The committee of Society for Risk Analysis, Japan translated a report “COVID-19 a risk governance perspective” into Japanese, which was published by International Risk Governance Center (IRGC). This article introduces the Japanese translation of the report to share the state-of-art of risk governance methodology for Japanese readers. IRGC risk governance framework, which can be used as a structured method for examining the steps of solving various risk problems, was customized to COVID-19. IRGC proposed the five stages of the framework as follows: scientific assessment, perception, evaluation, management and communication. IRGC re-organized procedures which were used for cope with COVID-19 problems on these 5 stages and listed remaining challenges for each stage. Finally, IRGC listed 10 lessons (might be) learned for the immediate future.
The United Nation’s policy brief on COVID-19 and the need for action on mental health (13 May 2020) was translated into Japanese by collaboration of members of Society for Risk Analysis, Japan. An insight from this work on current situations of COVID-19 in Japan was introduced.
Legitimacy is defined as the approvability of an individual’s or others’ rights in the context of public decision-making. First, we discuss the theoretical background for people’s tendency to approve the concerned parties’ superior legitimacy (superior legitimization of the concerned party) in a “not in my backyard” (NIMBY) problem. This can be an irrational judgement because the enhancement of the public good that NIMBY facilities can achieve may be undermined by the rejection of the concerned party (e.g., local residents). Public decision making about NIMBY facilities may involve multi-polarization, in which there are two or more concerned parties who hold conflicting interests. Such a context will inhibit the superiority of legitimacy of a certain concerned party and increase the legitimacy of a government agency to balance the interests of the parties. In an experiment, participants played a simulation game (Who & Why Game) in which they were assigned to one of the four roles around the placement of a high-level radioactive waste storage facility: a local resident, an expert commission member, a national majority, or a government agency. They were then asked to discuss the problem. In a condition demonstrating the interests of future generations conflicting with those of local residents, superior legitimization of the concerned party (local residents) appeared to be inhibited, whereas legitimization of them was observed in a condition without the demonstration of future generations’ interests.