Objective: This article aims to consider the reasons for the development of pharmacy education in modern India focusing on the lives of two Indian pharmacists, Harkishan Singh (November 25, 1928-March 20, 2020) and Bhagwan Dass Miglani (September 15, 1929-September 23, 2017). The two were classmates during their Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm) course at Panjab University.
Materials and methods: A historical approach was used. Investigating the two pharmacists' publications on modern Indian pharmacy, and contrastively describing their early life, education, encounters with pharmacy, careers, and educational activities.
Consideration: Singh was involved in basic research, and Miglani was engaged in clinical research called hospital pharmacy. The relationship between the two was a prototypical one in which a pharmacist involved in basic research and another pharmacist working on clinical research were able to share the same research mindset. Therefore, for the development of research by pharmacists, it is necessary to clarify the logic and methods through basic research and to collaborate to develop the research in a clinical practice. Their contributions show pharmaceutical educators that the maturation of the research mindset and the development of research skills will be major challenges in future pharmacy education.
Conclusion: Singh and Miglani made outstanding contributions in the field of pharmacy education in India in the 21st century. They are respected by Indian pharmacists and other people involved in pharmacy. Singh worked to establish the National Institute of Pharmacy Education and Research. As a hospital pharmacist, Miglani introduced a master's degree course in hospital pharmacy as part of the pharmacy education curriculum. He also worked as the editor of a hospital pharmacy journal to improve the social status of hospital pharmacists. They are respected by Indian pharmacy professionals. Although they were in different positions in Indian pharmacy, they shared the same perception of developing the nation's pharmacy education. They were driving forces behind the development of pharmacy education in modern India.