In the area of the study of political processes, there have been few situational survey investigations concerning organization of party support and political concern. In this paper, party selection and party support strength were taken as variables representing party support, and political concern, situational political concern, and election concern were taken as three variables representing political concern. These variables were identified in the variables of social and life attitudes. The survey results were examined to clarify correspondence between party support and political concern. The subjects surveyed were 302 males, between 20 to 59 years of age, living in Tokyo. The length of the survey was one week, from October 19th to 26th, 1969. The Hayashi's Quantification Theory was employed as the means of analysis. As a result of the analysis by the Quantification Theory Family II, with a factor of party selection considered as an outside criterion, four criteria of party selection by the subjects were found. Concerning these criteria, a factor of contact with mass communication was found to play a large role. Moreover, factors specifying the support strength for various parties were identifiable as party selection, income, desire consciousness, and desired income. With respect to political concern taken as an outside criterion, anomie, autonomy, and newspaper reading were found to specify basic political concern, while age, social motive, and desired income were found to specify situational political concern. Moreover, newspaper reading, social norm and persons conferred upon when in trouble were found to be the specifying factors of election concern. In the last analysis, the factor of contact with mass communication was found to have strong relationships with both party support and political concern, but party support and political concern were found to be distinct systems having no correspondence with each other.
In the present study, the phenomena observed in apprehending others were analysed. How stimulus persons (others) are apprehended? The major objectives of this analysis were as follows: how stimulus persons tend to be apprehended in general; and how the personality of the judge (used as subject) influences his apprehension of others. The major personality variables used in this study were D (Mental Differentiation), T (Character Traits) and H (Hysteria). D and H were divided into + or - respectively, and T into S (Schizothymic), Z (Cyclothymic) and E (Epileptic). SCT (SEIKEN sentence completion test constructed by Sano and Makita) were given to all the subjects (482 university students) in order to examine their own personalities. As stimulus persons, the SCT cases written by others were used. The subjects read the SCT cases and judged the personalities of their writers. In judging the cases, the subjects were directed to use two different forms [A] and [B]. ([A]: an analytic apprehension of personality, [B]: total personality) (cf. Fig. 1) As to the personalities of the judges and stimulus persons, the three factors D, T (structure) and H (dynamics) were taken into consideration. For the analysis of the confusion matrix obtained in [B] form, I* (by Indow and Sono) was introduced as a new index. The results were as follows: 1. As to the accuracy of judging stimulus persons, T of stimulus persons was most accurately judged, followed by D and H, in that order. 2. The subjects (judges) who are E in T were observed to be unable to apprehend stimulus persons accurately. 3. H of stimulus persons seemed to be extremely difficult to apprehend. H+ often tended to be taken for D+. The subjects (judges) with E and with D- seemed to be especially weak in apprehending H of stimulus persons. 4. Similar results were obtained through [A] and [B] forms.
The aim of this research was to construct a linear model for motor skill learning, especially in inverted printing task, considering response sequences. After constructing the model, the experiments were conducted to test the utility of this model. Method. 48 Japanese letters, Hiragana, were used in inverted printing task. The rank ordered difficulties of 48 letters were determined by the number of letters printed per 30 seconds, and three kinds of learning list (List-A: low degree of difficulty, List-B: middle degree of difficulty, List-C: high degree of difficulty) were constructed according to the rank ordered difficulty. 24 kinds of letters were used in each list, and letters were arranged in random order. The conditions were 3 (List-A, B & C)×3 (32, 16 & 8 trial sessions). One trial session took 60 seconds, and each condition was conducted in massed practice. First, a linear model was constructed, then three parameters, A1 (initial response value), lambda; (asymptotic value) and α (learning rate), were estimated by using 32 trial sessions' data, and after that expected values were obtained. Comparison between expected and observed values showed the satisfactory goodness of fit. A short trial sessions' data (16 and 8 trial sessions), in which subjects did not reach the asymptote, were used to test the utility and stability of the parameter α. Using the parameter α which was obtained in 32 trial sessions' condition, the parameters A1 and lambda; were estimated again. The expected values were obtained in both conditions of trials. The goodness of fit between expected and observed values was again satisfactory. Several possible hypotheses, which were suggested by the above results, were discussed.