Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 22 , Issue 1
Showing 1-13 articles out of 13 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Appendix
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Ray Sugawara
    Type: Article
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 1-9
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This thesis was to make a review on the studies of sport sociology in the past and to find out the future tasks and problems to be considered. The following aspects were indicated to be studied in future through this review: 1. It was so far agreed that the problems of sports came to be sociologically treated in 1890's, but even this general agreement needs to be re-assured more carefully aided by our future academic evidences. 2. It was in 1964 when the international study of the sport sociology was promoted among the researchers along with the initiation of the International Committee for Sociology of Sports in ICSPE, while that in Japan was after the foundation of Japanese Society of physical Education. 3. There are some areas rather far behind in research compared with others in sport sociology due to its short histoy, even though the hierarchy and divisions of this area of study has not been completed. It is, therefore, our future task to finalize the definition on these divisions with reference to those proposed by G. Luschen and our own of Japanese Research Division of Sport Sociology. 4. The most fit and appropriate research methods must be sought and established independent and characteristics from those of sociology pet se.
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  • W D LOW, W K LOW
    Type: Article
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 11-18
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Shinmi Fujii
    Type: Article
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 19-25
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    It is known that visual perception in the dark is different according to conditions of environment and to the individual visual acuity, and also known that it is influenced by certain disease, fatigue and alcohol ingestion even within the same individual. It may, therefore, be possible to determine the event of lowering of the physical and mental functions by means of measuring the elapsed time of visual perception in the initial stage of dark adaptation. For this purpose an instrument equipped with an electronic timer was developed, by which the restoration time of the visual perception under a low illumination (5 lux) preceded by a 5 seconds' exposure in a high illumination (3000 lux) could be measured precisely. In the present study an outline of the instrument and a few data on basic experiments were described. It was suggested that the obtained values by this method were closely related to the extent of lowering of physical and mental functions.
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  • Gikei Hirohashi, Isamu Kinpara
    Type: Article
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 27-36
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
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    The purpose of this study is to clarify the fundamental principles in developing coordination as one of the fundamental resources that are related with the cybernetic systems of man. For this purpose, 716 seventh grade students were chosen as subjects and several investigations were made which could verify the following hypotheses. 1. From the viewpoint of actual physical activities, co-ordination as one of the physical resources is grasped as a learning ability of motor skills. 2. The quality of co-ordination actually produced is related with several resources that are related with energy output, especially with the degree of muscular strength. 3. In order to develop co-ordination effectively it is advised to experience various kinds of body movements throughout the period of human growth and to learn skillful movements. According to this investigation, it was clear that one whose co-ordination is superior to the other has more rapid learning ability of motor skills, well developed motor fitness for performance, various kinds of the movements experienced by himself, efficient movements and more desirable enviroments for actual physical activities. The results of the investigations indicated that these hypotheses are acceptable.
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  • Takeo Ebata
    Type: Article
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 37-47
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The author tried to analyze and to make clear the effectiveness of "Intensive Group Experiences" appyling to an university basketball team (CUC team) as a part of the program of its training camp. Intensive Group Experiences was held for five days and four nights with eight sessions. Some results are as follows: 1)Though the motivation of team members to participate in the Intensive Group Experiences was low, the interpersonal communication was increased and activated. The CUC team had developed on its openness of communication, understanding and commitment of group goals, mutual confidence and mutual support by the experiences of Intensive Group. 2)As the effects of the Intensive Group Experiences, a morale of the CUC team was significantly increased, but no difference was found in devotion for membership of the team. All other teams which did not have the experiences of Intensive Group, showed no difference neither on the morale nor on the devotion for membership of the teams. 3)The participants of the Intensive Group Experiences increased their positive attitudes to the team or group goals. It gave high productivity to the CUC team and they had obtained better records in the Basketball League.
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  • Yoshiro Hatano
    Type: Article
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 49-58
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
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    Three groups of subjects with diverse mental abilities, though their mean chronological age being equivalent each other, namely 47 equivalent normal (EN), 22 educable mentally retarded (EMR) and 48 trainable mentally retarded (TMR) children, were tested in a series of gross body coordination, heavily including balancing ability tests. The results may be summarized as follows: 1. No significant sexual differences between the test recordings were found. 2. Significant differences were found between the test recordings of EN-EMR and EN-TMR groups. 3. Deficiencies in physique and power development in all mentally retarded (MR) children seemed to have reflected their deficiency in criss-cross, tapping and Bass tests. 4. Mental retardation in MR children seemed to affect their deficiency in shuttle-run, single leg standing tests with eyes open and with eyes closed. 5. MR children's deficiencies in stick tests longways and sideways seemed to be products of their mental retardation and lack of accumulated motor experiences. 6. Intelligence and motor ability and various motor performances were judged to have developed independently each other among those EN children whose I.Q. was higher than 90. While the subjects whose I.Q. was less than 90 were judged to have these elements developed interdependably. 7. Those MR children whose I.Q. was less than 65 were expected to be trainable in the motor performances included in this study. Based on the above results, certain characteristics of gross body coordination of the MR children were discussed.
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  • Type: Appendix
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 59-64
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages App2-
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (124K)
  • Type: Cover
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages Cover3-
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (20K)
  • Type: Cover
    1977 Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages Cover4-
    Published: May 25, 1977
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (20K)
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