Ecotourism is a new type of tourism that has become popular worldwide since the late 1980's. It is recognized that sustainable tourism, which enables visitors and operators to enjoy and understand nature while minimizing impacts on it and contributes destinations by bringing various benefits. In this study, the authors propose a circuit model that can draw how to create ecotourism in a region by focusing on knowledge of outsiders. This model can provide a practical design for ecotourism promotion by introducing, transforming, and creating knowledge autonomously. Therefore, the authors believe that the model can be a unique and useful tool for developing local ecotourism. Since few researches have conducted on the mechanism of ecotourism development, this study may be the first to apply the knowledge management to ecotourism study.
This study aims to find out development and change of the information in guidebooks to area of old Tokyo prefecture published from the Meiji era till the World War n. Findings are mainly as follows, 1) The table-of-contents of Guidebooks was divided into some types, and although "type of the names of the place" was main in the Meiji era, the "type of kind of the place" increased later. 2) Guidebooks were classified into eight types by the item of contents. 3) Among the sights which existed from the Edo era, natural sights such as slopes or trees decreased, but temples, parks and other few items continued to be shown in guidebooks. On the other hand, sights which symbolize a system and authority, such as "the Imperial Palace", became to appear constantly.
Sustainable tourism is envisaged to divide the profits optimally among stakeholders. In general, the governments are expected to play important roles in creating the policies, legal and institutional frameworks for tourism development and environmental conservation. However, developing countries are constrained by insufficiency in resources and weakness in governance. Furthermore, communities have difficulties in initiating tourism development due to relatively low educational level and limited socio-economic experiences. This paper examines the impact of tourism on the local economy and partnership to sustain tourism development. It is based on a case study of El Nido in the Philippines, where an eco-resort company has initiated ecotourism development through establishment of a NGO and partnership building with the government and local community.
In this study, "individual primal scene" was defined as scenery of the place where they had ever lived and had most strong impact. This study examined individual preferences for sightseeing destinations determined by individual mental factors including "individual primal scene" and two psychological scales. Ninety-eight female undergraduate students in Japan answered their primal scenes and their preferences for sightseeing spots. Then, they were asked to complete two psychological scales: Self-Monitoring Scale (Lennox & Wolfe, 1984) and Sensation Seeking Scale (Furusawa, 1989). Result demonstrated that the persons whose primal scene contained little rural scenery had more propensity to "Disinhibition", and they preferred to the place of entertainment. On the other hands, the persons whose primal scene had more rural hometown preferred to go to adventure spots. Moreover, high self-monitors preferred the nature place and natural view spots.