魚類学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1884-7374
Print ISSN : 0021-5090
検索
OR
閲覧
検索
3 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の9件中1~9を表示しています
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
  • Toshiji KAMOHARA
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 1-6
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the present paper is given a review of fishes of the family Chlorophthalmidae found in the deep waters of Japan. The specimens referable to two genera and four species with the annexed addition of two subspecies, of which one species and two subspecies seem to be new to science, are chiefly secured from the Mimase Market (Kochi City), Kôchi Prefecture and the Chôshi Market, Chiba Prefecture. All are secured by a kind of the small fishing motor-boat known as “kisen-teguri”, operated at grounds some 100 meters deep.
    In the following descriptions the body length is measured from the anterior end of upper jaw to the upper insertion of caudal; the length of head from the anterior end of upper jaw to the posterior end of opercle; the number of caudal rays is counted excluding unbranched ones; the color notes all are based on the material preserved in for malin.
    All the specimens except two of Chlorophthalmus albatrossis borealis from Chô-shi, which are collections of the Department of Fisheries, Kyôto University, are deposited in the Biological Laboratory, Liberal Arts Faculty, Kôchi University, Kôchi City, Japan.
    Before proceeding further, I wish to express my hearty thanks to Dr. Shigeho Tanaka, ex-professor of the Tokyo University, who offered kind advice in various ways.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 鈴木 亮
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 7-14
    公開日: 2011/02/23
    ジャーナル フリー
    1.この研究は科を異にするドジヨウとキンギヨの相反交配を行い、その發生及び遺傳子の影響を明らかにしたものである。
    2.科間交雜卵は正常交雜のものに比較して、發生初期に死卵が増加し、特に嚢胚期にその増加が著るしかつた。
    3.ドジヨウ♀×キンギヨ♂の仔魚に於ては、孵化後最長14日間、キンギヨ♀×ドジヨウ♂のそれに於ては24日間生存せしめることができたが、これら仔魚の多くは、頭部、尾部、卵嚢に著るしい發生障害を見受けた。
    4.交雜卵を同温度に保って發育せしめたところ、發生速度に父系及び母系の遺傳子の影響のあることが確認できた。
    5.交雜卵から孵化した仔魚の核の大きさ、筋節數、色素細胞の數にも、父系及び母系の遣傳子の影響をそれぞれ確認することができた。
    6.以上の結果から、筆者の行つたドジヨウとキンギヨの科間交雜に於て得られる仔魚のうち良好に發育したものはLOEBの考えたような單爲生殖的なものではなく、受精に際し、卵核と精核が融合して生じた科間雜種であることを確認することがでぎると考える。
    抄録全体を表示
  • 堀田 秀之
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 15-20
    公開日: 2011/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー
    1.東部三河灣に於ける海産稚鮎を河川遡上まで追跡し、生活經過を明らかにした。
    2.稚鮎の棲息し得る水温の下限は、可成り低く10℃前後であろう。
    3.灣内移動及び河川遡上は、水温と關係があり、移動は魚体の大きいものから始まる。
    抄録全体を表示
  • 田中 小治郎
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 21-28
    公開日: 2011/02/23
    ジャーナル フリー
    This report is based on a physiological study of the digestive function in the mouth of Ophiocephalus argus CANTOR. The resuls obtained are summarized as follows:
    1. Besides the usual teeth known in other fishes, this fish has teeth on the parasphenoid.
    2. The young, up to ca. 62 mm in total length, have few teeth on the gillarches.
    3. This fish is polyphobont and grows to a size of ca. 510 mm in total length within 16 months. The total number of teeth at thi3 size is ca. 4, 000.
    4. It is presumed that the stage in which the voracity of this fish appears remarkably and attacks other animals is more than 16 months after hatching.
    5. It is presumed that the suitable term for artificial culture of this fish in ponds is about 6 months, and that the body-weight suitable for harvest is about 1.2-0.23kg.
    抄録全体を表示
  • Kiyomatsu MATSUBARA
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 29-32
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    The new species here described under the name of Carapus owasianus is based on a specimen (MATSUBARA'S Fish Coll. No.18871) obtained by a deep-sea trawler on November 17, 1952 from off Owasi, Mie Prefecture, at a depth of about 100 hiro (about 151.5 meters). The present study is a part of the results of our investigations on the deep-water fishes of Japan and its adjacent regions. The expenses for the studies of the present series were defrayed from 1943 to 1945 from a research fund contributed by Viscount Keizo SHIBUSAWA and since 1948 from the grant-in-aid by the Ministry of Education.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 江上 信雄
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 33-35
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    a, 日本各地に野生するメダカの臀鰭の軟条數を比較した。
    b, 条數の平均値は地域的に異つた値を示し、湖や河川の流域を一つの単位として特定の変異の巾を示している。
    c, 全国的にみて変異の傾向とその地域の生態的環境の間には明瞭な相関関係は認められない。 (いわゆる傾向変異はみられない) 。
    d, 従つて地理的変異の原因は主として地理的隔理の結果生じた遺伝子構成の差にもとずくものと推論される。
    メダカを用いての実驗に種々御指導を賜わり便宜を与えて下さつた岡田要先生に深謝する。文献の参照などには阿部宗明氏の御世話になつた。調査材料の蒐集に協力下された方々と結果の集計其の他に援助いただいた小坂丈予・有吉君人両氏にお乱申し上げる。
    抄録全体を表示
  • ジャイルス ミード, ジェームス ベールケ
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 36-38
    公開日: 2011/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー
    In December of 1951 the writers published a description of a previously unknown species of the morid genus Physiculus, P. jordani (BOHLKE and MEAD, 1951: 27). The description was based on a single specimen trawled by the U. S. Fish Commission Steamer “Albatross” off Suruga Bay, Japan. In March of the following year Dr. Toshiji KAMOHARA of Kochi University described P. inbarbatum as new (KAMOHARA, 1952: 94), designating as types three specimens obtained from the Mimase market (Kochi City, Shikoku). Since these two nominal species appeared to be strikingly similar in many respects, a direct comparison of the type material seemed desirable. This comparison was effected through the kind cooperation of Dr. KAMOHARA, who made available to us not only his types but also several specimens subsequently collected from the type locality.
    Specimens of P. jordani and P. inbarbatum are similar in the absence of the mandibular barbel, in the extremely slender caudal peduncle, in color pattern and in many other general features. In several meristic and morphometric characters, however, the type of P. jordani differs significantly from those of P. inbarbatum. Counts and proportional measurements of the specimens at hand are recorded in Table 1. It is immediately apparent that our specimen has a greater number of dorsal and anal rays, a slightly longer and broader head, a longer snout, a wider interorbital space and more posteriorly placed pectoral and ventral fins than has Dr. KAMOHARA'S material.
    We cannot, therefore, assign P. inbarbatum a place in the synonymy of P. jordani, although it seems improbable that two closely related and morphologically similar populations could have evolved and maintained their identity while living together in waters off Shikoku and southern Honshu.
    A third form apparently closely related to these two is Physiculus edelmanni (BRAUER, 1906: 274, pl. 12: 6, from the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa. Counts and measurements of this species, taken from BRAUER'S type description, are also included in the table. In many respects the specimens of P. inbarbatum appear to be intermediate between P. jordani, as originally understood, and P. edelmanni. A biometric study of the members of this complex based on material from various localities and depths may demonstrate the existence of but a single widespread and highly variable species. However, since available representatives of the three forms are in several respects at variance with one another the three nominal species must tentatively be considered distinct.
    抄録全体を表示
  • Tokiharu ABE
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 39-47
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 阿部 宗明
    3 巻 (1953 - 1954) 1 号 p. 47-48
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
feedback
Top