日本応用動物昆虫学会誌
Online ISSN : 1347-6068
Print ISSN : 0021-4914
ISSN-L : 0021-4914
60 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の12件中1~12を表示しています
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原著
  • 渋谷 真理, 松原 一世, 安田 哲也, 仲島 義貴
    2016 年 60 巻 2 号 p. 87-92
    発行日: 2016/05/25
    公開日: 2016/07/15
    ジャーナル フリー
    Dendrocerus carpenteri(Curtis)and Asaphes suspensus(Nees)are common aphid hyperparasitoids that attack braconid parasitoids in mummified aphids. In this study, we investigated the host discrimination behavior of D. carpenteri in hosts parasitized by each of these hyperparasitoid species, and compared the behavioral process and chemical characteristics of host marks involved in host discrimination. Females of D. carpenteri significantly avoided host mummies parasitized by D. carpenteri and A. suspensus. The avoidance behavior was observed soon after antennal drumming(tapping on the mummy surface)in cases of host mummies parasitized either by D. carpenteri or A. suspensus. This demonstrates that chemical markers deposited on the mummy surface are important cues for host discrimination, regardless of the hyperparasitoid species. Methanol extracts of mummy cases separated from hosts previously oviposited by D. carpenteri induced oviposition avoidance behavior, while methanol and hexane extracts for markers deposited by A. suspensus were active. The adaptive role of the markers in mediating host discrimination by the two hyperparasitoid species and implications for possible use of the semiochemicals involved in future biological control programs are discussed.
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