Under the coronavirus ciris, we should cope with natural disasters. We focused on municipalities, in Hyogo prefecture, to research on their capacities of disaster management. While we analyzed the support measures by the national and prefecture government, we implemented the questionnaire and interview surveys to these mucipalities. We found that those support measures emphasized on the opening and operation of evacuation faicilities, which acceralated the management of the munipalities in the short trem. But it is not enough to prepare for the long term disasters. Although big cities are superior in the term of the crisis system, each municipalities should develop their coordination capacities within their organization, and with citizens and business cooperation.
Disasters such as the Great East Japan Earthquake have highlighted the importance of tsunami evacuation awareness training that simulates mixed car and on-foot evacuations. A tsunami evacuation simulation was developed for car and on-foot evacuations that was then demonstrated at the “Nishio City Disaster Prevention College” event. The results of the questionnaire revealed that the simulation system was useful in teaching how to calmly deal with the evacuations; however, several issues need to be addressed, such as improving the controller and control system and reducing feelings of VR sickness. It was also suggested that repeated experiences were more effective in gaining a full understanding of the evacuation routes.
This study is an analysis using panel data of 5 waves in Natori city. The purpose of this research is the following two. 1) We examine the transition of the subjective sense of life recovery for each housing reconstruction method. 2) Considering the differences in the attributes of the victims, we compare the differences in the subjective sense of life recovery for each housing reconstruction method. By conducting these two analyzes, it is clarified whether housing reconstruction methods is really a factor that lowers the subjective sense of life recovery of the victims.
In population decline situation, it is necessary to consider the trends for the post-disaster reconstruction. However, it is not clear how pre-disaster situation, the damage seriousness, and the efforts for the reconstruction, especially in village revitalization acts, affects post-disaster demographics. This study quantitatively evaluates the impact by them through the case study on the 2004 Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake, and discuss about the thoughts of the reconstruction based on the results. The analysis result shows the differences in post-disaster demographics between damaged areas and others dependeing on regional residential characteristics, and quantitative relationships between damages and postdisaster long-term demographics. It showed the importance of pre-disaster situation and damages for the reconstruction.
This study aims to clarify residents' determinants of tsunami evacuation sites in the situation they injured or not. To understand the tsunami risk awareness and evacuation intentions of residents, a questionnaire survey was conducted in the Gobo City, Wakayama Prefecture. A result shows that some residents would choose to stay at their home if they estimated they were injured, in particular, elderly residents intended more likely to stay in their homes and not evacuate if they are injured. Regardless of whether they assumed themselves injured or not, the family attribute and difficult-toevacuate zone of tsunami were found to be the determinant factors of choosing the evacuation site.
The authors conducted questionnaire and interview survey to the listed companies in Kinki region that is assumed huge impact to business continuity due to the Nankai Trough Earthquake, in order to reveal the framework and countermeasure method for disaster prevention and business continuity in the companies. The results of the questionnaire survey are as follows; firstly, the companies that have an experience of disaster formulated the strategic plan for the preliminary countermeasures against the Nankai Trough Earthquake. Secondly, the countermeasures in the companies that have the strategic plan are in progress. Finally, the authors proposed the effective methods for promotion of preliminary countermeasures based on the results of interview survey.
Most of the local archival activities developed in the disaster-affected areas after the Great East Japan Earthquake focus on preserving records of the damage and raising awareness of disaster prevention. Such archives are considered to be an important resource for disaster risk reduction. In contrast to solely focusing on the Great East Japan Earthquake,the NPO “Ishinomaki Archive, ” which is the focus of this study, concentartes on the history and collective memory of Ishinomaki City from the Meiji period onwards. This research considers the activities of the Ishinomaki Archive, which focuses on the pre-disaster period and therefore is not considered a disaster archive, to become a vital source for the regeneration of the region after the disaster. This study further interprets the significance of the organization's emphasis on old photographs and maps in offering a connection between space, place, and memory.
Previous research on fraud victimization has revealed vulnerabilities in the psychological characteristics of the elderly, while relatively little is known on promoting anticrime measures. In this paper, we analyzed survey data of people who applied the telephone-equipment purchase subsidy program, and found the following points. First, those who have enabled the nuisance call prevention function (NCPF) are more likely to recommend the function to others than those who have not enabled it. Second, there is no statistically significant difference in the proportion of people who use NCPF between those whose relatives or electric appliance store staff installed the phone and those who did not.
In this study, we developed an incident action planning program with information processing. Especially, we focused on the work of support for reconstructing livelihoods of disaster victims. And we implemented this program with municipal officials. The training program consisted of four processes and seven implementation items: "calculation of workload," "examination of work procedures," "determination of work procedures," and "approval of work procedures. Regarding the relevance of the training, the participants responded that the tools, including those utilized in the training, were useful in their actual work. And the participants' questionnaire also revealed that the training program helped them to recall the image of disaster itself and disaster response.
A disaster prevention system for special needs education schools requires a school BCP(Business Continuity Plan)that covers the entire process from disaster occurrence, emergency response, evacuation, and reopening of schools. The process of continuous improvement through formulation, training, and review of school BCP is important in itself. Through the participation of various actors, special needs education schools need a mechanism to foster understanding of not only disaster prevention but also welfare for the disabled. To address the issues of community collaboration identified in the questionnaire survey, the use of individual education support plans that involve families (parents) and community disaster management plans that involve the community may be the one of solutions.
Based on the results of a questionnaire survey of local governments, this paper discusses the cooperation between local governments and the Self-Defense Forces regarding the disaster relief duty of the Self-Defense Forces（SDF DR） in the aftermath of the East Japan typhoon of 2019 (Typhoon “Hagibis”).From the discussion of the survey results, The major issue in The SDF-DR in the typhoonwas the coordination between prefectures and municipalities, and the municipalities were particularly aware of this issue, but there were cases such as Fukushima Prefecture where the coordination went relatively smoothly.
For effective and efficient disaster management in local governments, this study created a workflow chart based on the analysis of pet-related issues in disaster response verification report. First,we analyzed disaster response verification reports to categorize pet-related issues and visualize the frequency of issues. Then, we compared local disaster managemet plans with the past issues we had categorized, and revealed the deficiencies in local disaster managemet plans. Finally, a pet-related disaster response flow was created in the disaster response process management system (BOSS) based on the pet-related issues in the disaster response verification report and local disaster managemet plans，concerning guidelines and manuals.
The purpose of this study is to present a framework for consultation for the materialization of regional cooperation in times of disaster, using a case study of an effort to connect tertiary emergency transportation roads designated by municipalities at the boundaries of cities and towns. As a result, the study process was organized into three stages: "sharing of issues," "agreement on the direction of the project," and "individual consultation. Since the planning body is the basic municipality, it is necessary to carefully coordinate with the related departments, and it was clarified that it is effective to hold individual discussions between the two related cities.