This study aims to examine the characteristics and tensions of family support that have been central to the care system to date. To this end, this study examines the process in which family care has been greatly weakened and social and market care have been complicit in the deepening of contradictions embedded in the family relations of contemporary South Korean society. Family relation of contemporary Korean is characterized by the eclecticism of patrilineal (or paternal) family and couple family ideas, which have born the gigantic ideology of family centeredness and deepened conflicts between gender and generation. Based on the in-depth interview method, the study interprets conflicts and reflection of family care experienced by older people, families, and professional care workers who have experiences of care in various fields.
The meaning of care, which is being reflectively reconstructed in conflictual experiences is reinterpreted. Care was experienced as various conflictual situations while being a process to reconstruct and reflect on the meaning of care through the conflict process. The conflicting characteristics of care situations were interpreted centering on the asymmetry of responsibilities and rights in the economic/material aspects, gender inequality, absence of communication in the emotional dimension, and the meaning of care situations centered on the functional dimension. The new understanding of care value is the interpretation of the meanings of care as understood by participants through this conflictual care experience. The meanings of self-responsibility, which is gradually becoming more important, the importance of self-determination and reciprocal relationships, and care as an opportunity for self-growth and friendship, and healing are interpreted.