, which is then used to represent the degree of Absorptive capacity. Secondly, this study analyzes how the Absorptive capacity is influenced by the change in parameter values relating to the characteristics of the urban system in the model. Finally, the possibility to control the urban system’s Absorptive capacity is discussed based on the analysis.

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  • Taku SUGANO
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 75-82
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This paper theoretically examines the governance structures that can be supplied efficiently for each goods and services type. In this paper, we treat disaster response as an adaptation process of society to efficiently supply goods and services to appropriate demand level when supply of goods and services decreases or new demand is created due to disasters. The Japanese institutional environment sets out that the government supplies goods and services. Thus, the supply of public goods and services with low asset specificity as supplied by mixed form governance and the supply of private property as supplied by market governance are not compatible with this institutional environment. Therefore, building governance structures based on a mixed form may increase efficiency of supply these goods and services.

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  • Shinichiro MORI, Takumi KOBAYASHI
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 83-92
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In the plain where the central part of Saijo city in Ehime Prefecture is located, differences in the seismic intensity distribution of two damage estimations by Cabinet Office and Ehime Prefecture, were observed for the Nankai Trough gigantic earthquake. To clarify the cause of the differences, microtremor observation across the plain was carried out and the validity of the soil amplification evaluation was examined. In addition, the Median Tectonic Line active fault zone crosses this plain, and we also grasped the influence of that active fault zone on ground amplification. As a result, it was explained that the difference in the two seismic intensity distributions depends on the difference in the predominant periods due to the geomorphology. Additionally, the effect of active fault was not observed.

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  • Taku TAKAHASHI, Eiichi ITOIGAWA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 93-103
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Increasing the risk of Tokyo metropolitan earthquake, the power of the volunteer fire department is needed. However, it is concerned that securing the power of the volunteer firefighters by time zone is difficult because of decrease in the number of volunteer firefighter and increase in the number of volunteer firefighter for employee. And the rate of woman volunteer firefighter becomes very high in metropolitan volunteer fire corps. So their power will be very important in the great earthquake. In this study, we clarified the reality of "unstable power of the volunteer fire department by time zone" and "power of woman volunteer firefighter" by the questionnaire survey.

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  • Shosuke SATO, Fumihiko IMAMURA
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 105-114
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The interview survey was conducted to responders who belonged Miyagi Prefecture government in the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster in order to clarify the tradition process of experience of responses in past disasters and its application reality. The results are summarized as follows. 1)Civil engineering department and financial affairs section absorbed and utilized past experiences in mainly the 1978 Miyagi-oki Earthquake disaster and others. 2)It wad difficult to use knowlege and past experiences in other departments and sections because of difference affiliation, class of positions, business tools and survivor support systems between past disaster and the 2011 disaster. 3)Past experiences including know-how cannot be directly utilized in the later disaster, but the attitude toward disaster as the tacit knowledge which acquired in the actual experience was helpful in the 2011 disaster. Finally, we proposed a tradition system of disaster experience for effective response in local government which responded.

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  • Toshimitsu NAGATA, Reo KIMURA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 115-125
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study developed and verified a disaster management education/training program for students with visually impaired to raise the "zest for life" at the time of a disaster based on the instructional design theory. We conducted a questionnaire survey with all the special-needs schools in Tochigi Prefecture, and set as the learning objective the fact that the visually impaired students can act to protect themselves depending on the situation after being aware of the earthquake shaking or the earthquake early warning. We practiced the program with Tochigi Prefectural Special School for the Visually Impaired as a case study, and verified the achievement degree of the learning objectives. In particular, it was revealed that this has a great effect on the programs using the ADL Room.

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  • Shinya YASUMOTO, Naoya SEKIYA
    Type: research-article
    2019 Volume 33 Pages 127-136
    Published: November 02, 2019
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study reveal that why uneasy feelings to the Fukushima Prefecture products can not be mitigated in Hokkaido and Kinki. I thought that the cause for the difference in anxiety feelings for each region is in the local paper. As a result of the analysis, there is significant correlation between between the "The proportion of people who are avoiding the Fukushima products" and "The number of articles about evacuees from Fukushima Prefecture in the local paper." In addition, local paper in Hokkaido and Kinki have been reported to stand at the evacuees' eye level from Fukushima Prefecture. As a result, unintended consequences that does not decrease people to avoid Fukushima Prefecture products was born.

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  • Keiichi SATO, Taro ICHIKO, Itsuki NAKABAYASHI
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 137-145
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The headquarter of earthquake research promotion has pointed out that the occurrence probability of the anticipated Tokyo metropolitan earthquake is high, and the cabinet office has released the damage assessments of the earthquake. In case of the anticipated Tokyo, 610,000 complete collapse buildings were expected. Countermeasure to the widespread evacuation is becoming a realistic policy concern. In order to make preliminaly considerations, micro simulation will be useful information. To construct reliable simulation, we developed household's discrete choice model of temporary housing using the data from internet-based questionnaire system. According to the constructed model, the choice probabilities came to be able to calculate in all conditions such as household's attributes and housing conditions.

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  • Qinglin CUI, Makoto HANASHIMA, Takuma SAEKI, Hiroaki SANO, Hiromits ...
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 147-156
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Disaster response of serious and wide area earthquake is difficult only supported by the affected local government. It is important to grasp the direct damage amount and the overall picture of the damage promptly for the disaster designation and support from outside. However, actual investigation and estimation works tend to be postponed because of human resources shortage after disaster. This paper proposes real time situation grasping techology of direct damage amount through integrating an estimation model of real time direct damage amount and an apportion method of the estimation result. It also applies to the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake to present the result of the direct damage amount of Kumamoto Prefecture which apportioned in 250m mesh.

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  • Nagahisa HIRAYAMA, Hisato NAGATA, Shunichi UEMURA, Yoshiaki KAWATA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 157-164
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The objective of this research is to find out the relationship between disaster debris operation and resouces for debris related to demolition of damaged housing after the catarostorphic earthquake disater. A calculation model, which describes the target period of disaster debris operation with the amount of disaster debris and the number of employees of the general contractors, was developed. As a result, a goal period of disaster debris including constraints of the resources after the Nankai Trough earthquake was calculated with 19.45 years based on the worst case of the estimation by the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. It was indicated that the resouces for disaster debris operation is insufficient and disaster debris should be disincentive of recovery and reconstruction after the Nankai Trough earthquake.

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  • Masahiko Shinohara, Daisuke Kozeki, Ken-ichi Takanashi
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 165-174
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    There is a record that firefighters did not feel that the wind was so strong when they arrived at the fire scene in spite of a strong windy day. Similar eyewitness testimonies were also obtained in interviews with the residents. Because we considered that the wind speed in the beginning of the fire may have influenced the firefighting operation, we estimated the wind speed near the fire origin in the beginning of the fire using the tilt angles of the smoke plume from the fire in four pictures collected through the field survey. We showed that there was probably the time that the wind speed near the fire origin in the beginning of the fire was several meters per second. This may have affected the alert to spot fires and the timing of the support request.

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  • Yuta SUZUKI, Eiichi ITOIGAWA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 175-185
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Under the post-earthquake fires, one of the effective strategies for securing inhabitants’ safe is guiding them to an evacuation space in real-time with the forecast of firespread based on fire information gathered by the public sector. However, the firespread estimation includes the errors between the forecasted fire speed and the actual one. In this study, we suggested the optimization method of a safe route considering the uncertainty of the fire spread estimation. First, we modeled the safety index called "safe margin of evacuation". This index intends the maximum tolerance on the deviation between the forecasted fire speed and the actual one. Second, we develop the method how to maximin the index on the route. Finally, we discussed the characteristics of the optimal route with the computer simulation.

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  • Kosuke TANAKA, Michitaka UMEMOTO, Eichi ITOIGAWA
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 187-197
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Although residents’ early mass evacuating would be the most important issue to reduce human casualties caused by river flood, people tend not to act under flood hazards. Focusing on "burden and anxiety while evacuating" among inhibitory factors from the action, we conducted a questionnaire survey on residents in Joso City, Ibaraki Prefecture in order to evaluate the influence of the factors quantitatively. Based on the obtained data, we constructed structural equation models on residents’ decision making to evacuate by using simultaneous analysis of four districts in the city. Through interpretation and consideration about these models, we suggested effective measures to promote evacuation for each district.

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  • Hiroshi ANDO, Hirotaka IKEDA
    Type: research-article
    2019 Volume 33 Pages 199-206
    Published: November 02, 2019
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In the Heda area, Numazu City, Shizuoka prefecture, the arrival of a tsunami is predicted immediately after the occurrence of the Nankai Trough earthquake. In this study, we evaluated the safety of tsunami evacuation by measuring the time margin of evacuation with consideration of road blockage due to building collapse in the assumed flooded area of Heda district. We also showed that safety of tsunami evacuation can be improved by strengthening the redundancy of evacuation routes by utilizing low-use land.

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  • Yoriko HATANO, Satoshi IIZUKA, Tsuyoshi NAKATANI, Ryohei MISUMI, Sh ...
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 207-214
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    We investigated the response of welfare facilities in Asakura City to severe heavy rainfall in the northem Kyushu, on 5 July 2017. A questionnaire about evacuation action and information utilization shows that no facilities evacuated according to "evacuation preparation and elderly peoples start evacuation" issued by the mayor, although two facilities subsequently evacuated judging from water level of surrounding river and weather information. It seems that the information such as the inundation or the landslide around the facilities is more important for most of welfare facilities to evacuate by comparing with official evacuation information. It is also found that about a half of facilities evacuated several day-care-type users in their facilities because roads were flooded and closed on the way home.

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  • Kazuyuki TAKAHASHI, Atsushi OGIHARA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 215-223
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    According to Disaster Countermeasure Basic Act, it imposes an obligation on the local government to make a list of people requiring disaster evacuation assistance. To heighten cooperation during non-disaster period, residents’ association etc in the local community are required to provide information for the list beforehand. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the status of sharing and utilization of list information. Differences between local governments were evidenced in the actual sharing performance and the extent of utilization. To increase sharing with parties and bolster such activities, it is important to collaborate between welfare commissioners, community comprehensive care centers, etc.

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  • Shigeru HIRAKI, Taro ICHIKO
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 225-235
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    There were various forms of private support for evacuated residents improving environment of evacuation center in the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake. Consideration for securing privacy Space is necessary for residents in evacuation centers. We verify the effect of paper partition system for securing privacy Space. We conducted a questionnaire survey in April 2017 and verified its effectiveness along with hearing to the administrators of evacuation center in Mashiki-machi and Mifune-machi.

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  • Saneyuki UDAGAWA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 237-246
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    L-alert is an information infrastructure system for disaster prevention and life support information transmission to residents. A variety of news media and communication enterprises collect evacuation information from L-alert and transmit to residents. According to the results of the questionnaire survey on usage of an information sharing system, we revealed factors that are hindering distribution of information for each type of media. And we proposed countermeasures utilizing information sharing system,to realize smooth information distribution.

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  • Daisuke KURIBAYASHI, Miho OHARA, Takashi IWASAKI, Yoshio TOKUNAGA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 247-257
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study describes a disaster information sharing system designed for local municipalities in mountainous areas with insufficient disaster information to use seamlessly from normal times to emergency in order to carry out disaster prevention and mitigation activities effectively and efficiently. Utilizing the system of the e-community platform,developping by the NIED,as the core system, we propose the prototype "Aga-town Risk Information System(ARIS)'' for Aga Town, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Then we conducted a questionnaire for officers in charge of disaster management and confirmed the availability of the system.

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  • Masamu MATSUMOTO, Shigeyuki OKADA, Tadayoshi NAKASHIMA, Shinichiro ...
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 259-266
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The main factor of casualty in collapsed building is debris of buildings, such as columns, beams, and slabs. Considering the collapse process of building is necessary to develop casualty estimation and rescue, but previous studies have reported only an indirect correlation without causal process. In order to disclose the causal relations, the authors simulated wooden house collapse using 3-dimentional Discrete Element Method (abbreviated to DEM). As a result of this, it was firstly found that a relatively large number of safety zones even in total collapsed buildings are scattered unevenly and temporally. Secondary, by applying the pseudo-ISS(Injury Severity Score), which is measure of injury risks, the actual lethality ratio observed in destroyed buildings was possible to be simulated in a DEM Model.

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  • Mitsuyasu TAMASE, Masakatsu MIYAJIMA
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 267-274
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The damage of air valves are reported in large numbers at past earthquakes. It is thought that water pressure change in the water pipe cause this damage. However,we have never found out what kind of factors influence water pressure change. Therefore,we made the model of water pipes and did shake experiment. We put the water pressure gauges on the model and measured water pressure when we shake the model. We change the factors which are seismic characteristics and pipe forms, and investigated what kind of cause affects the decrease of water pressure.

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  • Aiko FURUKAWA, Masato GOTO, Junji KIYONO, Hitoshi NAKASE
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 275-282
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In this study, applicability of a refined distinct element method(Refined DEM)to simulation of moderate velocity impact phenomena between a steel projectile and a concrete slab was investigated. Firstly, two simple phenomena, a perfectly elastic collision and a perfectly inelastic collision were simulated and the validity was confirmed. Next, a stress-strain model was improved to enhance the analysis accuracy. Energy consumption due to compression failure and tension softening of concrete was introduced. Finally, the impact experiment between a steel projectile and a concrete slab was simulated. The analysis results generally showed good agreements with the experiment. Three failure modes,namely surface failure, backside failure and penetration were successfully simulated.

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  • Yoshihisa MARUYAMA, Daichi KAWAI, Shigeru NAGATA, Satomi SUDO, Tos ...
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 283-289
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The Road Committee of the Panel on Infrastructure Development recommended full-scale maintenance of aging roads in 2014. According to their recommendations, pavements may be inspected or replaced based on an appropriate renewal period depending on their deterioration level. The authors proposed a method to evaluate road surface irregularity using vertical accelerations recorded by smartphone. This study applies the method to a daily road patrol performed by road administrator of local governnment. A smartphone is installed in an official car of Nogata City Government, Fukuoka Prefecture. The accelerations are recorded during the daily road patrol, and the road surface irregularity is evaluated on a routine schedule.

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  • Aya TSUJIOKA, Fuminori KAWAMI, Anna MATSUKAWA, Shigeo TATSUKI
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 291-299
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    While many training programs for disaster management officers were conducted throughout Japan,there is not enough research that prove the effect of training programs. In this study, we tested the efficiency of "professional training course on disaster management'' with the instrument named" Disaster Response Competency Profile Indices (DRCPI)". We found that the developed competencies vary with the level of training course. At the same time, we found that some program did not contribute the development of participants' competency. The impact of training programs asks the meaning to continue programs or not.

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  • Yuichi HONJO, Takashi NODA, Shigeo TATSUKI
    Type: research-article
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 301-311
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study is to examine the life history of the aid-giving local government using Kreps's "Structural code'', based on the case study of Kobe City's assistance to the affected municipality governments, after the occurrence of the Kumamoto Earthquake. We characterize the life history of the organization in terms of three system states: Origins, Maintenance, and Suspension of organization. In our analysis, the qualitative data of responders extracted from questionnaire surveys, interview surveys and workshops were adopted. The main results were that we unraveled several patterns within the life history of each bureau of the aid-giving organization. We also extracted issues with in the three system states.

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  • Kouji SATO, Reo KIMURA, Haruo HAYASHI
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 313-323
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    We developed an disaster education program at Shizugawa Junior High School in Minami-sanriku town, Miyagi prefecture. This program conducts basic training such as emergency first aid, debris removal, and emergency warm meal service in the classes of integrated periods of study. The ultimate goal is to carry out "evacuation center management training" while having the students make a decision for themselves regardless of the predetermined scenario. Through experiential active learnings rather than classroom lectures, it is possible to foster the students' ability to balance knowledge, morality, and physical body (zest for life). We developed 47 items of "evacuation center response capability" scale in order to verify whether this training program nurtures the zest for life.

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  • Akio HONDA, Yuki HIROSE, Motoaki SUGIURA
    2018 Volume 33 Pages 325-332
    Published: November 02, 2018
    Released: June 25, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    A person's personality plays an important role in maintaining a resilient life affer a disaster(i.e. power to live with disasters). Two studies were conducted to investigate the association of trait gratitude with the power to live with disasters. The first study asked participants to complete the Big Five Inventory, Trait Gratitude Scale, and a scale for an eight-factor model of the power to live. After controlling for gender and the Big Five, results revealed that gratitude accounted for variance in leadership, altruism, etiquette, emotional regulation, and self -transcendence.The second study addressed the causal effect by application of gratitude intervention. Although the effects of trait gratitude were replicated, the intervention did not change the power to live, thereby lending no support for the causal relation.

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