The Comprehensive Community Sports Club is a form of sports club that is expected to play an important role in delivering a sports society for life, and Japan has proceeded the fostering of those clubs across the county. This study reviewed the current situations in delivering a sports society for life from the perspectives of policy transition in fostering of comprehensive community sports clubs, and the future issues were discussed. The principles and policy measures in fostering of comprehensive community sports club, as a place to play sports, are consistent. Fostering of clubs proceeded based on the societal demands at the time of history and also took into account of the situations of the development of sports clubs in the local community. Community sports clubs including comprehensive community sports clubs are expected to be a place for children who are an important member of local society to play, create, and support sports. Furthermore, they play a role as a ʻbridgeʼ and formulating new policy measures and approaches in a comprehensive manner will be another opportunity in delivering a sports society for life - looking ahead to 2020.
The relationship between the specific medical check-up and the physical activity-related factors among national health insurance subscribers
BACKGROUND: Although the exercise intervention incorporated into the “Standard Health Check-up and Counseling Guidance Program” can facilitate healthy aging, improve functional capacity, and prevent chronic diseases, many Japanese adults do not attend the medical check-up.
PURPOSE: This study clarifies the association between the standard medical check-up and physical activity among national health insurance subscribers.
METHOD: The data of 1,097 national health insurance subscribers from Kanoya City, Kagoshima (540 men, 557 women, average age = 61.9 ± 9.7 years old) who completed the questionnaire were included in the analysis. Demographic (gender, age, marital status, occupation, ambulatory) information, attendance of the standard medical check-up, behavioral (television watching, computer or internet use, walking, driving, bicycling, going out, life activity, standing activity, pedometer use, leisure, and regular exercise), psychosocial (self-evaluation of physical strength, knowledge of the exercise, self-evaluation of physical activity, social support), and environmental (perceived neighborhood environment) variables were self-reported. Based on their self-reported standard medical check-up experience, the subjects were divided into two categories—attendants and non-attendants. The association between the specific medical checkup and the physical activity-related parameters (behavioral, psychosocial, and environmental) were analyzed using the logistic regression analysis model.
RESULTS: In the non-attendant men, television watching, pedometer use, and exercise were statistically significant, and the odds ratios (OR) were 1.93, 0.47, 0.45, sequentially. In the non-attendant women, life activity (OR=0.62), standing activity (OR=0.64), exercise (OR=0.45), knowledge of the exercise (OR=0.67), social support (OR=0.49), neighborhood exercise facilities (OR=0.67), and neighborhood volunteer facilities (OR = 0.53) were statistically significant. The non-attendants were less active than the attendants. The community physical activity intervention strategies for those who do not access health information voluntarily may have considerable public health impact on the promotion of health of the non-attendants.
This study examined the relationships between the physical fitness, physical characteristics, lifestyle, and social characteristics of elderly women living in rural areas. A questionnaire was used to assess the physical characteristics, lifestyles and social characteristics of 116 women aged 65 to 90 years old. The subjects performed six physical fitness tests (grip strength, leg extension, sit-and-reach, stepping, single leg stand with eyes open, and a 10 m walk). Through the summation of the z-scores of the six physical fitness tests, we created a physical fitness score (PFS) that assessed the physical fitness of each subject. According to this score, subjects were assigned to one of three groups: the "High physical fitness group", the "Moderate physical fitness group", or the "Low physical fitness group". An analysis of variance was used to assess the differences in continuous data, and a chi-square test was used to assess the differences in categorical data. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the odds ratio and a 95% confidence interval. After adjusting for age, the logistic regression analysis showed that physical fitness in elderly women is related to physical characteristics (lower extremity pain and self-reported performance of stair-climbing and chair-rising), lifestyle (life satisfaction and exercise frequency) and social characteristics (frequency of going outdoors, and social networks).
This study estimates the economic ripple effect caused by an urban marathon race. After an extensive Internet investigation to identify the runners in the 2012 Kyoto marathon, from valid responses of 3,521 runners, their total expenditure on domestic travel, accommodation, food and drink, travel and entertainment, and souvenirs and shopping was computed. To analyze the realistic economic impact of the marathon, data regarding the number of participants, the event operating expenses incurred, the expenditure related to event participation, and the expenditure on sporting goods was included. On analyzing the data using the MICE (Meeting, Incentive, Convention, Exhibition/Event) economic ripple effect measurement model, the direct effect is found to be 1,497.23 million JPY , the indirect primary ripple effect, 1,134.69 million JPY, and the indirect secondary ripple effect, 679.51 million JPY. Thus, the overall economic ripple effect caused by the 2012 Kyoto marathon is estimated to be 3,311.40 million JPY.
In 2011, the national plans of Health Japan 21 were published final assessments and in 2012 were published second plans. The establishment of regional plans and some local prefectural governmentsʼ final assessments and second plans, we have captured the tendencies of the assessments in the field of "physical activity and exercise" in the regional plans or the situation of the final assessments and second plans. As a result, 19 local prefectural governments published their final assessments and second plans on their web sites. The aim can be classified roughly into "number of steps in daily life" "situation of custom of exercise" and "ratio of those who commit physical activities intentionally in daily life". All these aims pursued the goal of improvement. But judging from the results of final assessments, it seemed necessary to promote "physical activity and exercise" more strongly because the number of steps daily life decreased in many prefectures. In addition, the steps had more than 2,000 steps differences in local prefectural governments. It is a walk of more than 20 minutes. On the other hand, the custom of exercise had differences of more than 10% in local prefectural governments. It is therefore extremely important that the promotion of "physical activity and exercise" was devised in local prefectural governments.