The aim of this papar is to examine the aspects which identify the world heritage as a tourist attraction, especially paying attention to the world cultural heritage and its 'outstanding universal value' as a commodity. The ideas used in this paper such as tourist attraction, tourism as pilgrimage and authenticity are based on MacCannell's theory in his book, THE TOURIST. According to him it is not so much the sight that produces markers or attracts attention as it is the process of marking that establishes the sight by pointing to it as something to be seen and, therefore, defining it as a sight. In the case of marking the world heritage as a sight, the international community. UNESCO, and the site's own 'outstanding universal value' together play important roles to identify the world heritage sight as a tourist attraction. This is especially true in the international tourism.
The purpose of this study is to indicate how tourism expenditures of non-local tourists and international tourists influence the regional economy of Fukuoka city and to attempt to consider the tourism regional structure of this city. The economic impacts which include direct impacts, indirect impacts and induced impacts were estimated through the use of input-output models. The international tourism was also included in these analysis. It was indicated that the induced impacts of the service industry were very remarkable, and that the tourism industry play an important role in the regional economy of Fukuoka city. It was also discussed the role of the tourism regional structure in a local metropolis.
This study aims to clarify the evolution process of tourism policies and developments in Hokkaido pushed by the authority since the Meiji era to the beginning of the Showa era. Based on related historical documents the chronological table is originally made, on which the analysis is concluded. The findings are as follows; (1) The development process can be divided into three stages in broad sense and into six in precise sense. (2) Through the process seven strategic ideas had been invented or introduced in Hokkaido, most of which were more leading than in other parts of Japan.