Recent foregin studies of crime have revealed that some regional characteristics like incivility and territoriality play an important role in crime victimization or anxiety for crime and pointed out the significance of both environmental criminal and environmental psychological view points in this area. However, only a few studies have been done in Japan. This study aimed to clarify regional and psychological factors relating to crime and anxiety for crime in order to present basic data of this area in Japan. The data obtained from 132 Japanese married women living in detached house were analyzed. Following results were obtained. The rates of victimization were low in most of crimes except for bicycle theft. Contrary to this, percentages of subjects who heard about crime victimization in their dwelling region were relatively high in property crimes. Similarly, crime which the most subjects were anxious about was property cime and the next was sexual one. Multiple reggression analysis revealed that incivility increased the rate of crime victimization but territoriality did not. On the other hand, incivility, knowledge of other’s victimization and direct experience of victimization increased anxiety for crime. When the anxiety for crime was analyzed in each crime classification, same influence of incivility was found in many classifications. However, it was also revealed that crime-related factors differred among classifications. These data suggest that some environmental factors affect both crime victimization and anxiety for it, while more detailed analysis is also needed.
The present study was examined on stimulus anticipation in the detection of deception. 25 subjects (12 males and 13 females) participated in the experiment as a volunteer. A variety of physiological measurements were studied including the rate of breathing, heart rate, and Skin Conductance Response (SCR) . Each of seven questions was asked five times, before moving to the next question in the sequence. As in past reports, the results of the present study showed a significant decrease in the rate of breathing in response to the critical items, and an increase of the amplitude of SCR. Moreover, stimulus anticipation in the detection of deception was confirmed from the amplitude of SCR and the extinction time of SCR.