Evaluators can and should help policymakers and managers to overcome the challenges in use ofperformance information to improve policy decisionmaking and program performance. Results-orientedmanagement is likely to increase the demand for and supply of evaluation studies.
This paper quantitatively analyzes the incidence of public education spending on the poor in developing countries by using the results of standard benefit-incidence studies and additional national data. Although there is considerable variation across studies, it is found that public education spending generally does not favor the poor, but it does favor them at a lower level of education. The poorest quintile (20% of the population), on average, receives 16.3% of total public education spending while the richest quintile receives 25.9%. In primary education, the poorest quintile receives 22.4% of public spending but only 5.5% in higher education. The cross-country analysis of variations in the incidence of public education spending implies that increased spending on education will be associated with increased share for the poor given that it is not devoted to spending on higher education.
In his treatise on strategy entitled, A Book of Five Rings, famed samurai, Miyamoto Musashi, puts forward a nine-step method for learning Kendo or “the Way of the sword.” Musashi's words also speak to those of us who practice the evaluation profession. The same nine-step method can be applied for learning “the Way of evaluation.”