At least 11 final instar nymphs of the evening cicada Tanna japonensis were found in the crop of a dead Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus collected from Ogane, Minaminasu-machi, Nasu-gun, Tochigi Prefecture on September 13, 1987. This is the first record of the predation on cicadid nymphs by B. indicus.
Winter bird survey was conducted along the climbing path and the road along the coast of the Ullung Island, from 12 to 19 January, 1995. During the survey a total of 786 birds belonging to 16 species, 14 families, and 6 orders, were observed. Among them, dominant species were Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris (7.81/km, 41.4%), Great Tit Parus major dageletensis (4.13/km, 24.7%), Brown-eared Bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis (2.17/km, 13.0%), Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans (1.62/km, 9.7%), and Tree Sparrow Passer montanus (1.60/km, 9.5%). Tree Sparrows were recorded in Hyonpo only. The occurrence of Tree Sparrows may be related with food supply and snow cover in winter on the Ullung Island. Russet Saprrow Passer rutilans reported as a resident in South Korea, was not found during the survey.
A nest hole in which a female (grey phase) sat was found on 22 June 1994 at 1, 160m asl. of Mt. Takamaru, Tokushima Prefecture. Four eggs were seen in the hole on 28 June and three nestlings were observed on 18 July. In addition to these observations, a male (brown phase) singing on a branch near the nest hole was seen on 16 June.
I observed Peregrine Falcons Falco peregrinus preying on House Swallows Hirundo rustica, which were going to roost at two sites, Tottori and Wakayama. In both cases, Peregrine Falcons preyed on a House Swallow flying in flocks over a reedy marsh after sunset. It is suggested that the Peregrine Falcon regularly preys on House Swallows at dusk from summer to autumn, if the House Swallows roost is located in the home range of the Peregrine Falcons.