Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 39 , Issue 4
Showing 1-13 articles out of 13 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages Cover13-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages Cover14-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (20K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages App4-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages App5-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Appendix
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages App6-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Taketo Kai
    Type: Article
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 255-266
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In Japan, there is extreme pressure on students about their academic careers. For high school students, this pressure is particularly acute. Students involved in extra-curricular sport activities (Student athletes) are also under the same pressure. But, they do not devote themselves totally to the preparation for the college enterance examination. They manage to make their high school lives more comfortable. The sport sociologists in Japan have overlooked the culture of student athlete from the viewpoint of their daily life. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the effectiveness of P. Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital for studying culture of high school student athletes in this "Gakureki" society (credential society). In the educational sociology, it is well known that Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital is available to discuss student subculture and school culture based on many studies about school culture and student subculture in high school. According to Bourdieu, the "educational career" is a cultural capital of which distance from necessity is short and "extra-curricular sport activities" are cultural capital of whith distance from necessity is long in the credential society. Conclusions are: (1) an aspect of "the acquisition of culture" against educational credentialism and school culture is available to explain Student athletes' culture. (2) The examination of "extra-curricular sport activities" enable us to rethink the credential society and school culture.
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  • Masao Asaoka
    Type: Article
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 267-275
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
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    In vielen fortgeschrittenen Staaten handelt es sich heutzutage um die Einschrankung der Schulfacher angesichts der Erscheinung von neuen Schulfachern und der zeitlichen bzw. finanziellen Grenzen. In dieser Situation wird eine Neubegrundung der Existenz des Sports als Schulfach zur dringenden Aufgabe, weil die bisherigen Untersuchungen klar gemacht haben, dass die alten Konzeptionen der "Korperbildung" oder "Erziehung durch den Korper" im Rahmen des Schulwesens unvollstandig realisiert werden konnten. Der Zweck dieser Betrachtung besteht darin, dass der Grund fur die Existenz des Bewegungslernens im Schulsport als Pflichtfach gezeigt werden soll. Darum wurden die fruhere Begrundungsversuche, die aus den Standpunkten der Spielerziehung (Siedentop, D.), der Einfuhrung in die Korperkultur (Crum, B.), und der phanomenologischen Anthropologie (Schmitz, J. N.: Grupe, O.) gemacht haben, kritisch betrachtet. Ferner wurde der neue Gesichtpunkt des "Verstehens durch den Leib" eingefuhrt und naher betrachtet, um den Grund fur die Existenz des Bewegungslernens im Sport als Pflichtfach zu begrunden. Daraus ergab sich, dass die Bildungs- und Erziehungsmoglichkeiten des Sport, und zwar "Gestalten", "Leisten", "Spielen", aufgrund der gemeinsamen Kategorie von "Verstehen durch den Leib" als unerlassliches Gebiet in der Menschenbildung bewertet werden konnten. Zum Schluss sei betont, dass nur unter diesem Gesichtspunkt das Bewegungslernen im Sport als Pflichtfach in der Schule gerechtfertigt werden kann.
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  • Toyohiko Ito
    Type: Article
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 276-286
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of player's achievement motive, kind of school (junior or senior high school), and sex on the relationships between coach's social power and (a) perception of being influenced and (b) satisfaction with the codch. The subjects were 617 members of 36 Volleyball clubs from junior and senior high school. The main results were as follows: 1. The relationships between benefit and punishment power and the perception of being influenced, and the relationships between reference and affiliation-aceptance power and the satisfaction with the coach were found positive in general. 2. As for players having high achievement motive, positive relationships were found between reference power and (a) the perception of being influenced and (b) the satisfaction with the coach. On the other hand, as for players having low achievement motive, a positive relationship was found between enthusiam power and the perception of being influenced, and a negative relationship was found between punishment power and the satisfaction with the coach. 3. The relationships between reference power and (a) the perception of being influenced and (b) the satisfaction with the coach were positive for high school players. For junior high school players, the relationship between enthusiam power and the perception of being influenced was positive and the relationship between punishment power and the satisfaction with the coach was negative. 4. The positive relationship between punishment power and the perception of being influenced was stronger for girls than for boys.
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  • Hiroshi Naka, Shinichi Demura
    Type: Article
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 287-303
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The purposes of this study were to clarify the characteristics of growth and development of physique and physical fitness with age, and to determine the influence of the habitual exercise on physique and physical fitness using longitudinal data in adolescent male students. The physique tests (5 items) and sport tests (developed by the Ministry of Education) were administered annually in male students of freshman to senior grade enrolled in F National College of Technology in the period of 1985-1989. At the same time, the frequency of their recent exercise enforcement was examined. Students were classified into 4 groups based on the frequency of their exercise enforcement for 3 years: those doing exercise three days or more a week continuously for 3 years (HG), those doing exercise once or twice a week continuously for 3 years (MG), those doing exercise twice or less a month for 3 years (LG), those doing exercise once of more a week in the first and second grades but doing exercise twice or less a month in the third and fourth grades (IG). The longitudinal data of 384 students classified into 4 groups based on the frequency of their exercise enforcement for 3 years were used for this study. The main results can be summarized as follows: 1) Body linearity and body bulk become greater and muscular power and flexibility develop with age. But, a significant developing tendency with age for static strength is not recognized and endurance declines with age. 2) The continuous exercise enforcement seems to improve muscular power, flexibility and endurance. Further, it is inferred that the regular exercise in three days or more a week facilitates the development of muscular power and prevents from declining of endurance with age. 3) It seems that the interruption of the regular exercise habit increases fat and hinders the development of muscular power, and produced the sudden decline in endurance. 4) The continuous exercise enforcement in three days or more a week is inferred to produce balanced physical growth and development, but the lack of exercise in adolescent seems to bring on unbalanced physical growth and development such as the decline of endurance and the increase of fat.
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  • Type: Appendix
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 304-314
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 315-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages Cover15-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (18K)
  • Type: Cover
    1994 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages Cover16-
    Published: November 10, 1994
    Released: September 27, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (18K)
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