Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 17 , Issue 4
Showing 1-12 articles out of 12 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages Cover13-
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (26K)
  • Type: Cover
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages Cover14-
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (26K)
  • Tadafumi Mizuno
    Type: Article
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 171-177
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper was intended to observe briefly one of the important problems in the study of physical education, a problem of differentiation and integration, by taking up a specific case of study as a reference. Firstly a man as an object of study in physical education was discussed from the viewpoints of philosophically categorized academic disciplines, in that differences of a man as a natural being viewed from scientific operations and as a human being as of the subject of behavior were clarified. Secondly, by taking up a specific case of study as a reference, a blunting trend of an angle of the front edge of the cross-sectional circumference of the central part of a shin (tibia) of men from the New Stone Age to the present was examined from the view of the findings of natural anthropology. It was the present author's new findings that when comparison was made on the measurements taken for modern men by the use of an ultrasonic wave method the angle of the front edge of the shin of a man with high motor ability was smaller than that of the ordinary man and that the former showed a flat "tibia". Lastly, based on the above mentioned facts, the necessity for the synthesis of the science of humanity and social science with natural science was maintained in order to utilize the latter in physical education and possible directions for the solution of the integration problem were suggested.
    Download PDF (762K)
  • Motoyuki Shinoda
    Type: Article
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 179-184
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In this paper the structure on the development of subjective personality in physical education is illustrated. The physical education is educational activities that aim at the development of personality, but this descriptive definition is too abstract. Therefore, I propose the development of subjective personality that lays stress upon philosophical problems. In my study it is to be demonstrated that makes the structure on that point clear. We are much concerned in the problems of subjectivity. From the first, the professors of that field cannot help taking much interest in them. Undoubtedly, this problems must be the object of my study. I want to make clear that this problems must be research field of physical education by mentioning five reasons. For this cause, where is the foundation in physical activities; I clarify the foundation in the following, a) in the process of grasping the concept of subjectivity, b) in the regulation of the aim or character of physical education. In clarifying the structure on the development of subjective personality, I particularly want to mention the following two points, a) by understanding from the point of physical education about "subjective" of human, b) by constituting a model on the field of physicalactivities. Through the survey I can summarize it in the five points that Physical Education has the good structure necessary for character building.
    Download PDF (708K)
  • Shigehiro Yoshizawa
    Type: Article
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 185-203
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Two measures of PWC_<170>(kpm)and Vo_2max(l/min)were used to observe differences in aerobic work capacities of urban and rural adolescents. The number of subjects who received PWC_<170> tests as preliminary one were 377 in male and 355 in female respectively. And 539 subjects, 275 in male and 264 female, who served in the examinations of Vo_2max were randomly selected from those who were tested by PWC_<170> and assured to be healthy. Rural adolescents were those who inhabited NASU Table Land in the northern part of TOCHIGI Prefecture and urban adolescents were born and reared in the central part of UTSUNOMIYA City, the capital of TOCHIGI Prefecture The ages ranged from 9 to 17 years. Skinfold thicknesses and strengths of knee extensors were also measured. The results obtained were as follwed : 1) Rural adolescents were significantly superior to urban ones after the age of 12 years for males and 13 years for females in PWC_<170>(kpm/kg). 2) Rural adolescents showed significantly higher Vo_2max (ml/kg/min) after the age of 15 years for both sexes. Accordingly PWC_<170> could reflect the effect of life environments on aerobic work capacities two or three years earlier than Vo_2max(ml/kg/min) 3) In linear regression equations of PWC_<170>(kpm) and Vo_2max (l/min) to body weight (kg) in the age groups (10 to 12 years in urban, 9 to 12 years in rural, 12 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years), slopes of rural adolescents showed nearly two times as sharp as those in urban ones. This suggests that ΔPWC_<170>(kpm)/ΔBody weight(kg) and ΔVo_2max (mL/min)/Body weight (kg) were higher in rural adolescents than in urban ones. 4) Significant differences in all the four sites of skinfold thicknesses were found from the 15 to 17 year age group for males and 12 to 14 years age group for females. More thicknesses in urban adolescents must be due to the earlier spurt of growth in puberty and physical inactivities in urban life environment. 5) For males PWC_<170>(kpm) showed no differences in body height in critical points in urban and rural adolescents in allometrical analyses. Body heights in critical points were 157.1cm in urban and 156.4 in rural. For females no critical point was found in urban adolescents, but rural ones showed the critical point in the body height of 145.3cm. 6) Critical points in Vo_2max (l/min) were in the body heights of 155.6 and 163.7cm for males in urban and rural adolescents respectively. This difference suggests more effectiveness of rural life environments on aerobic work capacities. Urban females showed no critical point, but rural females had the critical point in the body height of 146.9cm.
    Download PDF (1595K)
  • Jiro Toyooka, Masahiro Kaneko
    Type: Article
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 205-211
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Cardiorespiratory responses to maximal work have been investigated under three different room temperatures (T_<(R)>); 10℃, 20℃ and 30℃, while relative humidity ranged 60-70% during the test period. The subjects were 10 healthy males, ranged in age 19-22 years. All the subjects were tested once at each room temperature (3 experiments for one person). Under a fixed T_<(R)>, the subject took 30 min.-rest and 3 min.-warm up, then exercised on a bicycle ergometer. The work load was initiated by zero and increased by a step of 180 kgm/min up to exhaustion. The results were as follows. (1) The total work done, VO_2max and VE max were not significantly different from one T_<(R)> to another. Regarding the Process of doing work, (2) heart rates at 30℃ were significantly higher than those observed at 20℃ and 10℃ during almost entire process of work. However, (3) heart rates at 20℃ did not significantly exceeded those at 10℃ when doing more work than 80% total work. (4) The higher T_<(R)> elicited the more frequent respiration rate, but no clear temperature differencies were observed in VE and VO_2. (5) Recovery values in the above items have also shown the similar temperature dependency, at least, during 5 minutes following the end of exercise. (6) The relationship between VO_2 (%VO_2 max) and the heart rate levels were shown by regression lines for practical use.
    Download PDF (610K)
  • Takeshi Yamazaki, Masahiro Kaneko
    Type: Article
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 213-219
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The measurements of muscle strength have been made on 126 college sports-club males belonging to seven events. The muscle groups subjected were elbow flexors "elbow extensors, knee flexors" and knee extensors. By uinsg a spring-balance dynamometer the isometric strength has been determined at right angle of the elbow or the knee joint. The results are summerized as follows. 1) It can generally be said that (i) the ratios of flexor strength vs. extensor strength are 3 : 2 in the elbow and 1 : 3 in the knee, and that (ii) the right limb muscles are consistently more (1-2kg) powerful than the left limb"s. 2) Top rank in the leg strength has been occupied by the field athletes of the track and field, and followed by Judo-ka. In the arm strength, however, the ranks of those two events reversed. 3) Sprinters ranked third in all the strength scores. Men of the ball games (handball, volleyball, soccer.) and the gymnastics took low ranks either in the arm or in the leg strength. 4) Gymnasts showed comparatively high values in strength/body weight ratio as well as sprinters, whereas Judo.ka showed low values, in paticular, of the leg strength/weight. 5) In the case of lower limb, the strength/limb girth ratios were arranged in the same order as the leg strength scores of the events, but not the case in arm strength/girth ratios being high in sprinters and handballers.
    Download PDF (665K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 221-233
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (672K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages 234-268
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (2015K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages App2-
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (104K)
  • Type: Cover
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages Cover15-
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (22K)
  • Type: Cover
    1973 Volume 17 Issue 4 Pages Cover16-
    Published: January 25, 1973
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (22K)
feedback
Top