What is a difference between two types of "Shu-gyo" (修業) and (修行)? The answer to this question is that; the intention of the former is to complete a course of practice usually in order to enjoy individual benefits, while the latter requires us to pursue the individual ideas by following the way opened by pioneers who have spiritually enlightened, without asking for nothing back and adhering closely to material losses and gains. The ultimate goal of traditional Japanese material-art training (修行) is the development of character. The author always sets his final goal to attain good health together with grace and dignity.
Risk literacy is defined as the ability to deal with risks taking into consideration their background, combined with an ability to identify accurately the scope of their influence, and eventually to prevent risks from happening, As we consider risk literacy in public life, the ability to manage risks including unexpected crisis situation is also required in addition to the ability to cope with various threats in daily living. This paper first clarifies the concept of risk management and specific matters to be addressed in the crisis situation as a martial artist.