Sixty seven pellets of Long-eared Owls, Asio otus, were collected in a village, Ehime Prefecture, during 19February 2001to 6 April 2001. The bones of 164 Mus musculus, ten Micromys minutus, two Apodemus speciosus, two Rattus sp., seventeen Pipistrellus abramus, two Myotis macrodactylus, twelve Crocidura dsinezumi and a bird were found in the pellets. M. minutus, P. abramus, M. macrodactylus and C. dsinezumi were new records in diet of the Long-eared owls.
Distribution of feeding sites of wintering Greater White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons around Lake Izunuma-Uchinuma (roost) was determined by direct observations during winter of 1997, 1998and 1999. The 68.6% of 110feeding flocks were observed in rice fields within 6km from the lake.
Daily measurement of chick mass could be a useful method to estimate daily food intake under the assumption that the effects of the body mass on daily mass increment do not differ between chicks receiving different amount of food. To evaluate this assumption, 40g and 60g anchovy per day were fed to Rhinoceros Auklets chicks in semi-captivity. Negative relationships between chick mass and daily mass increment were found in 40g-and 60g-fed chicks. There was no significant difference in the slope of regression equation between 40g-fed chicks (-0.037±0.018) and 60g-fed chicks (-0.041±0.016). The intercept in 60g fed chicks (17.578±3.491g) was larger than that in 40g fed chicks (10.950±3.491g). Therefore, the daily amounts of food intake in Rhinoceros Auklet chicks can be estimated from body mass and daily mass increment.
As one of ecological surveys of alien avian species in Japan, internal and external parasites of 4 individuals of Hwamei Garrulax canorus and 4 individuals of Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea collected in Kanagawa, Tokyo, and Fukuoka Prefs., Japan during from July 1999to November 2001, were investigated. Ornithoica bistativa, Ornithomya avicularia cf. aobatoensis, Haemaphysalis flava and Centrorhynchus turdi were obtained from Hwamei, and Ornithonyssus sylvialum and Anonchotaenia sp, were obtained from the Leiothrixes, respectively. All of these external parasites and the acanthocephalan species are newly recorded from these two avian species in Japan.