Here, I reviewed historical origin of physiological psychology. The origin of physiological psychology is puneuma study that means materialistic study of mind. But materialistic or Newtonian study of mind is not direct ancestor of the present physiological psychology. I reviewed physiological psychology of Wundt, James, Watson, Skinner and Pavlov and then discussed relationship between the neuroanatomy and psychology. I also commented on recent functional neuroimaging and neuro-decoding. “Mind” is our verbal description of state of our brain and the mind is strongly supported by human society through inter-subjective agreement. Finally, I propose three measurement of brain function, namely self-observation, behavioral measurement, and direct measurement of the brain activity.