Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences)
Online ISSN : 1881-7718
Print ISSN : 0484-6710
ISSN-L : 0484-6710
Volume 9 , Issue 4-5
Showing 1-14 articles out of 14 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages Cover8-
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • K. Hanada, H. Fujiyoshi, M. Kawase
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 83-90,1
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The effects of physical activities upon personality traits were observed by applying the Yatabe-Guilford Personality Inventory to elementary school sixth graders and junior high school first graders, three times in a year. The changes in the personality traits of these subjects were pursued respected to the kinds traits, the parts of profiles and the patterns of profiles. No remarkable differences were observed between the personality of athletic and non-athletic club members both in elementary and junior high school. In elementary school, the effects of physical activites was found very little. Almost all of the subjects have not yet developed their interests in specific fields. Some of athletic club members showed reverse effect to the generally accepted idea of the "athletic-type". In junior high school, neither athletic nor non-athletic club members have not yet formed any personality related to the respective club. It is concluded that more experiences is neccessary in their club activities for forming the personality related to the respective club.
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  • H. Yamada
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 91-96,1-2
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Perception of spatial change of the moving object is one of the most important functions on timing action in sports. The moving objects includes balls, the body of the opponent players, and so on. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between the visual perception and timing action to the moving object. The relationship between accommodation of the eyes which is one of the essential visual founctions, and timing error. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) It is supposed that a primary factor of accuracy in timing action is in the constancy of accommodative velocity rather than accommodative time, itself. 2) For good timing* it seemed that there is a optimum speed of moving the obejct. The optimum speed was found between 3 and 4 m./sec. 3) It was found that the timing error was the least when the objcet moved to the direction with the angle of 45 degrees.
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  • M. Minami
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 97-103,2
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The author investigated the unfavorable conditions of various fields caused by abnormal sense of colour. When an applicant applies for a position or want to enter a university, he has been generally rejected if found colour-blind. He has been accepted or treated as a successful candidate if found slightly colour-blind. With about one hundred students of abnormal sense of colour, the author investigated its unfavorable influence on their studies and daily lives, in and out of school as well as home for six months (Sept. l964 to Dec. l964). As those of abnormal sense of colour are different in their degree of abnormality, it is not advisable based on the collective classification of red-blindness and slight red-blindness ; 2 Each individual varies in the extent of unfavorable influence of red-green blindness and slight red-green blindness; 3 Unfavorable influence was not found on Japanese language, mathemetics, English, music, and Health and Physical Education of junior high school curriculums; 4 Unfavorable influence was sometimes observed in social studies, science, fine arts, daily life out of school and home lived.
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  • K. Takashima, N. Fujita, I. Nishiyama
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 104-111,3
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Having observed the physical fitness for Hand Ball Player of All Japan who have visited The Peoples Republic Of China in April 1965, the result was obtained as follows; 1) compared with The Tokyo Olmpic team members they exceeded in respiratory function and were inferior in muscular strength. 2) Compared with Rumnanian team members they exceeded in quickness, were inferior in muscular strength.
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  • M. Matumoto, S. Okada, K. Nakasato, S. Usuda
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 112-116,3-4
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A new method of the test of mental fitness for sports and acts requiring quickness, such as tennis, ping-pong or volleyball, typing, driving the car is described. The method is d sort of measurement of the complex reaction time with the visual stimulus. The aparatus for stimulation and recording the reaction consists of a board (40 X 50cm)set, vertically providing 5 small lamps labelled A, B, C, D and E, and a switch board for only reaction providing 5 keys corresponding to each lamp. The Lamps are lighted independently each other by stimulating keys which is switched at random in each 10 sec. The subject sits on bench before the reaction board and pushes the key with hand or foot rapidly when the stimulation lamp is on. If the subject resbonds in a correct way, the light is on the same lamp. The Reaction time from lighting until pushing and which lamp was lighted are recorded by the difference of hights on paper of the pen wrighting oscillograph. From measured values, a mean reaction time of the correct response of 30 reactions is calculated. The score of the test is described as the following: when the mean reaction time is 300 msec. the fundamental point is 100; when 600 msec the point 50 and so forth. Each mistake of response is counted as minus 2, and the reaction time beyond a certain range (500 msec) also is counted as minus l for each response. The score obtained in this way is 20〜30 at the first test. The method was proved to be well usful as the test method of agility for men tnd women, and particulary useful to know the learning effect of a subject in some sports or acts.
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  • S. Yamaoka, S. Yoneda, H. Hachisuka, Y. Masuoka
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 117-122,4
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The authors previously reported that many of sports-player on a way of training tended to suffer form "Sports-anemia". This fact was confirmed in this paper by increasing its data. The authors obtained the following results by carrying on a few experiments on the relation between sports anemia and motor ability. 1) When a player was under the condition of anemic tendency, his maximum oxygen-intake and -debt were small and R. Q. in muscular exercise was high, as compared with normal condition. 2) In the rat from which the blood was drawn to cause anemia, its oxygen intake became less, the endurance worse, and R. Q. higher as anemia grew worse. 3) In person with superior stamina who was selected out of long-distance runners as a Ekiden (a long-distance race) runner, erythrocyte count was more and hemoglobin concentration was higher than those unselectee. 4) It is quite natural that the erythrocyte, above all hemoglobin, should participate in the transport of oxygen to tissue, However, the authors stressed here that the hypoproteinemia arise from anemia, which causes an increase in R. Q. and reduction in oxygen debt capacity, and it decreases the buffer capacity of protein and prmoted the buffer capacity of bicarbonate.
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  • M. Oonaga
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 123-129,5
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
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    With a view to finding out the physiological significance of the changes in blood components after hard exercise, a series of expeiments were conducted using rabbit as subjects. The rabbits were made to run (40-60 metres per minute, for 5 minutes) on the hand-driven treadmill. The results obtained were as follows: 1) The change in the amount of the blood components just after the exercise ran counter to the change in the blood water. The amount of the blood water was not very significant in this case, but the concentrated blood coming from the spleen had perhaps a greater effect upon the changes in the blood components. 2) The blood corpuscles showed clearly a decrease at 30 minutes after the exercise, but the hemoglobin did not show such a decrease, and at the same time, the average diameetr of red blood cells was increased the blood corpuscle water Showed an increase and the potassium in the serum showed a remakable increase, From these, it is inferred that the metabolism and the destruction of the red blood cells were increased by the hard exercise. 3) It is considered that the blood plasma protein which showed a remarkable increase just after the exercise was affected by the decrease of the blood plasma water, and it may also be considered that the concentrated blood plasma from the blood reservation organ contributed to the increase of the blood plasma protein. 4) The changes in A/G ratio of the blood serum protein did not show any definite tendency. At 30 minutes after exercise, the blood serum albumin showed an increase and the blood serum globulin showed a decrease. The change in the α-globulin showed a similar tendency to the total globulin in the serum. The β-globulin showed a remarkable decrease, and the γ-globulin showed a remarkable increase from 10 minutes after the exercise.
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  • Y. Kawakami
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 130-132,6
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A simple portable flicker-value determining apparatus was deviced using transistors. In order to examine the accuracy of measurement by this apparatus, a calibrator was also made by using decatrous. Comparison of the flicker values determined by the new apparatus and those by the standard apparatus shows that the accidental error in each subject is 2-3 cycles. The apparatus was employed for prevention of heat stroke ; Having examined examination of the effects of cooling the head and adminisitration of aspartic acid salt on the flicker values, the cooling of the head was found more recuperative. for the stroke.
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  • A. Asai
    Type: Article
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 133-139,6
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    When we take up children's grousp to graps the structure and function of play groups in physical activities, first we must make sure to what extent these groups are available for our study. It is observed that children in recess are apt to be attracted to the kinds of games which they feel interesting, and form groups through the game. Their groups are the small ones formed almost spontoneously, and we can find that there are various groups which are in differerent processes of formation, from mere togetherness to such an organized group as team. But each group, what kind of group it may be, has its organized structure and its own group morale, as far as it is a group. Therefore we take up children's group as our means of study, it will be possible for us to understand the structure and function and the process of development of groups.
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  • Type: Bibliography
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages 1-6
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Appendix
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages App3-
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Cover
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages Cover10-
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (25K)
  • Type: Cover
    1966 Volume 9 Issue 4-5 Pages Cover11-
    Published: March 25, 1966
    Released: December 31, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (25K)
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