All national universities moved into National University Corporation at 2004. Obtaining outside money by academia-government-industry collaboration, social application of intellectual property, and technology transfer have been important mission of university. As a trustee and Vice-President, based on my experiences on university management and academia-government-industry collaboration, I introduced major topics on them and discussed about the problems.
The number of university students going on to university in 2040 is estimated to be 510,000 by the declining birthrate, currently being reduced by 120,000. Since the number of national university corporations in 2018 is 95,650, this number far exceeds the capacity of all national university corporations. If we take such a dramatic change in the management environment and aim for development as a tailwind, it is necessary to redefine the "domain" as a university. Looking at this dramatic change, Kochi University declared that President Katsutoshi Sakurai, who took office in April this year, aims for "Super Regional University (SRU)". In this paper, I will attempt to redefine the management domain of our university as SRU from the standpoint of community collaboration on site, and I would like to describe concrete activities that our university should deal with in order to realize it.
Some examples that the economic situation in region became better are recently observed according to my field work experiences over 10 years in Mie prefecture. Though the southern part of Mie declined until the extinction of the local government was felt uneasy, the leapfrogging came to be observed when the difference with the city arrived at the maximum. National universities in local should fulfill a higher role to find local companies having high growth potential and to change an economic situation by supporting them. In this paper, the possibility of collaboration between society and university in region was considered, and the effectiveness of cooperation with the society to university management was also considered.
Whether a regional university can survive as a local base of a region will be due to whether it can become a contributor to the formation of the regional innovation ecosystem. The concepts of university management to contribute to formation of regional innovation ecosystem by regional universities are described, especially from the viewpoint of industry-university collaboration. Also the university reforms in Shizuoka University and the new activities called ACTPHAST promoted in Hamamatsu area are explained.
In response to significant, rapid changes around the world, societies' expectations regarding universities have also increased. In Japan, the University of the Ryukyus (Ryūdai), which has been charged with the mission of contributing to local communities since its foundation in 1950, is now required to play a bigger role and carry out more activities to meet the communities' growing demands. In response to these demands, in 2015, the Research Planning Office at Ryūdai established positions for University Research Administrators (URAs), tasked with managing research issues. Although the number of URAs is small, they have started flexible and transdisciplinary activities cooperating with various sectors within and outside the university. This paper provides an overview of some of those activities implemented.
In 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake attacked mainly Tohoku district, in particular, Sanriku area in Iwate Prefecture. It killed a lot of people and also, many companies in Tohoku district received severe economic damages. After the big and shattering disaster, many big corporations and non-prohibited organizations came here and tried projects to recover this area economically. However, the local economy has not entirely recovered in Tohoku district. Unfortunately, the population in Sanriku area is decreasing, and the economic situation is still severe. Generation of regional-branded products is required to predict out-migration and recover the regional economy. In this paper, the authors show trials to develop a new regional-brand product and create new industries. To realize this, we had a long-term research collaboration with two universities and set up research projects on Engineering and Designing. We have developed a new product "wooden smartphone case based on the concept of Universal Design." This product was manufactured by using a novel technologies developed by research collaboration and local materials. The research outcome in this paper would be applicable for not only research collaboration in disaster area but also other regional cities and the less-populated regions.
In order to promote effective intellectual property learning it is essential to grasp the situation of learning and to provide high quality learning materials and learning contents. In this study, we developed the learning activities expected by the teacher and the rubric which clarified the result of the activity in the learning activity on intellectual property. Furthermore, we conducted educational practice using the developed rubric. Learning activities solved problems related to knowledge acquisition and intellectual property.
As a result, with the learning process, the average value of rubric evaluation for knowledge acquisition and interest attention increased. It was suggested that the introduction of rubric evaluation into the class might have resulted in the implementation of desirable learning activities by learners.