The purpose of this research is to develop a model of the recovery from the violence against teachers, by analyzing the experiences of middle school students who have recovered from the violence against teachers. To do so, the data of the interviews with 9 middle school students who have recovered after using violence to their teachers was analyzed with M-GTA, which is a qualitative research method. Based on the analytical results, the following process model was developed. After using violence, the students were arrested, and this experience made them realize that what they did was wrong, and then they repented their wrongdoing. They tried to get over it, but they became behindhand in their school work, and mentally stymied. However, they overcame it, by consulting with the family court probation officer. Such experiences of being supported by others enable students to recognize others positively, and by acquiring the ability to overcome problems through discussions, they become able to recognize themselves positively, and live without relying on violence. This study also clarified what kind of support is effective for educating and instructing the students.
Most studies on the effects of attentional focusing have used situations involving bleeding such as accidents, surgeries, and stabbings as emotional stimuli. In these circumstances, participants may attend to the blood rather than to the detailed characteristics of the source of emotion. We examined the hypothesis that blood attracts particular attention because of its role in communicating a threat or a call for help and protection. We asked 16 participants to engage in a visual search task in which they viewed 3×3 matrices containing images of either one blood-stained shirt among shirts with a red rose-shaped ribbon or one shirt with a red rose-shaped ribbon among blood-stained shirts and to select the discrepant image. Participants committed fewer errors when presented with a blood-stained shirt against a background of shirts with red rose-shaped ribbons than under the reverse condition. This result indicates that the image of blood captures human attention.
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