心理学研究
Online ISSN : 1884-1082
Print ISSN : 0021-5236
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38 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
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  • 丸山 久美子, 林 知己夫
    38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 297-310
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    When the observed values fluctuated (we say that they have ‘Response Errors’) with considerably large variance, so that we can not ignore the variance of errors in observation in comparison with the variance of observation within groups, we face the possibility of committing errors in the analysis of data.
    To deal with the distortion in the analysis of data with response errors, a model for correcting response errors of subjects was presented. In blief our model is a probability model of response errors, considering that subjects who reacted + in a given test may react-in the re-test, when the reliability of the test is low.
    The Bayesian probability was employed to estimate the true distribution of each probability of response from the results of test and re-test.
    When the response is+, ±, or-, the model for correcting the error is as follows:
    We estimate the probability of p, q, r, s, t, u, in Table 4 from the results of test and re-test. Table 2 shows the true values, whereas Table 3, observed results. Unknown quantities are p, r, t, n(+), n(±), n (-).
    Then, we compute the Bayesian probability of these unknown quantities, and construct Table 5, in which the occurrence of response is considered as probabilistic, not as the {1, 0} pattern.
    This model was applied to an experiment on the impression of a photograph of a young woman to illustrate the distortion in the pattern analysis of data.
    Further, the distortion in the coventional scale analysis and its reliability were discussed.
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  • 岩下 豊彦
    38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 311-321
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the previous report (1), we made two sets of hypothetical persons who were constructed through information about their feeling-tone of personality that was either the same as or the opposite of the experimental subjects' feeling-tone of personality. Through the experimental study we confirmed the following facts.
    1) If one's “feeling-tone of self-image (the feelings experienced by the self when he perceives himself objectively)” is positive, he directs positive feeling toward the hypothetical persons who have the same feeling-tone of personality as his.
    2) If one's “feeling-tone of selfimage” is positive, he directs negative feeling toward the hypothetical persons who have the opposite feeling-tone of personality to his.
    According to the study, we are able to guess that one likes the persons who have the same characteristics of personality as his, and dislikes those who have the opposite ones. But in our previous studies, as in the study above, the hypothetical persons were constructed through information about the objects they preferred. (According to our understanding, when another person manifests nothing more than his preference for objects, one perceives this person's feeling-tone of personality by these cues.) And for the purpose of dealing purely with the feeling-tone of personality, when we constructed information as cues for perceiving each characteristics of hypothetical persons, we took great care in order that this information might not contain any other meanings which might be suggestive of social adjustment of the hypothetical persons. However, it is certain in our daily life that one's characteristics of personality contain the cues for guessing his social adjustment.
    In this report, therefore, we attempted to construct the hypothetical persons through information which contained not only the cues for perceiving their feeling-tone of personality but also the cues for guessing their characteristics of social adjustment. And the following working hypotheses were made and examined.
    1) If one's feeling-tone of self-image is positive, when he perceives another person and guesses that this person's characteristics contain some signs of maladjustment for social life, one directs negative feeling toward this person even if he guesses this person has the same feeling-tone of personality as his.
    2) If one's feeling-tone of self-image is positive, when he perceives another person and guesses that this person's characteristics contain some signs of good adjustment for social life, one directs positive feeling toward this person even if he guesses that this person has the opposite feeling-tone of personality to his.
    The result of the examination showed that the hypothesis 1) was supported statistically and 2) was not.
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  • 秋田 清
    38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 322-326
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 岡市 広成
    38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 326-329
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 清村 武子, 小橋川 慧
    38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 329-332
    公開日: 2010/07/16
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  • 水島 恵一
    38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 332-337
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 338-339
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 38 巻 (1967 - 1968) 6 号 p. 350
    公開日: 2010/07/16
    ジャーナル フリー
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