Legal procedures such as interrogations, confessions, forensic interviews, lineups, eyewitness tests, and poly- graph tests may be studied in the context of law and psychology. However, the same procedures may also be studied within the discipline of criminal psychology, which typically concentrates on the psychological pro- cesses of criminals, victims, and third parties such as witnesses, residents around crime scenes, and people in- volved in the arrest or correction of criminals. We were concerned that young researchers, who will be the fu- ture leaders in law and psychology, have had little contact with criminal psychologists ; an intersection for criminal psychology and law and psychology has not been established. In this symposium, first-line research- ers reported on present interests, theories and research methods in criminal psychology and law and psycholo- gy, and they discussed existing and possible future crossroads between the disciplines as a first step towards their integration. Here, we describe the background and objectives of this symposium.
This paper describes (1) the history of criminal psychology research, (2) the current status of the Japanese As- sociation of Criminal Psychology (JACP), (3) the author’s background in criminal psychology research, and (4) the conflicts between law and psychology research. Moreover, the paper outlined the current and future problems of the Japanese Association of Criminal Psychology. As a precedent for solving these problems, the author focused on the use and evaluation of the “polygraph test” in criminal investigation. As a result, the following three points were considered to be important : active exchange between the JACP and The Japanese Society for Law and Psychology, strengthening of cooperation between the different fields in the JACP, and emergence of “airy footwork” for young researchers.
The Society for Law and Psychology was founded in 2001. Looking back at the time before and after the society was established, we describe how the society was formed, trends in research topics, the growth of preventive research based on the research that pointed out problems in criminal justice, and increased diversity of research areas. We also describe the effect of Grant‐in‐Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas “Law and Human Sciences”, conducted during the period 2011-2015, and finally, discuss the future interactions between criminal psychology and psychology and law.
The disciplines of criminal psychology and law and psychology both study forensic and criminal issues with
the aim of promoting more appropriate and sophisticated criminal investigation to realize more effective
criminal proceedings and to promote a better society. However, there are few opportunities for integration
between these complementary disciplines. In this symposium, we asked first-line researchers to report on the
present state of knowledge within their field and to discuss potential future crossroads. Here, we discuss the
future integration of criminal psychology and law and psychology, and suggest that researchers in both disciplines regularly hold symposiums or workshops aiming to examine and solve forensic or criminal problems
that may arise in the future. For example, we may hold such symposiums or workshops at the annual conferences of the Japanese Society of Law and Psychology, the Japanese Psychological Association or the Japanese Association of Criminal Psychology. We also examine the advantages of launching a study group where young researchers from both disciplines can regularly exchange information, collaborate on research, and co-author academic papers or books.
This study aimed to explore the determinants of punitiveness and crime prevention behavior. Building on previous research, it was hypothesized that these variables are related with desire forself-determination and self-determination of community, as well as fear of crime and riskperception of crime. Questionnaires were administered to 332 Japanese residents through aweb-based survey company. The results revealed that punitiveness and crime prevention behaviorwere both correlated with fear of crime, risk perception of crime, and desire for self-determination. Thus, the findings generally supported the hypotheses and suggested that the dependent variablesmay share a common root. Future research directions and limitations have been discussed.